||944,600 in Russia (1989 census). Population total all countries: 955,600. Ethnic population: 956,879.
||Chechnya, north Caucasus. The capital is Syelzha Ghaala (Chechen name) or Grozny (Groznii; Russian name). 80% live in rural areas. Also spoken in Georgia, Germany, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Syria, Turkey (Asia), Uzbekistan.
||Nokhchiin, Nokchiin Muott, Galancho
||Ploskost, Itumkala (Shatoi), Melkhin, Kistin, Cheberloi, Akkin (Aux). Melkhi is the transitional dialect to Ingush. Chechen is at least partially intelligible with Ingush, more so with contact.
||North Caucasian, East Caucasian, Nakh, Chechen-Ingush
||The largest Nakh-Daghestanian language. Used in publishing. Most speakers are quite fluent in Russian.
||Taught in primary schools. Cyrillic script. Newspapers. Radio programs. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible portions: 1986–1995.
||They call themselves 'Nakhchuo' (sg.) or 'Nokhchi' (pl.). There are many Russians, Ingush, Ossetins, and other peoples living among them. From 1944 to 1957 they were deported to Kazakhstan and Siberia, losing 25% to 50% of their population, and have lost much land, economic resources, and civil rights. They have been largely removed from the productive lowlands. Ergative case system; many consonants and vowels; extensive inflectional morphology, many nominal cases, several gender classes; complex sentences by chaining participial clauses; verbs have gender agreement with the direct object or intransitive subject, but no person agreement (Johanna Nichols). Mountain slope, foothills, plains. Alpine forest (highlands). Pastoralists; agriculturalists: grain. Muslim (Sunni, Sufi).