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Cree, Plains

A language of Canada

ISO 639-3: crk

Population 34,000 in Canada (1982 SIL). Population total all countries: 34,100. Ethnic population: 53,000.
Region North central Manitoba westward across Saskatchewan and central Alberta to the foot of the Rocky Mountains. Also spoken in USA.
Alternate names   Western Cree
Dialects Plains Cree, Western York Cree, Northern Alberta Cree. Nonpalatalized y-dialect within Cree-Montagnais-Naskapi language complex or dialect cluster.
Classification Algic, Algonquian, Central, Cree-Montagnais-Naskapi
Language use Vigorous in many communities mainly in the north. All ages. Speakers also use English.
Language development Literacy rate in first language: 1% to 5%. Literacy rate in second language: 50% to 75%. Cree syllabary. Grammar. Bible: 1861–1908.

Also spoken in:

USA

Language name   Cree, Plains
Population 100 in the USA (2001 I. Goddard).
Region North central Montana, Rocky Boy Reservation.
Alternate names   Western Cree
Language use Most or all speakers are older adults. Speakers also use English.
Language development Literacy rate in first language: 1% to 10%. Literacy rate in second language: 50% to 75%.