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Judeo-Tat

A language of Israel

ISO 639-3: jdt

Population 70,000 in Israel (1998). Population total all countries: 101,000.
Region Sderot, Haderah, and Or Akiva, Israel. None in Iran. They are emigrating from the Caucasus Mountains to Israel at the rate of 2,000 a year. Also spoken in Azerbaijan, Russia (Europe).
Alternate names   Judeo-Tatic, Jewish Tat, Bik, Dzhuhuric, Juwri, Juhuri
Dialects Derbend. Several dialects. Difficult intelligibility of Mussulman Tat. There may also be a Christian dialect.
Classification Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western, Southwestern, Tat
Language development Hebrew, Cyrillic, and Roman scripts. Bible portions: 1980.
Comments Speakers of Judeo-Tat are called 'Bik'. They call their language 'Juwri' or 'Juhuri'. They are called 'Gorskiye Yevreyi', or 'Mountain Jews' in the Caucasus. Speakers consider the label "Tati" to be pejorative. Tradition says that they have lived in the Caucasus since 722 B.C. Different from Takestani of Iran. Agriculturalists: marena grass for dyeing (traditionally); merchants. Jewish.

Also spoken in:

Azerbaijan

Language name   Judeo-Tat
Population 24,000 in Azerbaijan (1989 census).
Region Northeast, especially Quba Region Baku, and Derbent (Russia). None in Iran.
Alternate names   Judeo-Tatic, Jewish Tat, Bik, Dzhuhuric, Juwri, Juhuri
Language use Tats holding to the Gregorian (Armenian) church used to live in Madrasa village until the late 1980s, and spoke a variety of Tat similar to Judeo-Tat. They may have gone to Armenia or Russia.
Comments Jewish.
   

Russia (Europe)

Language name   Judeo-Tat
Population 7,000 in Russia (1989 census).
Region Dagestan ASSR, Nalchik in Kabardino-Balkar ASSR, in villages and ancient cities of the Caucasus mountains (Derbent, Makhachkale, Nalchik, Majalis, Pyatigorsk). Until recently they were in Grozny in Checheno-Ingush. None in Iran.
Alternate names   Judeo-Tatic, Hebrew Tat, Jewish Tat, Bik, Dzhuhuric, Juwri, Juhuri
Dialects Derbend.
Comments Speakers of Judeo-Tat are called 'Bik'. They are known as 'Mountain Jews'. They call their language 'Juwri' or 'Juhuri'. Tradition says that they have lived in the Caucasus since 722 B.C. Different from Takestani of Iran. Mountain slope. Agriculturalists: marena grass for dyeing (traditionally); fruit; hides; merchants; animal husbandry: cattle. Jewish.