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Maru

A language of Myanmar

ISO 639-3: mhx

Population 100,000 in Myanmar (1997 D. Bradley). Population total all countries: 103,500.
Region Kachin State, eastern border area, widely dispersed, north Myanmar. Also spoken in China.
Alternate names   Matu, Malu, Lawng, Laungwaw, Laungaw, Langsu, Lang, Mulu, Diso, Zi, Lhao Vo
Dialects Dago' Lawng Bit, Zagaran Mran, Gawan Naw', Hlo'lan, Laking, Wa Khawk, Lawng Hsu. Lawng Hsu may have difficult intelligibility of the other dialects.
Classification Sino-Tibetan, Tibeto-Burman, Lolo-Burmese, Burmish, Northern
Language development Literacy rate in first language: below 1%. Literacy rate in second language: 25% to 50%. Roman script. NT: 1985–1994.
Comments Different from the Matu variety of Khumi Chin. Culture similar to Kachin. Self name is 'Lawngwaw'. Jingpho name and Burmese name is 'Maru'. Chinese name is 'Langsu'. SOV.

Also spoken in:

China

Language name   Maru
Population 3,500 in China (1997). Over 10,000 households (1999).
Region Western Yunnan, Luxi, Longchuan, Yingjiang, Ruili, and Lianghe counties of the Dehong Dai-Jingpo Autonomous Prefecture.
Alternate names   Matu, Malu, Lawng, Laungwaw, Laungaw, Langsu, Lang'e, Nyky, Diso, Zi, Lhao Vo
Comments Part of the Jingpo nationality. Different from the Matu variety of Khumi Chin.