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Meitei

A language of India

ISO 639-3: mni

Population 1,240,000 in India (1997). Population total all countries: 1,261,000.
Region Manipur (most); Assam, Cachar, Karimganji; Nagaland; Tripura, West and North Tripura districts; Uttar Pradesh; West Bengal. Also spoken in Bangladesh, Myanmar.
Alternate names   Meithei, Meithe, Mithe, Mitei, Meiteilon, Meiteiron, Manipuri, Menipuri, Kathe, Kathi, Ponna
Dialects Meitei, Loi (Chakpa), Pangal (Manipuri Muslim). Intelligibility of Meitei in Bangladesh is difficult.
Classification Sino-Tibetan, Tibeto-Burman, Meitei
Language use Official language. Trade language. Speakers also use Hindi.
Language development Literacy rate in second language: 24%. Bengali script; Meitei Mayak script in Bangladesh. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible: 1984.
Comments Mainly rural. 7 clans (Ningthonia, Luwang, Angom, Moirang, Khabanaganba, Chonglei). They had an earlier script called 'Meitei Mayek'. Valley. Agriculturalists: rice, vegetables; fishermen 60%; government workers 20%; technicians 10% businessmen 10%; weavers; wood craftsmen. Hindu, traditional religion (Sana Mahi), Muslim, Christian.

Also spoken in:

Bangladesh

Language name   Meitei
Population 15,000 in Bangladesh (2003).
Region Sylhet.
Alternate names   Meithei, Meithe, Mitei, Mithe, Meiteiron, Manipuri, Kathe, Kathi, Ponna
Language development Literacy rate in first language: 30%.
Comments Hindu, traditional religion, Muslim, Christian.
   

Myanmar

Language name   Meitei
Population 6,000 in Myanmar (1931).
Alternate names   Meithei, Meithe, Mithe, Mitei, Meiteiron, Manipuri, Menipuri, Kathe, Kathi, Ponna
Comments Hindu, traditional religion, Muslim, Christian.