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Pashto, Southern

A language of Pakistan

ISO 639-3: pbt

Population 1,356,059 in Pakistan (2000 WCD). Population total all countries: 2,674,367.
Region Balochistan, Quetta area. Also spoken in Afghanistan, Iran, Tajikistan, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom.
Alternate names   Pashtu, Pushto, Pushtu, Quetta-Kandahar Pashto
Dialects Southeastern Pashto, Quetta Pashto. There is generally an 80% lexical similarity between the northern and southern varieties of Pashto.
Classification Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Eastern, Southeastern, Pashto
Language use Some Pashto speakers educated in Urdu medium schools mix Urdu into their Pashto speech.
Language development Perso-Arabic script. Grammar.
Comments Muslim.

Also spoken in:


Language name   Pashto, Southern
Population 1,088,248 in Afghanistan (2000 WCD). 8,000,000 all Pashto in Afghanistan.
Region Kandahar area.
Dialects Southwestern Pashto, Kandahar Pashto (Qandahar Pashto).
Language use National language. Since the early 1930s the Afghan government has been exerting considerable effort to standardize and publicize the language.
Comments Muslim.


Language name   Pashto, Southern
Population 113,000 in Iran (1993). Population does not include refugees.
Region Khorasan on Afghanistan border east of Qa'en.
Alternate names   Pashtu, Paktu, "Afghani"
Language use Men are bilingual in Western Farsi.
Comments Different from Northern Pashto of Pakistan and India. Laborers. Muslim (Sunni).

United Arab Emirates

Language name   Pashto, Southern
Population 26,060 in United Arab Emirates (2000 WCD).
Alternate names   Paktu, Pakhtu, Pakhtoo, Afghan
Comments Speakers have come from Afghanistan. Unskilled laborers; drivers; shopkeepers. Muslim (Sunni).