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Quechua, Puno

A language of Peru

ISO 639-3: qxp

Population 500,000. 100,000 monolinguals (2002).
Region Puno Department and adjacent areas: northeast Arequipa, highland area of Moquegua.
Alternate names   Quechua Qollaw, Quechua Collao
Dialects North Bolivian Quechua, Cailloma Quechua. Mutually intelligible with Cusco Quechua and North Bolivian Quechua: possibly sufficient to understand complex and abstract discourse.
Classification Quechuan, Quechua II, C
Language use Official language. All ages. People in towns and cities mostly want their children to speak Spanish.
Language development Literacy rate in first language: below 1% to 5%. Literacy rate in second language: 71% (official figure for rural areas). Taught in primary schools. Radio programs. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible: 1988.
Comments Differs from Cuzco Quechua in its borrowing of lexicon and morphology from Aymara. SOV. 100 to 5,500 meters. Christian, traditional religion.