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Shan

A language of Myanmar

ISO 639-3: shn

Population 3,200,000 in Myanmar (2001 Johnstone and Mandryk). Population includes 350,000 Tai Mao (1990 A. Diller ANU). Population total all countries: 3,260,000.
Region Shan States, southeast Myanmar. Kokant Shan is in the Kokant area in northern Wa State in the Shan States. Tai Mao is on the Burma-Yunnan border, centered at Mu'ang Mao Long or Namkham, Myanmar. Also spoken in China, Thailand.
Alternate names   Sha, Tai Shan, Sam, Thai Yai, Tai Yai, Great Thai, Tai Luang, Mau, "Ngio", "Ngiow", "Ngiaw", "Ngiao", "Ngeo"
Dialects Kokant Shan, Tai Mao (Mao, Maw, Mau, Tai Long, Northern Shan). Burmese Shan is spoken with regional dialect differences, but dialects are close linguistically. Tai-Khae (Khe) may be a dialect. Low intelligibility of Lü.
Classification Tai-Kadai, Kam-Tai, Be-Tai, Tai-Sek, Tai, Southwestern, Northwest
Language development Bible: 1892.
Comments Tai Mao have own script. Southern Shan traditionally written with a Burmese-like script which does not distinguish tone or some vowels. Plains. Agriculturalists: paddy rice; artisans (gold, silver, blacksmiths); shopkeepers. Buddhist.

Also spoken in:

Thailand

Language name   Shan
Population 60,000 in Thailand (2001 Johnstone and Mandryk).
Region Maehongson, Myuang Haeng, Chiangrai, Chiangmai, Maesai, Tak, on northwestern border.
Alternate names   Sha, Tai Shan, Sam, Tai Yay, Thai Yay, Great Thai, Tai Luang, "Ngio", "Ngiow", "Ngiaw", "Ngiao", "Ngeo"
Comments Plains. Agriculturalists: paddy rice; artisans (gold, silver, blacksmiths); shopkeepers. Buddhist, traditional religion, Christian.