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A language of Turkey (Asia)

ISO 639-3: tru

Population 3,000 in Turkey (1994 Hezy Mutzafi). Population total all countries: 84,000. Ethnic population: 50,000 to 70,000 (1994).
Region Southeastern Turkey, Mardin Province (originally). Also spoken in Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Germany, Iraq, Lebanon, Netherlands, Sweden, Syria, USA.
Alternate names   Suryoyo, Syryoyo, Turani, Süryani
Dialects Midyat, Midin, Kfarze, `Iwardo, Anhil, Raite. Related to Northeastern Aramaic varieties. Turoyo subdialects exhibit a cleavage between Town Turoyo (Midyat Turoyo), Village Turoyo, and Mixed (Village-Town) Turoyo. The latter is spoken mainly by the younger generation outside Tur `Abdin, Turkey, the language’s original location, and is gaining ground throughout the Jacobite diaspora in other countries.
Classification Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, Aramaic, Eastern, Central, Northwestern
Language use All speakers also use their national languages or local lingua francas, and some are multilingual.
Language development Syriac script. Bible portions: 1983.
Comments Known among scholars almost exclusively as 'Tûrôyo'. 'Suryoyo' is a popular name. 'Western Syriac' refers to the Classical Western Syriac liturgy and orthography used by Turoyo speakers. Christian (Jacobite).

Also spoken in:


Language name   Turoyo
Population 7,000 in Syria (1994). Ethnic population: 20,000 (1994).
Alternate names   Suryoyo, Syryoyo, Turani
Language use Used in the home. Western Syriac used in church, Arabic in schools and trade.
Comments Religious capital is in Damascus; formerly at Tur `Abdin, Turkey. Christian (Jacobite).