Languages of Armenia
Armenia. 3,018,000. National or official language: Armenian. Literacy rate: 99%. Immigrant languages: Georgian (1,560), Greek (1,300), Karachay-Balkar (320), Russian (14,800), Ukrainian (8,000). The number of individual languages listed for Armenia is 7. Of those, all are living languages.
3,140,000 in Armenia (2001 census). Population total all countries: 6,376,520. Widespread. Also in Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Canada, Cyprus, Egypt, Estonia, France, Georgia, Greece, Honduras, Hungary, India, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Palestinian West Bank and Gaza, Romania, Russian Federation (Europe), Syria, Tajikistan, Turkey (Europe), Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United States, Uzbekistan.
Alternate names: Armjanski Yazyk, Ena, Ermeni Dili, Ermenice, Haieren, Somkhuri.
Dialects: Eastern Armenian, Erevan (Eriwan), Tbilisi (Tiflis), Karabagh, Shamakhi (Schamachi), Astrakhan (Astrachan), Dzhulfa (Dschugha, Dschulfa), Agulis, Khvoy-Salmst (Choi-Salmst), Urmia-Maragheh (Urmia-Maragha), Artvin (Artwin), Karin (Erzurum, Erzerum), Mus (Musch), Van (Wan), Tigranakert (Diyarbakir, Diarbekir), Kharberd (Charberd, Erzincan, Erzenka), Shabin-Karahissar (Schabin-Karahissar), Trabzon (Trapezunt), Hamshen (Hamschen), Malatya (Malatia), Kilikien, Syria (Syrien), Arabkir, Ararat, Akn, Sebaste, Ewdokia (Tokat), Smyrna (Izmir), North Komedia, Constantinople (Konstantinopel, Istanbul), Rodosto, Crimea (Krim), Ashkharik. Dialects in all countries reportedly inherently intelligible. Eastern Armenian (4,341,000) in Armenia and its Turkish and Iranian borderlands; Western Armenian (879,612) used elsewhere and only understood by some in Iran. In Syria, people in Kessaberen (northeastern mountain village of Kessab) and Musa Dagh village (now relocated to Lebanon) speak related varieties which other Western Armenian speakers do not understand. Most Kessaberen users now learn Western Armenian. Western (Turkish) Armenian and Ararat (Russian) are easily intelligible.
Classification: Indo-European, Armenian
|Armenian Sign Language|
3,500 in Armenia (2001 census). Ethnic population: 15,000. Transcaucasia, Erevan and scattered.
Alternate names: Aisorski, Sooreth.
Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, Aramaic, Eastern, Central, Northeastern
Alternate names: Azerbaydzhani, Azeri Turk, Turkler.
Dialects: Kuba, Derbent, Baku, Semakha, Saliany, Lenkoran, Kazakh, Airym, Borcala, Terekeme, Kyzylbash, Nukha, Zakataly (Mugaly), Kutkasen, Erevan, Nakhichevan, Ordubad, Kirovabad, Susa (Karabakh), Karapapak.
Classification: Altaic, Turkic, Southern, Azerbaijani
50 in Armenia (2004). Armenia, south Caucasus. Also in Azerbaijan, Russian Federation (Europe), Syria.
Alternate names: Armenian Bosa, Armenian Bosha, Bosa, Bosha.
Dialects: Gramatically restructured like Armenian with phonology and lexicon also influenced by Armenian.
Classification: Mixed language, Armenian-Romani