Languages of Burundi
Republic of Burundi, Republika y’Uburundi. Formerly part of Ruanda-Urundi. 7,859,000. National or official languages: French, Rundi, Swahili. Literacy rate: 14%–30%. Immigrant languages: Rwanda (900). Information mainly from J. Bendor-Samuel and Hartell 1989. Blind population: 11,000 (1982 WCE). The number of individual languages listed for Burundi is 3. Of those, all are living languages.
4,600,000 in Burundi (1986). Population total all countries: 4,851,000. Also in Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda.
Alternate names: Kirundi, Urundi.
Dialects: Ikibo, Ikirundi, Ikiragane, Igisoni, Ikinyabweru, Ikiyogoma, Ikimoso (Urumoso). Dialects Hutu and Tutsi of Rwanda [kin] are similar to Rundi. The Twa dialect is distinct, but all are inherently intelligible and also intelligible with the Kinyarwanda dialect of Rwanda.
Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, J, Rwanda-Rundi (J.60)
6,360 in Burundi (2000). Widelyspread in the capital. L1 in Buyenzi, Quartier asiatique, Muslim neighborhoods, and Congolese neighborhoods (probably Congo Swahili). Spoken by Muslims in other cities like Gitega.
Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, G, Swahili (G.40)