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Languages of Congo

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Republic of the Congo, République du Congo, Congo Brazzaville. Formerly People’s Republic of the Congo. 3,610,000. National or official languages: Lingala, Kituba, French. Literacy rate: 63%–80% (1996). Immigrant languages: Greek (400), Hausa (4,000), Portuguese (600), Sango (54,000). Information mainly from J. Bendor-Samuel and Hartell 1989;A. Jacquot 1971; SIL 1982–2007. Blind population: 4,000 (1982 WCE). The number of individual languages listed for Congo is 62. Of those, all are living languages.
Aka

[axk] 15,000 in Congo (Cavalli-Sforza 1986). Northeast corner. Alternate names: Babinga, Beka, Binga, Mòáka, Yaka.  Dialects: Basese (Eastern Aka), Bambenzele (Western Aka).  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Ngando (C.10) 
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Akwa

[akw] 24,100 (2000). Cuvette region, Makoua District. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Mbosi (C.30) 
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Bangandu

[bgf]  Sangha region, along Cameroon border. Alternate names: Bagando, Bangando.  Dialects: Baagato, North Bangato.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Adamawa-Ubangi, Ubangi, Gbaya-Manza-Ngbaka, Southwest 
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Beembe

[beq] 3,200 (2004). Bouenza region, Mouyondzi District. Alternate names: Bembe, Kibeembe.  Dialects: Keenge (Kikeenge), Yari (Kiyari). A dialect subgroup.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, H, Kongo (H.10) 
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Bekwil

[bkw] 9,600 in Congo (2003). Population total all countries: 12,060. Sangha region, along Cameroon border, near Gabon border, almost to Ouesso. Also in Cameroon, Gabon. Alternate names: Bakwele, Bakwil, Bekwel.  Dialects: Similar to Konabembe [mgg]. Lexical similarity: 85% with Koonzime [ozm].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Makaa-Njem (A.80) 
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Bobangi

[bni] 60,400 in Congo (2000). Cuvette region, Mossaka District, on Congo River. Alternate names: Bangi, Bubangi, Bungi, Dzamba, Lobobangi, Rebu.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Bangi-Ntomba (C.40) 
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Bomitaba

[zmx] 9,600 in Congo (2000). Population total all countries: 9,820. Likouala region, Epena District, along Likouala-aux-Herbes River. Also in Central African Republic. Alternate names: Bamitaba, Leke, Mbomitaba, Mbomotaba.  Dialects: Northern Bomitaba (Matoki), Central Bomitaba (Epena). Related to Bongili [bui].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Ngundi (C.20) 
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Bomwali

[bmw] 33,200 in Congo (2002). Population total all countries: 39,280. Sangha region, Ouesso area. Also in Cameroon. Alternate names: Bomali, Boumoali, Bumali, Lino, Sangasanga.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Makaa-Njem (A.80) 
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Bongili

[bui] 4,000. Sangha region, Sangha River area, southeast of Ouesso, to Pikounda area; southwest of Ouesso, Liouesso area. Alternate names: Bokiba, Bongiri, Bungili, Bungiri.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Ngundi (C.20) 
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Bonjo

[bok] 3,000. Likouala region, Dongou and Impfondo districts, Oubangui, Motaba, and Ibenga river areas. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Adamawa-Ubangi, Ubangi, Gbaya-Manza-Ngbaka, East 
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Bwisi

[bwz] 3,020 in Congo (2000). Population total all countries: 4,250. Niari region, Kibangou District, Banda area, on Gabon border. Also in Gabon. Alternate names: Ibwisi, Mbwisi.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Sira (B.40) 
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Dibole

[bvx] 4,000 (1989 SIL). Ethnic population: 4,000 to 5,000. Northeast, South Epena District. 16 villages. Alternate names: Babole, Southern Bomitaba.  Dialects: Northern Dibole (Dzeke), Central Dibole (Kinami), Southern Dibole (Bouanila).  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Ngundi (C.20) 
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Doondo

[dde] 3,020 (2000). Bouenza region; Nkayi, Madingou, Mfouati, and Boko-Songho districts. Alternate names: Dondo, Kidoondo.  Dialects: A member of the Kongo subgroup.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, H, Kongo (H.10) 
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Fang

[fan] 8,100 in Congo (2007). Extreme northwest. Alternate names: Pahouin, Pamue.  Dialects: Make, Ntum, Ogowe.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Yaunde-Fang (A.70) 
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French

[fra] 28,000 in Congo (1993).  Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Gallo-Romance, Gallo-Rhaetian, Oïl, French 
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Gbaya

[gya] 2,000 in Congo (Johnstone 1993). Sangha region, scattered on Cameroon border areas. Alternate names: Baya, Northwest Gbaya.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Adamawa-Ubangi, Ubangi, Gbaya-Manza-Ngbaka, Northwest 
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Kaamba

[xku] 3,020 (2000). Bouenza region; Nkayi, Madingou, Mfouati, and Boko-Songho districts. Alternate names: Kikaamba.  Dialects: A member of the Kongo subgroup.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, H, Kongo (H.10) 
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Kako

[kkj] 9,060 in Congo (2002). Extreme north Likouala region, Ibenga and Motaba rivers, scattered. Alternate names: Kaka, Nkoxo, Yaka.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Kako (A.90) 
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Kituba

[mkw] 1,160,000 (1987 SIL). Mainly between Brazzaville and Pointe-Noire. Alternate names: Kikoongo, Munukutuba.  Dialects: Similar to Kituba [ktu] of Democratic Republic of the Congo.  Classification: Creole, Kongo based 
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Koongo

[kng] 1,000,000 in Congo (2007 WLR). Pool region, Boko area, west and northwest of Brazzaville. Alternate names: Congo, Kikongo, Kikoongo, Kongo.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, H, Kongo (H.10) 
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Kota

[koq] 9,060 in Congo (2000). Cuvette region, west of Mbomo; Sangha region, Liouesso area. Alternate names: Ikota, Ikuta.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Kele (B.20) 
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Koyo

[koh] 1,000. Cuvette region, Owando District, Owando area. Alternate names: Ekoyo, Kouyou.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Mbosi (C.30) 
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Kunyi

[njx] 52,000 (1984 census). Bouenza and Niari regions, south and southeast from Makabana to Democratic Republic of the Congo border. Alternate names: Kikunyi, Kugni.  Dialects: Nyaanga (Kinyaanga). A member of the Kongo subgroup.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, H, Kongo (H.10) 
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Laari

[ldi] 90,600 in Congo (2000). South of Pool region, west and northwest of Brazzaville. Also in Angola. Alternate names: Kilari, Laadi, Ladi, Lari.  Dialects: Ghaangala (Kighaangala, Hangala).  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, H, Kongo (H.10) 
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Likuba

[kxx] 30,200 (2000). Cuvette region, on Congo River, above Sangha River mouth. Alternate names: Kuba.  Dialects: Mutual intelligibility with Likwala [kwc].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Mbosi (C.30) 
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Likwala

[kwc] 45,300 (2000). Cuvette region, on lower reaches of Likouala-Mossaka, Sangha, and Likouala-aux-Herbes rivers. Alternate names: Ekwala, Kwala, Likouala.  Dialects: Mutual intelligibility with Likuba [kxx].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Mbosi (C.30) 
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Lingala

[lin] 90,600 in Congo (2000). Mainly Brazzaville and north. Alternate names: Ngala.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Bangi-Ntomba (C.40), Lusengo 
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Lumbu

[lup] 3,020 in Congo (2000). Niari region, Kibangou District, between Kibangou and Gabon border. Alternate names: Ilumbu.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Sira (B.40) 
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Mbandja

[zmz] 9,060 in Congo (2000). Extreme north Likouala region, Oubangui River area. Alternate names: Banja, Mbanja, Mbanza.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Adamawa-Ubangi, Ubangi, Banda, Southern 
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Mbangwe

[zmn] 1,510 in Congo (2000). Lekoumou region, Bambama District, small groups. Alternate names: M’bahouin, Mbahouin.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Kele (B.20) 
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Mbere

[mdt] 60,400 in Congo (2000). Population total all countries: 105,900. Cuvette-West region, Kelle and north Ewo districts. Also in Gabon. Alternate names: Limbede, Mbédé, Mbété.  Dialects: Ngwii. Related to Kaningi [kzo], Ndumu [nmd], Yangho [ynh]. Lexical similarity: 77% with Mbamba [mbm], 76% with Ngungwel [ngz], 74% with Northern Teke [teg], 70% with Tsaayi.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Mbere (B.60) 
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Mboko

[mdu] 27,200 (2000). Cuvette region, west Makoua District. Alternate names: Mboxo, Mbuku.  Dialects: Ngare. A dialect subgroup.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Mbosi (C.30) 
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Mbosi

[mdw] 108,000 (2000). Cuvette region, Owando and Mossaka districts, south of Owando; Plateaux region, Abala District. Alternate names: Embosi, Mbochi, Mboshe, Mboshi.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Mbosi (C.30) 
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Moi

[mow] 3,020 (2000). Oubangui River west bank, Alima River mouth, south of Mossaka. Alternate names: Lemoi.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Bangi-Ntomba (C.40) 
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Monzombo

[moj] 6,000 in Congo (Johnstone 1993). Population total all countries: 12,600. Extreme northeast, on Oubangui River. Also in Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Alternate names: Mondjembo, Monjombo, Munzombo.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Adamawa-Ubangi, Ubangi, Sere-Ngbaka-Mba, Ngbaka-Mba, Ngbaka, Western, Monzombo 
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Mpyemo

[mcx]  Sangha region, along Cameroon border. Alternate names: Bimu, Mbimou, Mbimu, Mbyemo, Mpo.  Dialects: Jasoa (Jasua), Bidjuki (Bidjouki), Mpyemo.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Makaa-Njem (A.80) 
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Ndasa

[nda] 4,530 in Congo (2000). Population total all countries: 6,990. Lekoumou region, west of Zanaga. Also in Gabon. Alternate names: Andasa.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Kele (B.20) 
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Ngbaka

[nga] 3,650 in Congo (2000). Likouala region, Oubangui River west bank, between Impfondo and Congo River confluence. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Adamawa-Ubangi, Ubangi, Gbaya-Manza-Ngbaka, East 
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Ngbaka Ma’bo

[nbm] 90,600 in Congo (2000).  Alternate names: Bouaka, Bwaka, Gbala, Ma’bo, Mbacca, Mbaka, Nbwaka, Ngbaka Limba.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Adamawa-Ubangi, Ubangi, Sere-Ngbaka-Mba, Ngbaka-Mba, Ngbaka, Western, Bwaka 
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Ngom

[nra] 4,530 in Congo (2000). Cuvette-West region, northwest of Mbomo. Alternate names: Angom, Bangom, Bangomo, Ongom, Ungom.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Kele (B.20) 
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Ngundi

[ndn] 3,000 in Congo (2004). Sangha region, east of Ouesso. Also in Central African Republic. Alternate names: Ingundi, Ngondi.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, C, Ngundi (C.20) 
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Ngungwel

[ngz] 45,000 (1988 SIL). Plateaux Province, Gamboma District. Alternate names: Engungwel, Ngangoulou, Ngungulu, Northeastern Teke.  Dialects: Mpu (Mpumpum). Lexical similarity: 89% with Boo [ebo], 81% with Kukua [kkw], 77% with Teghe [teg], 76% with Tsaayi [tyi] and Mbere [mdt], 75% with Tyee [tyx], 68% with Laali [lli], 61% with Yaa [iyx].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Teke (B.70) 
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Njebi

[nzb] 15,100 in Congo (2000). Niari Province, Mayoko District. Alternate names: Binzabi, Injebi, Ndjabi, Njabi, Njevi, Nzebi, Yinjebi, Yinzebi.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Njebi (B.50) 
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Njyem

[njy] 3,500 in Congo. 85% monolingual. Sangha region, Souanke District, along paths leading north to Cameroon. Alternate names: Djem, Dzem, Ndjem, Ndjeme, Ndzem, Ngyeme, Njem, Nyem.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Makaa-Njem (A.80) 
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Ombamba

[mbm] 15,100 in Congo (2000). Population total all countries: 24,800. Lekoumou region, Bambama District. Also in Gabon. Alternate names: Lembaamba, Mbaama, Mbama, Mbamba.  Dialects: Lexical similarity: 81% with Teghe [teg], 77% with Mbere [mdt], 66% with Tsaayi [tyi].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Mbere (B.60) 
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Pomo

[pmm] 5,430 in Congo (2000). Sangha region, north of Ouesso, on Cameroon and Central African Republic borders. Alternate names: Congo Pol, Pol, Pori, Pul.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Kako (A.90) 
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Punu

[puu] 9,060 in Congo (2000). Total of all Sira-Punu languages in Congo 80,000. Nyari region toward Gabon border. Alternate names: Ipounou, Ipunu, Pouno, Puno, Yipunu.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Sira (B.40) 
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Suundi

[sdj] 121,000 (2000). Bouenza and Niari regions, Kimongo area, south and southeast from Makabana to Democratic Republic of the Congo border. Alternate names: Kisuundi, Suundi de Kimongo.  Dialects: A member of the Kongo subgroup.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, H, Kongo (H.10) 
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Teke-Eboo

[ebo] 20,400 in Congo (2000). 454,000 all Teke languages in Congo (Johnstone and Mandryk 2001). Pool region east to Congo River. Also in Democratic Republic of the Congo. Alternate names: Bamboma, Boma, Boo, Boõ, Central Teke, Eboo Teke, Eboom, Iboo, Teke-Boma.  Dialects: Eboo is the language of the ancient Teke kings. Lexical similarity: 63% with Iyaa, 69% with Laali [lli], 75% with Tsaayi [tyi], 85% with Tyee [tyx], 86% with Kukua [kkw], 89% with Ngungwel [ngz], 79% with Tege [teg].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Teke (B.70) 
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Teke-Fuumu

[ifm] 8,150 (2000). Pool region. Fuumu is north of Brazzaville; Wuumu is north and northwest to Lefini River. Alternate names: Kiteke, South Central Teke, Teke du Pool.  Dialects: Fuumu (Ifuumu, Mfumu), Wuumu (Iwuumu, Wumbu).  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Teke (B.70) 
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Teke-Ibali

[tek] 36,200 in Congo (2000). Pool region, Brazzaville area, on Congo River. Alternate names: Eastern Teke, Ibali, Kiteke.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Teke (B.70) 
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Teke-Kukuya

[kkw] 38,800 (2000). Plateaux Province, Lekana District, east of Leketi River. Alternate names: Chikuya, Kikuwa, Koukouya, Kukwa, Southern Teke.  Dialects: Lexical similarity: 86% with Boo [ebo], 85% with Tyee [tyx], 81% with Ngungwel [ngz], 80% with Tsaayi [tyi], 79% with Teghe [teg], 75% with Laali [lli], 70% with Yaa [iyx].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Teke (B.70) 
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Teke-Laali

[lli] 2,100 (2006). Lekoumou region, south of Komono. Alternate names: Ilaali.  Dialects: Lexical similarity: 81% with Tsaayi [tyi], 78% with Tyee [tyx].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Teke (B.70) 
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Teke-Nzikou

[nzu] 490,000 all Teke languages in Congo (Johnstone 1993). Plateaux region, around Djambala. Alternate names: Njiunjiu, Njyunjyu.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Teke (B.70) 
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Teke-Tege

[teg] 49,300 in Congo (2000). 9,000 Nzkini, 15,000 Teghe. Population total all countries: 65,000. Cuvette region, Ewo and Okoyo districts; Plateaux region, Abala District, west of Mpama River. Also in Gabon. Alternate names: Iteghe, Northern Teke, Teghe, Teke Alima, Teke Kali.  Dialects: Kateghe (Nzikini), Keteghe. Lexical similarity: 81% with Mbamba [mbm], 79% with Kukua [kkw], 77% with Ngungwel [ngz], 76% with Boo [ebo], 75% with Tyee [tyx], 74% with Mbere [mdt], 73% with Laali [lli] and Tsaayi [tyi], 67% with Teghe [teg].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Teke (B.70) 
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Teke-Tsaayi

[tyi] 95,900 in Congo (2000). Population total all countries: 129,500. North Lekoumou region, east of Mossendjo. Also in Gabon. Alternate names: Getsaayi, Tsaya, Tsaye, Tsayi.  Dialects: Lexical similarity: 76% with Tyee [tyx], 80% with Kukua [kkw].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Teke (B.70) 
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Teke-Tyee

[tyx] 14,400. 490,000 all Teke languages in Congo (Johnstone 1993). Lekoumou region, Bouenza. Alternate names: West Teke.  Dialects: Lexical similarity: 85% with Kukuya [kkw] and Eboo [ebo].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Teke (B.70) 
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Tsaangi

[tsa] 13,600 in Congo (2000). Population total all countries: 22,210. Niari region, north and northwest of Mossendjo. Also in Gabon. Alternate names: Icaangi, Itsangi, Tcengui, Tchangui.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Njebi (B.50) 
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Vili

[vif] 7,310 in Congo (2000). Population total all countries: 11,000. Kouilou Province, coast between Angola and Gabon borders; Yoombe Island. Also in Gabon. Alternate names: Civili, Fiot, Fiote, Tsivili.  Dialects: Yoombe (Yombe, Ciyoombe). A dialect subgroup.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, H, Kongo (H.10) 
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Wumbvu

[wum]  Niari region, north to Gabon border. Alternate names: Wumvu.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Kele (B.20) 
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Yaka

[iyx] 10,000 (1988). Lekoumou region, Sibiti area. Alternate names: Iyaka, West Teke, Yaa.  Dialects: Lexical similarity: 91% with Laali [lli], 74% with Tsaayi [tyi], 69% with Tyee [tyx].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Teke (B.70) 
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Yombe

[yom] 348,000 in Congo (2000).  Alternate names: Bayombe, Kiombi, Kiyombe.  Dialects: Mbala (Mumbala), Vungunya (Kivungunya, Yombe Classique).  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, H, Kongo (H.10) 
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