Languages of ChileSee language map.
Republic of Chile, República de Chile. 16,295,000. National or official language: Spanish. Literacy rate: 92%–95%. Immigrant languages: Catalan-Valencian-Balear, Croatian, English, Hunsrik, Italian, Standard German (35,000), Vlax Romani. Information mainly from N. Besnier 1992; Grete Mostny 1965; SIL 1969-2003; A. Tovar 1961, 1966; A. Tovar and L. Tovar 1984; S. Wurm and S. Hattori 1981. Blind population: 100,000. Deaf population: 845,849. Deaf institutions: 7. The number of individual languages listed for Chile is 11. Of those, 9 are living languages and 2 have no known speakers.
|Chilean Sign Language|
2,000 (1982 SIL). South of Mapuche, Tenth region, Valdivia to Chiloé.
Alternate names: Huiliche, Veliche.
Dialects: Tsesungún. Related to Mapudungun [arn], but barely intelligible with it.
No known speakers. A few were located in 1949 and since by anthropologists. Ethnic population: 2,000 (2000 W. Adelaar). Peine, Socaire (Salar de Atacama), and Caspana.
Alternate names: Atacameño, Likanantaí, Lipe, Ulipe.
Dialects: Greenberg places it in Macro-Chibchan.
200,000 in Chile (1982 SIL). Population total all countries: 300,039. Ethnic population: 604,349 (2002). Between Itata and Tolten rivers. Also in Argentina, United States.
Alternate names: “Araucano” , Mapuche, Mapudungu.
Dialects: Moluche (Ngoluche, Manzanero), Picunche, Pehuenche. Easy intelligibility among dialects. Pehuenche and Moluche are very similar.
12 (2006). 10 in Puerto Edin. Ethnic population: 2,622. West Patagonia, Channel region, Isle of Wellington off south Chilean coast, 49 degrees south. Center is Puerto Edin.
Alternate names: Alacaluf, Alacalufe, Halakwulup, Kaweskar, Kawesqar.
Dialects: Aksanás (Aksana).
3,390 in Chile (2000). 2,200 on Easter Island; 200 to 300 on Chile mainland, Tahiti, and USA. Ethnic population: 3,500. Easter Island, 3,800 km from Chile, 4,000 km from Tahiti. Also in French Polynesia, United States.
Alternate names: Easter Island, Pascuense, Rapanui.
Dialects: Lexical similarity: 64% with Hawaiian [haw], Mangareva [mrv], Rarotongan [rar]; 63% with Marquesan [mrq]; 62% with Tahitian [tah], Tuamotuan.
Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, East, Rapanui
13,800,000 in Chile (1995). 25% Spanish, 66% mestizo.
Alternate names: Castellano, Español.
Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Ibero-Romance, West Iberian, Castilian
1 (2003). Ethnic population: 100 (2000 W. Adelaar). Patagonia, Isla Navarino, Puerto Williams, Ukika hamlet.
Alternate names: Tequenica, Yagán, Yaghan.
Dialects: Most similar to Qawasqar [alc], and had some relationship to Siane [snp] (Tovar 1961). Earlier there were up to 5 dialects.
Classification: Language isolate