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Languages of Cameroon

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Republic of Cameroon. Formerly French Cameroun and British Cameroons. 17,795,000. National or official languages: English, French. Literacy rate: 63.4%, including 75% males, 52.1% females (Encyclopedia Britannica 1995). Immigrant languages: Efai (890). Information mainly from J. Bendor-Samuel and Hartell 1989; R. Breton 1991; SIL 1973–2003. Blind population: 15,630 (1982 WCE). The number of individual languages listed for Cameroon is 286. Of those, 278 are living languages, 3 are second languages without mother-tongue speakers, and 5 have no known speakers.
Abar

[mij] 2,000 (2001 SIL). North West Province, Menchum Division, Wum Subdivision, Missong is center, with Munken, Abar, Ngun (Ngwen) and Za’ (Zak or Biya) villages. Alternate names: Mijong, Missong.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Beboid, Western 
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Afade

[aal] 5,000 in Cameroon (2004). Far North Province, Logone-and-Chari Division, south Makari Subdivision, Afade area. Alternate names: Afadeh, Affade.  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Chadic, Biu-Mandara, B, B.1, Kotoko Proper, North 
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Aghem

[agq] 26,700 (2000). North West Province, Menchum Division, Wum Central Subdivision, Wum area. Alternate names: Wum, Yum.  Dialects: Similar to Isu [isu], Weh [weh]. Minimal regional differences in speech.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Wide Grassfields, Narrow Grassfields, Ring, West 
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Akoose

[bss] 100,000 (2001 SIL). South West Province, Kupe-Muanenguba Division, Bangem and Tombel Subdivisions; Littoral Province, Moungo Division, Manjo Subdivision. Alternate names: Akosi, Bakossi, Bekoose, Koose, Kosi, Nkoosi, Nkosi.  Dialects: Northern Bakossi, Western Bakossi, Southern Bakossi, Mwambong, Ninong, Elung (Elong, Along, Nlong), Mwamenam (Mouamenam).  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Lundu-Balong (A.10), Ngoe 
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Akum

[aku] 1,400 in Cameroon (2002 SIL). Nigeria border area, North West Province, Menchum Division, Furu-Awa Subdivision, Akum village. Also in Nigeria. Alternate names: Anyar, Okum.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Jukunoid, Yukuben-Kuteb 
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Ambele

[ael] 2,600 (2000 SIL). North West Province, Momo Division, west Widikum-Menka Subdivision. About 11 villages. Dialects: May be related to Busam [bxs] or Atong [ato].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Wide Grassfields, Western Momo 
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Arabic, Shuwa

[shu] 75,000 in Cameroon (2007). Far North Province, Mayo-Sava, Diamare, Mayo-Danay, and Logone-and-Chari divisions; mostly between Lake Chad and Kousseri, with pockets south of Kousseri. Alternate names: Arabe Choa, Chadian Spoken Arabic, Choa, Shoa Arabic, Shoa, Shua.  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic 
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Atong

[ato] 4,200 (2000 SIL). Northwest Province, Momo Division, extreme northwest Widikum-Menka Subdivision. 5 villages. Alternate names: Etoh.  Dialects: Related to Menka [mea], Manta [myg].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Wide Grassfields, Western Momo 
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Awing

[azo] 19,000 (2001 SIL). North West Province, Mezam Division, Awing-Bambaluwe village. Alternate names: Awi, Bambuluwe, Mbwe’wi.  Dialects: Related to Bafut [bfd], Bambili-Bambui [baw], Kpati [koc], Mendankwe-Nkwen [mfd], Ngemba [nge], Pinyin [pny]. Lexical similarity: 74% with Bamukumbit [bqt].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Wide Grassfields, Narrow Grassfields, Mbam-Nkam, Ngemba 
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Baba

[bbw] 24,500 (2005 SIL). North West Province, Ngo Ketunjia Division, Babessi Subdivision, east of Ndop on Ndop Plain. Alternate names: Baba 1, Bapa, Bapakum, Papia, Supapya’.  Dialects: Related to Mungaka [mhk].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Wide Grassfields, Narrow Grassfields, Mbam-Nkam, Nun 
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Babanki

[bbk] 22,500 (2000 SIL). North West Province, Mezam Division, Tuba Subdivision, villages of Kejom-Ketingo and Kejom-Keku. Alternate names: Finge, Kedjom, Kejeng, Kejom, Kidzem, Kidzom.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Wide Grassfields, Narrow Grassfields, Ring, Center 
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Bafanji

[bfj] 17,000 (2008). North West Province, Ngo-Ketunjia Division, south of Ndop on Ndop Plain. Alternate names: Bafangi, Bafanyi, Chuufi, Nchufie.  Dialects: Similar to Bamali [bbq], Bamenyam [bce], Bambalang [bmo].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Wide Grassfields, Narrow Grassfields, Mbam-Nkam, Nun 
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Bafaw-Balong

[bwt] 8,400 (1982 SIL). South West Province, Meme Division, north of Kumba along Kumba-Mamfe Road and southeast of Ekondo-Titi; Littoral Province, Moungo Division. Alternate names: Ngoe.  Dialects: Bafaw (Bafo, Bafowu, Afo, Nho, Lefo’), Balong (Balon, Balung, Nlong, Valongi, Bayi, Bai). Some linguists consider this 2 languages.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Lundu-Balong (A.10), Ngoe 
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Bafia

[ksf] 60,000 (1991 UBS). Center Province, Mbam and Inoubou Division, Bafia Subdivision. Alternate names: Bekpak, Rikpa, Rikpa’, Ripey.  Dialects: Kpa, Bape.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Bafia (A.50) 
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Bafut

[bfd] 105,000 (2005). North West Province, Mezam Division, Tuba Subdivision, Bafut. Alternate names: Befe, Bufe, Fu, Fut.  Dialects: Bafut, Bufe (Afughe).  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Wide Grassfields, Narrow Grassfields, Mbam-Nkam, Ngemba 
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Baka

[bkc] 40,000 in Cameroon (2007). 15,000 monolinguals, mainly women. Population total all countries: 43,200. Ethnic population: 40,000. Scattered in southeast East Province: Boumba and Ngoko, Kadey, and Upper Nyong divisions; South Province, Dja and Lobo divisions. Also in Gabon. Alternate names: Babinga, Bebayaga, Bebayaka, Bibaya, de L’est, Pygmee, Pygmees, Pygmy-E.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Adamawa-Ubangi, Ubangi, Sere-Ngbaka-Mba, Ngbaka-Mba, Ngbaka, Western, Baka-Gundi 
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Bakaka

[bqz] 30,000 (1998 SIL). Littoral Province, Moungo Division, Nlonako, Manjo, west Loum, and south Nkongsamba Subdivisions. Alternate names: Central Mbo.  Dialects: Babong (Ihobe Mbog, Ihobe Mboong), Baneka (Mwaneka), Bakaka (Ehob Mkaa, Kaa, Kaka), Manehas (Mwahed, Mwahet, Mvae), Balondo (Ehobe Belon), Bafun (Mbwase Nghuy, Miamilo, Pendia). Related to Akoose [bss], Bassossi [bsi], Mbo [mtk].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Lundu-Balong (A.10), Ngoe 
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Bakoko

[bkh] 50,000 (1982 SIL). Littoral Province, scattered communities: Wouri Division, south of Douala; Moungo Division, south of Dibombari; Nkam Division, Nkondjok area; Sanaga-Maritime Division, southwest of Edea; South Province, northwest Ocean Division. Alternate names: Basoo.  Dialects: Adie (Elog Mpoo, Basoo Ba Die, Basoo D’edea), Bisoo (Basso, Basoo Ba Likol, Adiangok), Mbang (Dimbambang), Yabyang (Yabyang-Yapeke), Yakalak (Yakalag), Yapoma, Yassuku (Yasoukou, Yasug, Yasuku).  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Basaa (A.40) 
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Bakole

[kme] 300 (1982 SIL). South West Province, Ndian Division, south of Meme estuary, Bamusso area. Alternate names: Bakolle, Bamusso, Kole.  Dialects: Intelligibility of Mokpwe [bri].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Duala (A.20) 
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Baldemu

[bdn] 4 (2003 SIL). Far North Province, Diamare Division, Bogo, Balda, and Guingley are east of Maroua; Lara is south of Maroua. Alternate names: Baldamu, Baldare, Mbazla.  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Chadic, Biu-Mandara, A, A.5  Nearly extinct.
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Balo

[bqo] 2,230 (2000). South West Province, Manyu Division, Akwaya Subdivision. Dialects: Lexical similarity: 60% with Osatu [ost], 40% with Ipulo [ass] and Caka [ckx], 35% with Esimbi [ags] and Mesaka [iyo].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Tivoid 
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Bamali

[bbq] 10,800 (2008). North West Province, Ngo-Ketunjia Division, Ndop Subdivision, south of Ndop. Alternate names: Chopechop, Ngoobechop.  Dialects: Related to Bafanji [bfj], Bamenyam [bce], Bambalang [bmo], Bangolan [bgj].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Wide Grassfields, Narrow Grassfields, Mbam-Nkam, Nun 
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Bambalang

[bmo] 29,000 (2008). North West Province, Ngo-Ketunjia Division, Ndop Subdivision, southeast of Ndop. Alternate names: Bambolang, Mboyakum, Tshirambo.  Dialects: Related to Bafanji [bfj], Bamenyam [bce], Bamun [bax], Bamali [bbq], Bangolan [bgj].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Wide Grassfields, Narrow Grassfields, Mbam-Nkam, Nun 
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Bambili-Bambui

[baw] 10,000 (Dieu and Renaud 1983). North West Province, Mezam Division, Tuba Subdivision, along Ring Road, east of Bamenda, Bambili, and Bambui villages. Alternate names: Bambili.  Dialects: Bambili (Mbili, Mbele, Mbogoe), Bambui (Mbui). Mutual inherent intelligibility is low with Mendankwe-Nkwen [mfd].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Wide Grassfields, Narrow Grassfields, Mbam-Nkam, Ngemba 
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Bamenyam

[bce] 4,000 (1994 SIL). West Province, Bamboutos Division, northwest Galim Subdivision, Bamenyam area; North West Province, southeast Mezam Division. Alternate names: Bamenyan, Mamenyan, Mengambo, Pamenyan.  Dialects: Bati [btc] may be a dialect of Bamenyam. Similar to Bamali [bbq], Bafanji [bfj], Bambalang [bmo].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Wide Grassfields, Narrow Grassfields, Mbam-Nkam, Nun 
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Bamukumbit

[bqt] 12,000 (2008). North West Province, Ngo-Ketunjia Division, Balikumbat Subdivision, southwest of Ndop on Ndop Plain, Bamukumbit village. Alternate names: Bamenkombit, Bamenkoumbit, Bamoukoumbit, Bamunkum, Mangkong.  Dialects: Lexical similarity: 74% with Awing [azo].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Wide Grassfields, Narrow Grassfields, Mbam-Nkam, Ngemba 
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Bamun

[bax] 215,000 (1982 SIL). West Province, most of Noun Division, Foumban area; extreme north Mifi Division; extreme southeast Bamboutos Division. Alternate names: Bamoum, Bamoun, Bamum, Shupamem.  Dialects: Related to Bafanji [bfj], Bamali [bbq], Bambalang [bmo], Bangolan [bgj].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Wide Grassfields, Narrow Grassfields, Mbam-Nkam, Nun 
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Bamunka

[bvm] 31,000 (2008). North West Province, Ngo Ketunjia Division, Ndop Subdivision, Bamunka village area. Alternate names: Bamunkun, Mbika, Muka, Ndop-Bamunka, Ngiemekohke, Niemeng.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Wide Grassfields, Narrow Grassfields, Ring, South 
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Bana

[bcw] 23,000 (2007). 14,000 Gamboura and 9,000 Guili. On Nigeria border, Far North Province, Mayo-Tsanaga Division, Bourrah Subdivision, north and northeast of Bourrah. Alternate names: Baza, Ka-Bana, Koma, Mizeran, Parole des Bana.  Dialects: Gamboura, Gili (Guili). Similar to Psikye [kvj], Hya [hya], Kamwe [hig].  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Chadic, Biu-Mandara, A, A.3 
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Bangandu

[bgf] 2,700 in Cameroon (Voegelin and Voegelin 1977). East Province, Boumba and Ngoko Division, Moloundou Subdivision. Also in Congo. Alternate names: Bagando, Bangando, Bangantu, Southern Bangantu.  Dialects: May be related to Ngombe [nmj] in Central African Republic.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Adamawa-Ubangi, Ubangi, Gbaya-Manza-Ngbaka, Southwest 
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Bangolan

[bgj] 13,500 (2000). North West Province, Ngo-Ketunjia Division, Babessi Subdivision, east of Ndop and south of Jakiri. Dialects: Most linguistically and culturally distinct of the Ndop languages. Most closely related to Bambalang [bmo].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Wide Grassfields, Narrow Grassfields, Mbam-Nkam, Nun 
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Bankon

[abb] 12,000 (2001 SIL). Littoral Province, Moungo Division, north of Douala and west of Wouri River, and Dibombari. Alternate names: Abaw, Abo, Bo, Bon.  Dialects: Lexical similarity: 86% with Barombi [bbi].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Basaa (A.40) 
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Barombi

[bbi] 3,000 (2001 SIL). South West Province, Meme Division, north of Mount Cameroon around Lake Barombi-Koto and west of Kumba around Lake Barombi-Mbo; and Ndian Division, northeast of Ekondo-Titi. Alternate names: Balombi, Barumbi, Lambi, Lombe, Lombi, Rambi, Rombi.  Dialects: Lexical similarity: 86% with Bankon [abb].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Basaa (A.40) 
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Basaa

[bas] 230,000 (1982 SIL). Center Province, spread throughout Nyong-and-Kelle Division; Littoral Province, Nkam and Sanaga-Maritime divisions. Alternate names: Basa, Bassa, Bicek, Bikyek, Bisaa, Mbele, Mee, Mvele, Northern Mbene, Tupen.  Dialects: Bakem, Bon, Bibeng, Diboum, Log, Mpo, Mbang, Ndokama, Basso, Ndokbele, Ndokpenda, Nyamtam.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Basaa (A.40) 
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Bassossi

[bsi] 5,000 (2004 SIL). South West Province, Kupe-Muanenguba Division, central part of Nguti Subdivision, Nguti town and east and south. Alternate names: Asobse, Basosi, Basossi, Ngen, Nsose, Nswase, Nswose, Sosi, Swose.  Dialects: Mienge (Lower Mbo). Related to Mbo [mbo], Akoose [bss], Bakaka [bqz].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Lundu-Balong (A.10), Ngoe 
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Bata

[bta] 2,500 in Cameroon. North Province, Benoue Division, along Nigeria border (30 km northeast of Garoua), along Benoue River, west of Garoua and along a section of Faro River. Alternate names: Batta, Dii, Gbwata, Gwate.  Dialects: Ndeewe (Bata-Ndeewe).  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Chadic, Biu-Mandara, A, A.8 
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Batanga

[bnm] 6,000 in Cameroon (1982 SIL). South Province, Ocean Division, Kribi area, scattered along the coast. Alternate names: Bano’o, Banoho, Banoo, Noho, Noku.  Dialects: Bano’o (Banoo, Banaka, Banoko), Bapuku (Puku, Poko, Naka, Bapuu), Batanga.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Bube-Benga (A.30) 
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Bati

[btc] 800 (1975 census). Littoral Province, Sanaga-Maritime Division, Ndom Subdivision, Bati Canton. 4 villages. Alternate names: Bati Ba Ngong, Bati de Brousse.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Mbam, West (A.40) 
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Beba

[bfp] 3,000 (2002 SIL). South West Province, Manyu Division, Akwaya Subdivision; North West Province, Mezam Division, Benakuma Subdivision. Alternate names: Baba’zhi, Babadji, Batadji, Bazhi, Beba’, Bebadji, Biba, Bombe, Mubadji, Shishong.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Wide Grassfields, Narrow Grassfields, Mbam-Nkam, Ngemba 
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Bebe

[bzv] 2,500 (2001 SIL). North West Province, Donga-Mantung Division, Misaje Subdivision, west of Nkambe and north of Ring Road, Bebe-Jama and Bebe-Jatto villages. Alternate names: Yi Be Wu.  Dialects: Member of the Eastern Beboid subgroup. Lexical similarity: 85% with Kemezung [dmo].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Beboid, Eastern 
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Bebele

[beb] 24,000 (Welmers 1971). Center Province, Upper Sanaga Division, Minta Subdivision; East Province, Lom-and Djerem Division, Diang Subdivision. Alternate names: Bamvele.  Dialects: Eki, Manyok. Related to Beti [btb], Bulu [bum], Eton [eto], Ewondo [ewo], Fang [fak], Mengisa [mct].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Yaunde-Fang (A.70) 
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Bebil

[bxp] 6,000 (1991 SIL). East Province, Lom-and-Djerem Division, Belabo Subdivision, Belabo area. Alternate names: Bobilis, Gbigbil.  Dialects: Related to Bebele [beb].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Yaunde-Fang (A.70) 
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Beezen

[bnz] 450 (2001 SIL). North West Province, Menchum Division, Furu-Awa Subdivision, Kpep (Beezen) village. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Jukunoid, Yukuben-Kuteb 
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Befang

[bby] 2,980 (2000). North West Province, straddling Mezam Division, Tuba Subdivision and Menchum Division, Wum Subdivision, around Befang. Alternate names: Beba-Befang, Biba-Bifang, Bifang, Menchum.  Dialects: Modele (Beekuru, Iku, Aku, Usheida, Modelle, Modeli, Idele, Ambabiko), Ushaku (Mukuru, Mokuru), Befang (Ge, Beba-Befang, Bifang, Abefang), Bangui (Bangwe, Bangwi), Obang, Okomanjang (Okoromandjang).  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Wide Grassfields, Menchum 
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Bekwil

[bkw]  East Province, Boumba-and-Ngoko Division, along Ngoko River north side, Moloundou area. Alternate names: Bakwele, Bakwil, Bekwel, Okpele.  Dialects: Esel (Essel).  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Makaa-Njem (A.80) 
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Beti

[btb] 2,000,000. Fang, Ewondo, Bulu, Mengisa, etc. Major part of Center and South provinces; East Province, Lom-and-Djerem and Upper Nyong divisions. Dialects: Related to Bebele [beb], Bebil [bxp], Bulu [bum], Eton [eto], Ewondo [ewo], Fang [fak], Mengisa [mct].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Yaunde-Fang (A.70) 
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Bikya

[byb] 1 (Breton 1986). North West Province, Menchum Division, Furu-Awa Subdivision, Furubana village. Alternate names: Furu.  Dialects: Reportedly in Furu subgroup (2000 B. Connell). May be Eastern Beboid. Lexical similarity: 24% with Noone [nhu] (Beboid), 14% with Akum [aku].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Unclassified  Nearly extinct.
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Bishuo

[bwh] 1 (Breton 1986). North West Province, Menchum Division, Furu-Awa Subdivision, Ntjieka, Furu-Turuwa, and Furu-Sambari villages. Alternate names: Biyam, Furu.  Dialects: Reportedly in Furu subgroup (2000 B. Connell). May be Jukunoid. Lexical similarity: 16%–17% with Noone [nhu], 11% with Bikya [byb].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Unclassified  Nearly extinct.
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Bitare

[brt] 6,030 in Cameroon (2000). Adamawa Province, Mayo-Banyo Division, near Banyo. Alternate names: Njwande, Yukutare.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Tivoid 
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Bokyi

[bky] 3,700 in Cameroon. South West Province, Manyu Division, Akwaya Subdivision, along Nigeria border northwest of Mamfe. Alternate names: Boki, Byoki, Nfua, Nki, Okii, Osikom, Osukam, Uki, Vaaneroki.  Dialects: Basua, Boki, Iruan.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Cross River, Bendi 
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Bomwali

[bmw] 6,080 in Cameroon (2000). East of Moloundou, Malapa village. Alternate names: Bomali, Boumoali, Bumali, Lino, “Sangasanga”.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Makaa-Njem (A.80) 
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Bonkeng

[bvg] 2,980 (2000). Littoral Province, Moungo Division, Loum Subdivision. Alternate names: Bongken, Bonkeng-Pendia, Bonkenge.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Lundu-Balong (A.10) 
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Bubia

[bbx] 600 (Voegelin and Voegelin 1977). South West Province, Fako Division, Limbe Subdivision. Alternate names: Bobe, Bobea, Bota, Ewota, Wovea.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Duala (A.20) 
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Buduma

[bdm] 200 in Cameroon. Far North Province, Logone and Chari Division, islands of Lake Chad. Alternate names: Boudouma, Yadena, Yedima, Yedina.  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Chadic, Biu-Mandara, B, B.1, Buduma 
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Bulu

[bum] 858,000 (2007). South Province, entire Ntem and Dja-and-Lobo divisions; south Upper Sanaga Division; Center Province, north Nyong-and-Mfoumou Division; East Province, part of Upper Nyong Division. Alternate names: Boulou.  Dialects: Yelinda, Yembana, Yengono, Zaman, Bene. Intelligible with Eton [eto], Ewondo [ewo], and Fang [fak] as part of the Beti group. Different from Bulu [syi] (Sekiyani) of Gabon.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Yaunde-Fang (A.70) 
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Bum

[bmv] 21,400 (2001 SIL). North West Province, Boyo Division, Bum Subdivision, mainly Fonfuka village. Alternate names: Bom.  Dialects: Lexical similarity: 71% with Kom [bkm].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Wide Grassfields, Narrow Grassfields, Ring, Center 
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Bung

[bqd] 3 (1995 B. Connell). Near the Kwanja [knp]. Dialects: It may have been a form of Kwanja.  Classification: Unclassified  Nearly extinct.
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Busam

[bxs] 1,490 (2000). North West Province, Momo Division, Batibo Subdivision, Bifang, Ambambo, and Dinku villages. Dialects: Related to Ambele [ael], Atong [ato].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Wide Grassfields, Western Momo 
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Busuu

[bju] 8 (Breton 1986). North West Province, Menchum Division, Furu-Awa Subdivision, Furu-Awa and Furu-Nangwa villages. Alternate names: Awa, Furu.  Dialects: Reportedly in Furu subgroup (2000 B. Connell). May be Jukunoid. Lexical similarity: 10% with Jukun languages, 7%–8% with Beboid languages.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Unclassified  Nearly extinct.
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Buwal

[bhs] 7,000 (2001 SIL). Far North Province, Mayo-Tsanaga Division, Mokolo Subdivision, Gadala area, south of Mokolo. Alternate names: Bual, Gadala, Ma Buwal.  Dialects: Lexical similarity: 90% with Gavar [gou].  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Chadic, Biu-Mandara, A, A.7 
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Byep

[mkk] 9,500 (1988 SIL). East Province, north Upper Nyong Division, Messamena, Abong-Mbang, Doume, Nguelemendouka subdivisions; Lom and Djerem Division, east Diang Subdivision, west of Bertoua. Alternate names: Maka, Makya, Meka, Mekae, Mekay, Mekey, Mekye, Mika, Moka, North Makaa.  Dialects: Byep, Besep (Besha, Bindafum). Not intelligible with South Makaa [mcp]. Related to South Makaa and Kol [biw].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Makaa-Njem (A.80) 
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Caka

[ckx] 5,000 (Dieu and Renaud 1983). South West Province, Manyu Division, Akwaya Subdivision, Asaka, Basaka and Batanga villages. Dialects: Assaka (Adzu Balaka), Batanga (Adzu Batanga). Lexical similarity: 50% with Ipulo [ass], 40% with Balo [bqo], Osatu [ost], Iceve-Maci [bec], and Otank [uta], 35% with Esimbi [ags], 30% with Mesaka [iyo], 80% between the Assaka and Batanga dialects.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Tivoid 
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Cung

[cug] 2,000 (2001 SIL). North West Province, Menchum Division, west of Nkambe, northeast of Wum. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Beboid, Eastern 
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Cuvok

[cuv] 5,000 (Dieu and Renaud 1983). Far North Province, Mayo-Tsanaga Division, Mokolo Subdivision, Tchouvok area, Matakam South Canton, near Zamay. Alternate names: Tchouvok.  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Chadic, Biu-Mandara, A, A.5 
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Daba

[dbq] 24,000 in Cameroon (2007). Population total all countries: 25,000. North Province, Mayo-Louti Division, northwest of Guider in Mayo-Oulo and Guider subdivisions; Far North Province, Mayo-Tsanaga Division, Hina and Bourrah subdivisions. Also in Nigeria. Alternate names: Dabba.  Dialects: Nive, Pologozom.  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Chadic, Biu-Mandara, A, A.7 
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Dama

[dmm] 50. North Province, Benoue Division, Rey-Bouba Subdivision, a small group. Dialects: May be a dialect of Mono [mru].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Adamawa-Ubangi, Adamawa, Mbum-Day, Mbum, Northern, Dama-Galke  Nearly extinct.
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Dek

[dek] 2,980 (2000). North Province. Dialects: It may be intelligible with Kari [kbn] or Mbum [mdd].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Adamawa-Ubangi, Adamawa, Mbum-Day, Mbum, Unclassified 
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Denya

[anv] 11,200 (1982 SIL). South West Province, Manyu Division, central and south Akwaya Subdivision; north Mamfe Central Subdivision. Partially in Takamanda Forest Reserve. Alternate names: Agnang, Anyah, Anyan, Anyang, Eyan, Nyang, Obonya, Takamanda.  Dialects: Basho, Bitieku, Takamanda, Bajwo. Dialect subgrouping. Kendem [kvm] is linguistically between Denya [anv] and Kenyang [ken]. Lexical similarity: 70%–80% among dialects.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Mamfe 
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Dii

[dur] 47,000 (1982 SIL). North Province, Mayo-Rey Division, Tchollire Subdivision; Adamawa Province, Vina Division, Ngaoundere Subdivision, north and east of Ngaoundere. Alternate names: Dourou, Durru, Duru, Nyag Dii, Yag Dii, Zaa.  Dialects: Mambe’, Mamna’a, Goom, Boow, Ngbang, Sagzee (Saadje, Saakye), Vaazin, Home, Nyok. Goom may be a separate language.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Adamawa-Ubangi, Adamawa, Leko-Nimbari, Duru, Dii 
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Dimbong

[dii] 140 (1992 SIL). Ethnic population: 50,000. Center Province, Mbam Division, northwest of Bafia. 2 villages. Alternate names: Bape, Bumbong, Kaalong, Kalong, Lakaalong, Lambong, Mbong, Palong.  Dialects: Related to Bafia [ksf], Hijuk [hij], Tibea [ngy].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Bafia (A.50) 
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Doyayo

[dow] 18,000 (1985). North Province, Benoue Division, north Poli Subdivision and Poli area. Alternate names: Doayo, Donyanyo, Donyayo, Doohyaayo, Doowaayo, Dooyaayo, Dooyayo, Dowayayo, Dowayo, Doyaayo, Doyau, “Namchi” , “Namci” , “Namshi” , Nomai, Tunga, Tungbo, Tuuno.  Dialects: Marke, Teere (Poli), Sewe.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Adamawa-Ubangi, Adamawa, Leko-Nimbari, Duru, Voko-Dowayo, Vere-Dowayo, Dowayo 
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Duala

[dua] 87,700 (1982 SIL). Littoral Province, Nkam Division, toward Yabassi and along Wouri River; Moungo Division, Dibombari area; Wouri Division, Cameroon estuary area; South West Province, Fako Division, both sides of Mungo River. Alternate names: Diwala, Douala, Dualla, Dwala, Dwela.  Dialects: Bodiman, Mungo (Mungu, Muungo), Oli (Ewodi, Ouri, Uli, Wuri, Wouri, Koli), Pongo. Related to Malimba [mzd].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Duala (A.20) 
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Dugun

[ndu] 7,000 (1997 L. Lode). North Province, Faro Division, Poli Subdivision, southeast of Poli. Alternate names: Pa’non, Pani, Panon, Pape, Saa.  Dialects: Saan, Naan. Similar to Duupa [dae]. Lexical similarity: 80% with Dii [dur].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Adamawa-Ubangi, Adamawa, Leko-Nimbari, Duru, Dii 
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Dugwor

[dme] 5,000 (2001 SIL). Far North Province, Diamare Division, Meri Subdivision, west of Tchere Canton between Maroua and Meri, in 6 villages. Alternate names: Dougour, Memekere, Mofu-Dugwor, Tchakidjebe.  Dialects: Mikere.  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Chadic, Biu-Mandara, A, A.5 
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Duli

[duz] Extinct. North Province, Benoue Division, near Pitoa. Alternate names: Dui.  Dialects: Might have been the same as Gey [guv].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Adamawa-Ubangi, Adamawa, Leko-Nimbari, Duru, Duli 
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Duupa

[dae] 5,000 (1991 UBS). North Province, Faro and Benoue divisions, East of Poli. Alternate names: Doupa, Dupa, Nduupa, Saa.  Dialects: Related to Dugun [ndu].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Adamawa-Ubangi, Adamawa, Leko-Nimbari, Duru, Dii 
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Dzodinka

[add] 2,600 in Cameroon (2000). North West Province, Donga-Mantung Division, extreme north Nwa Subdivision, Adere village. Also in Nigeria. Alternate names: Adere, Adiri, Arderi, Dzodzinka.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Wide Grassfields, Narrow Grassfields, Mbam-Nkam, Nkambe 
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Ejagham

[etu] 49,400 in Cameroon (2000). South West Province, Manyu Division, Eyumodjok Subdivision; south Mamfe Subdivision west of Mamfe. Alternate names: Edjagam, Ejagam, Ejaham, Ejwe, Ekoi, Etung, Keaka, Kwa, Obang.  Dialects: Western Ejagham, Eastern Ejagham, Southern Ejagham (Ekin, Kwa, Qua, Aqua, Abakpa).  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Ekoid 
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Elip

[ekm] 6,400 (1982 SIL). Center Province, Mbam Division, Elip Canton, southeast of Bokito toward Mbam and Sanaga rivers, Yambasa. Alternate names: Belibi, Belip, Central Yambassa, Libie, Nulibie.  Dialects: Related to Mmaala [mmu], Yangben [yav].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Mbam, Yambasa (A.60) 
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Eman

[emn] 800 (1990 SIL). South West Province, Manyu Division, Akwaya Subdivision, Amayo, Amanavil, Akalabo, and Akalam Gomo towns. Alternate names: Emane.  Dialects: Amayo, Amanavil (Aman, Amana, Amani, Elaka). Lexical similarity: 70% with Caka [ckx], 60% with Ipulo [ass], 40% with Iceve-Maci [bec] and Otank [uta], 35% with Esimbi [ags], 30% with Mesaka [lyo]. The Amayo and Amanavil dialects have 80% lexical similarity.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Tivoid 
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English

[eng]  Mainly South West and North West provinces. Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, English 
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Esimbi

[ags] 20,000 in Cameroon (1982 SIL). North West Province, Menchum Division, Menchum Valley Subdivision, from Benakuma into Nigeria. Also in Nigeria. Alternate names: Aage, Age, Bogue, Essimbi, Isimbi, Mburugam, Simpi.  Dialects: Lexical similarity: 35% with Balo [bqo], Ipulo [ass], Iceve-Maci [bec].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Tivoid 
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Eton

[eto] 52,000 (1982 SIL). Center Province, most of Lekie Division. Alternate names: Iton.  Dialects: Essele, Mvog-Namve, Mvo-Nangkok, Beyidzolo. Intelligible with Bulu [bum], Ewondo [ewo], Fang [fak] as part of the Beti [btb] language. Most similar to Mengisa [met].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Yaunde-Fang (A.70) 
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Evant

[bzz] 1,000 in Cameroon (1996 SIL). South West Province, Manyu Division, Akwaya Subdivision, Atolo and Matene I villages. Alternate names: Avand, Avande, Balegete, Belegete, Evand, Ovand, Ovande, Ovando.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Tivoid 
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Ewondo

[ewo] 578,000 (1982 SIL). Center Province, all except the east Mefou Division; Mfoundi and Nyong-and-So divisions; south Nyong-and-Mfoumou Division; South Province, north Ocean Division. Alternate names: Ewundu, Jaunde, Yaounde, Yaunde.  Dialects: Badjia (Bakjo), Bafeuk, Bamvele (Mvele, Yezum, Yesoum), Bane, Beti, Fong, Mbida-Bani, Mvete, Mvog-Niengue, Omvang, Yabekolo (Yebekolo), Yabeka, Yabekanga, Enoah, Evouzok. It is intelligible with Bulu [bum], Eton [eto], Fang [fak] as part of the Beti [btb] language.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Yaunde-Fang (A.70) 
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Fali, North

[fll] 16,000 (1982 SIL). North Province, Mayo-Louti Division, Mayo-Oulo Subdivision, Dourbeye and Mayo-Oulo area. Dialects: Dourbeye (Fali-Dourbeye), Bossoum (Fali-Bossoum, Bonum), Bveri (Fali du Peske-Bori, Peske, Bori).  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Adamawa-Ubangi, Adamawa, Fali 
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Fali, South

[fal] 20,000 (1982 SIL). Hossere Bapara area, Tsolaram, Hossere Toro, and Ndoudja; North Province, Benoue Division, northeast of Garoua, Pitoa Subdivision, south of Dembo. Dialects: Fali-Tinguelin (Ndoudja, Mango, Ram, Toro), Kangou (Kaang, Kangu, Fali Kangou), Bele (Ngoutchoumi, Fali-Bele, Fali du Bele-Fere).  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Adamawa-Ubangi, Adamawa, Fali 
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Fang

[fak] 2,400 (2001 SIL). North West Province, Menchum Division, Wum Subdivision, northeast of Wum, Fang village. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Beboid, Western 
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Fang

[fan] 121,000 in Cameroon (2006). South Province, half of Dja-and-Lobo Division (south of Djoum); southeast Ntem Division (south of Mvangan); Ocean Division, between Lolodorf and Kribi. Alternate names: Pahouin, Pamue.  Dialects: Fang (Okak), Mvae (Mvan, Mvay), Ntoumou (Ntumu).  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Yaunde-Fang (A.70) 
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Fe’fe’

[fmp] 124,000 (1982 SIL). West Province, Upper Nkam Division (except Kekem area and small section in southeast corner); some in Mifi Division, Bangam. Alternate names: Bafang, Bamileke-Fe’fe’, Fe’efe’e, Feefee, Fefe, Fotouni, Nufi.  Dialects: Fa’ (Bafang), Nka’ (Banka), Nee (Bana), Njee-Poantu (Bandja-Babountou), Ntii (Fondanti), Mkwet (Fondjomekwet), La’fi (Balafi), Tungi’ (Fotouni), Ngam (Bangan), Ca’. First 4 dialects listed belong to Central Fe’fe’, next 5 belong to North Fe’fe’.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Wide Grassfields, Narrow Grassfields, Mbam-Nkam, Bamileke 
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French

[fra]  Used mainly in the Littoral, West, Center, South, East, Adamawa, North, and Far North provinces. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Gallo-Romance, Gallo-Rhaetian, Oïl, French 
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Fulfulde, Adamawa

[fub] 669,000 in Cameroon (1986). Possibly 13,000,000 speakers of all Fulfulde. Population total all countries: 919,600. Widespead in Far North, North and Adamawa provinces. Also in Chad, Nigeria, Sudan, United States. Alternate names: Adamawa Fulani, Biira, Boulbe, Domona, Dzemay, Eastern Fulani, Foulfoulde, Ful, Fula, Fulbe, Fulfulde, Gapelta, Palata, Paldena, Paldida, Pelta Hay, Peul, Peulh, Pladina, Pule, Pullo, Sanyo, Taareyo, Zaakosa, Zemay.  Dialects: Maroua, Garoua, Ngaondéré, Kambariire, Nomadic Fulfulde, Bilkire Fulani (Bilkiri).  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Atlantic, Northern, Senegambian, Fulani-Wolof, Fula, Eastern 
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Fulfulde, Kano-Katsina-Bororro

[fuv]  North. Alternate names: Fulbe, Peul.  Dialects: Kano-Katsina, Bororro (Bororo, Mbororo, Ako, Nomadic Fulfulde).  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Atlantic, Northern, Senegambian, Fulani-Wolof, Fula, East Central 
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Gavar

[gou] 7,000 (2001 SIL). Far North Province, Mayo-Tsanaga Division, Mokolo Subdivision, Mogode Canton, Gawar area, south of Mokolo. One group of Gavar Hossere lives among Gavar-Fulfulde, and another isolated in mountains around Kortchi village. Alternate names: Gauar, Gawar, Gouwar, Kortchi, Ma-Gavar, Rtchi.  Dialects: Lexical similarity: 90% with Buwal [bhs].  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Chadic, Biu-Mandara, A, A.7 
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Gbaya, Northwest

[gya] 72,500 in Cameroon (1980). Vast area: North Province, Mayo-Rey Division, south of Touboro; Adamawa Province, Mbere Division, Meiganga Subdivision; Djerem Division, Ngaoundal and Tibati Subdivisions; Faro and Deo Division, Tignere Subdivision; East Province, Lom and Djerem Division, Garoua Boulay, Betare-Oya, and Bertoua subdivisions; Kadey Division, Kette Subdivision; Boumba and Ngoko Division, Gari-Gombo Subdivision. Alternate names: Baya.  Dialects: Banginda, Mbai, Gaymona, Lai (Lay), Lombu, Mbere, Mombe, Yaáyuwee (Yaiwe, Kalla).  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Adamawa-Ubangi, Ubangi, Gbaya-Manza-Ngbaka, Northwest 
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Gbaya-Mbodomo

[gmm] 20,000 (2007 SIL). East Province, Lom and Djerem Division, Bétaré-Oya Subdivision; Ngoura District. Dialects: Dooka.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Adamawa-Ubangi, Ubangi, Gbaya-Manza-Ngbaka, Southwest 
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Gey

[guv] No known speakers. Ethnic population: 1,900 (1982 SIL). North Province, Benoue Division, east of Pitoa. Alternate names: Gewe, Gueve.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Adamawa-Ubangi, Adamawa, Gueve 
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Ghomálá’

[bbj] 260,000 (1982 SIL). West Province, most of Mifi Division (except extreme south and pockets north and west); Mifi Division, Bamendjou Subdivision; east Menoua Division; a pocket in south Bamboutos Division. Alternate names: Baloum, Bamileke-Bandjoun, Bandjoun, Banjoun-Baham, Banjun, Batie, Mahum, Mandju.  Dialects: Ghomálá’ Central (Bandjoun, Jo, We, Hom, Yogam, Baham), Ghomálá’ North (Fusap, Lang), Ghomálá’ South (Te, Pa, Dengkwop), Ngemba (Bamenjou, Fu’da, Sa, Monjo, Meka, Mugum). Bameka, Bansoa, and Balessing are subdialects of South Ghomálá’, North Ghomálá’ has 2 subdialects, Central Ghomálá’ 4, and Ngemba 5.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Wide Grassfields, Narrow Grassfields, Mbam-Nkam, Bamileke 
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Gidar

[gid] 54,000 in Cameroon (1982 SIL). Population total all countries: 65,700. North Province, Mayo-Louti Division, Guider and Figuil subdivisions; Far North Province, a small section of Diamare Division. Also in Chad. Alternate names: Baynawa, Gidder, Guidar, Guider, Kada.  Dialects: Lam.  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Chadic, Biu-Mandara, C 
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Gimme

[kmp] 3,000 (1982 SIL). North Province, Faro Division, on Saptou Plain, west of Poli along Nigeria border in Alantika Mountains. Alternate names: Koma Kompana, Kompana, Kompara, Panbe.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Adamawa-Ubangi, Adamawa, Leko-Nimbari, Duru, Voko-Dowayo, Vere-Dowayo, Vere-Gimme, Gimme 
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Gimnime

[gmn] 3,000 (1982 SIL). North Province, Faro Division, Wangay area in Alantika Mountains, northwest of Poli along Nigeria border. Alternate names: Gimbe, Kadam, Koma Kadam, Komlama, Laame, Yotubo.  Dialects: Ritime. Similar to Gimme [kmp].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Adamawa-Ubangi, Adamawa, Leko-Nimbari, Duru, Voko-Dowayo, Vere-Dowayo, Vere-Gimme, Gimme 
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Giziga, North

[gis] 20,000 (1982 SIL). Far North Province, Diamare Division, Meri Subdivision, in Tchere and Mogazang massifs and Dogba plains, north and west of Maroua. Alternate names: Dogba, Gisiga, Gisika, Giziga de, Guiziga, Maroua, Marva, Mi Marva, Tchere.  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Chadic, Biu-Mandara, A, A.5 
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Giziga, South

[giz] 60,000 (1991 UBS). Far North Province, Diamare and Kaele divisions, in Diamare plains, southwest of Maroua. Alternate names: Gisiga, Gisika, Guiziga.  Dialects: Muturami (Muturwa, Muturua, Giziga de Moutouroua, Loulou), Mi Mijivin (Giziga de Midjivin), Rum.  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Chadic, Biu-Mandara, A, A.5 
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Glavda

[glw] 2,800 in Cameroon (1982 SIL). Far North Province, Mayo-Tsanaga Division, Koza Subdivision, on Nigeria Border, south of Ashigashia, Gelvaxdaxa village area. Alternate names: Galavda, Galvaxdaxa, Gelvaxdaxa, Guelebda, Vale.  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Chadic, Biu-Mandara, A, A.4, Mandara Proper, Glavda 
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Gude

[gde] 28,000 in Cameroon. Far North Province, Mayo-Tsanaga Division, south Bourrah Subdivision, north and northwest of Dourbeye; North Province, Mayo-Louti Division, extreme north-west Mayo-Oulo Subdivision. Alternate names: Cheke, Goude, Mapodi, Mocigin, Motchekin, Mubi, Mudaye, Shede, Tchade, Tcheke.  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Chadic, Biu-Mandara, A, A.8 
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Gvoko

[ngs] 1,000 in Cameroon (2000 SIL). Far North Province, Mayo-Tsanaga Division, Mokolo Subdivision, north of Tourou, Ngoshi village (different from Nggoshe). Alternate names: Gavoko, Gevoko, Ghboko, Kuvoko, Ngoshe-Ndhang, Ngoshi, Ngossi.  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Chadic, Biu-Mandara, A, A.4, Mandara Proper, Glavda 
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Gyele

[gyi] 4,250 in Cameroon. Population total all countries: 4,279. South Province, Ocean Division, Kribi and Lolodorf subdivisions, Kribi forest area, and along Kribi to Lolodorf road. Also in Equatorial Guinea. Alternate names: Babinga, Bagiele, Bagyele, Bajele, Bajeli, Bako, Bakola, Bakuele, Bekoe, Bogyel, Bogyeli, Bondjiel, Giele, Gieli, Gyeli, Likoya.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Makaa-Njem (A.80) 
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Hausa

[hau] 23,500 in Cameroon (1982 SIL). Widespread. Alternate names: Haoussa, Hawsa.  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Chadic, West, A, A.1 
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Hdi

[xed] 25,000 in Cameroon (2001 SIL). Population total all countries: 29,000. Far North Province, Mayo-Tsanaga Division, Mokolo Subdivision, Nigeria border northwest of Mokolo. 15 villages. Also in Nigeria. Alternate names: Hedi, Hide, Turu-Hide, Xadi, Xedi.  Dialects: Tur (Turu, Tourou, Ftour). 51% intelligibility with Vemgo-Mabas [vem], 48% with Lamang [hia], 35% with Gvoko [ngs]. Lexical similarity: 78% with Vemgo-Mabas, 64% with Lamang, 56% with Gvoko.  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Chadic, Biu-Mandara, A, A.4, Lamang 
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Hijuk

[hij] 400 (1992 SIL). Center Province, Mbam Division, Bokito Subdivision, southwest of Bokito. 1 village area. Dialects: Lexical similarity: 45% with Bafia [ksf], 84% with Basaa [bas].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Bafia (A.50) 
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Hya

[hya] 940 in Cameroon (2002 SIL). Far North Province, Mayo-Tsanaga Division, Mokolo Subdivision, Amsa. Also in Nigeria. Alternate names: Ghye, Za.  Dialects: Similar to Kamwe [hig] of Nigeria. Lexical similarity: 62% with Psikye [kvj].  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Chadic, Biu-Mandara, A, A.3 
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Iceve-Maci

[bec] 7,000 in Cameroon (1990). Population total all countries: 12,000. South West Province, Manyu Division, north and south of Akwaya. Also in Nigeria. Alternate names: Bacheve, Bechere, Becheve, Icheve, Ocebe, Ochebe, Ocheve, Utse, Utser, Utseu.  Dialects: Icheve (Bacheve), Oliti (Maci, Matchi, Oliti-Akwaya, Olithi, Olit, Kwaya, Akwaya Motom, Motomo, Ihekwot). Lexical similarity: 80% between the Maci and Bacheve dialects, 60% with Otank [uta], 50% with Evant [bzz] and Tiv [tiv], 40% with Eman [emn] and Mesaka [iyo], 35% with Esimbi [ags].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Tivoid 
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Ipulo

[ass] 2,500 (1990 SIL). South West Province, Manyu Division, Akwaya Subdivision, southeast of Akwaya. Alternate names: Assumbo, Asumbo, Badzumbo.  Dialects: Olulu, Tinta, Etongo. Lexical similarity: 90% between the Olulu and Tinta dialects. Lexical similarity 60% with Eman [emn], 50% with Caka [ckx], 40% with Balo [bqo] and Osatu [ost], 35% with Esimbi [ags].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Tivoid 
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Isu

[isu] 10,400 (1994 SIL). North West Province, Menchum Division, Wum Central Subdivision, widespread to Nigeria border. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Wide Grassfields, Narrow Grassfields, Ring, West 
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Isu

[szv] 800 (1982 SIL). South West Province, Fako Division, Tiko Subdivision, Bimbia estuary area east of Limbe and west of Douala. Alternate names: Bimbia, Isubu, Isuwu, Su, Subu.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Duala (A.20) 
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Iyive

[uiv] 1,000 in Cameroon (1996 WT). Population total all countries: 2,000. South West Province, Manyu Division, northeast of Akwaya on Nigeria border, Yive village. Also in Nigeria. Alternate names: Uive, Yiive.  Dialects: Lexical similarity: 75% with Tiv [tiv].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Tivoid 
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Jimi

[jim] 3,500 (1982 SIL). Far North Province, Mayo-Tsanaga Division, on Nigeria border, Bourrha area. Alternate names: ’Um Falin, Djimi, Jimjimen.  Dialects: Djimi, Zumo (Zumu, Zomo, Zame), Jimo, Wadi (Wa’i), Malabu. Similar to Gude [gde].  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Chadic, Biu-Mandara, A, A.8 
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Jina

[jia] 1,500 (2001 H. Tourneux). 1,500 all Jina (2004 H. Tourneux). Far North Province, Logone-and-Chari Division, south Logone-Birni Subdivision, Zina area and east of Waza. Alternate names: Zina.  Dialects: Jina (Zine), Sarassara, Tchide (Sede), Muxule (Muxuli, Ngodeni), Mae. People in Zina say they understand Lagwan [kot] and Musgu [mug] better than Jina.  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Chadic, Biu-Mandara, B, B.1, Jina 
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Jukun Takum

[jbu] 2,440 in Cameroon (2000). Population total all countries: 2,451. North West Province, Menchum Division, Furu-Awa Subdivision, Ntjieka, Furu-Turuwa, and Furu-Sambari villages. Also in Nigeria. Alternate names: Diyu, Jukun, Njikum.  Dialects: Takum, Donga (Akpanzhi).  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Jukunoid, Central, Jukun-Mbembe-Wurbo, Jukun 
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Kako

[kkj] 100,000 in Cameroon (2003 SIL). Population total all countries: 119,460. East Province, Kadey Division, Batouri and Ndelele Subdivisions. Also in Central African Republic, Congo. Alternate names: Dikaka, Kaka, Mkako, Nkoxo, Yaka.  Dialects: Mbonjoku, Besembo, Bera, Ngbako.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Kako (A.90) 
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Kamkam

[bgu]  Adamawa Province, Mayo-Banyo Division, Mambila Plateau. Alternate names: Bungnu, Bungun, Bunu, Gbunhu, Kakaba, Mbongno.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Northern, Mambiloid, Mambila-Konja, Magu-Kamkam-Kila 
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Kanuri, Central

[knc] 56,500 in Cameroon (1982 SIL). Far North Province, Mayo-Sava Division, mainly north of Mora between Limani and Bounderi, and Kolofata Subdivision; Diamare Division, Maroua and Bogo Subdivisions; Kaele and Mayo-Danay divisions, as far as Mindif and Guirvidig. Alternate names: “Baribari” , “Beriberi” , Bornouan, Bornouans, Bornu, Kanouri, Kanoury, Kole, Kolere, Sirata, Yerwa Kanuri.  Dialects: Mowor (Movar), Dagara, Kaga (Kagama), Sugurti, Lare, Kwayam, Njesko, Kabari (Kuvuri), Ngazar, Guvja, Mao, Temageri, Fadawa, Maiduguri.  Classification: Nilo-Saharan, Saharan, Western, Kanuri 
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Karang

[kzr] 17,000 in Cameroon (1991 SIL). Population total all countries: 18,000. North Province, Mayo-Rey Division, Madingring District [homeland], south border of Bouba Ndjida National Park, south from Madingring, southeast to Lawzigoy (toward Touboro). 25 villages. [displaced: Garoua, Ngong, Ngaoundéré, Touboro (and surrounding villages), Tcholliré]. Also in Chad. Alternate names: Mbum, Mbum-East.  Dialects: Ngumi. Related to Pana [pnz], Nzakambay [nzy], Kuo [xuo], and Mbere [mdt].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Adamawa-Ubangi, Adamawa, Mbum-Day, Mbum, Eastern Mbum, Karang 
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Kare

[kbn] 4,460 in Cameroon (2000). Adamawa Province, Vina Division, Belel area; North Province, Mayo-Rey Division. Alternate names: Kali, Kari, Karré.  Dialects: Tale, Kari.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Adamawa-Ubangi, Adamawa, Mbum-Day, Mbum, Eastern Mbum, Karang 
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Kemezung

[dmo] 4,500 (2001 SIL). North West Province, Donga-Mantung Division, Misaje Subdivision, northwest of Nkambe, Dumbu town, Kwei village. Alternate names: Dumbo, Dzumbo, Kumaju.  Dialects: Member of the Eastern Beboid subgroup. Lexical similarity: 85% with Bebe [bzv].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Beboid, Eastern 
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Kendem

[kvm] 1,500 (2001 SIL). South West Province, Manyu Division, Tinto and Upper Bayang subdivisions, east of Mamfe: Kendem, Kekpoti, and Bokwa villages. Alternate names: Bokwa-Kendem.  Dialects: Higher lexical similarity with Denya [anv] but higher intelligibility of Kenyang [ken].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Mamfe 
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Kenswei Nsei

[ndb] 25,000 (2008). North West Province, Ngo Ketunjia Division, Ndop Subdivision, west of Ndop on Ndop Plain, Bamessing village area. Alternate names: Bamessing, Befi, Calebasses, Kensense, Melamba, Mesing, Ndop-Bamessing, Nsei, Veteng, Vetweng.  Dialects: Similar to Vengo [bav], Wushi [bse], Bamunka [bvm].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Wide Grassfields, Narrow Grassfields, Ring, South 
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Kenyang

[ken] 65,000 (1992 SIL). South West Province, Manyu Division, Mamfe Central and Upper Banyang subdivisions, around and southwest of Mamfe; Kupe-Muanenguba Division, west corner of Nguti Subdivision. Alternate names: Banjangi, Banyang, Banyangi, Bayangi, Manyang, Nyang.  Dialects: Upper Kenyang (Haut-Kenyang), Lower Kenyang (Bas-Kenyang), Bakoni (Upper Balong, Northern Balong, Manyemen, Kicwe, Kitwii, Twii, Manyeman).  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Mamfe 
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Kera

[ker] 6,000 in Cameroon. Far North Province, Mayo-Danay Division, Southeast of Doukoula. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Chadic, East, A, A.3 
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Kol

[biw] 12,000 (1988 SIL). 1,000 in Bikeng. East Province, Upper Nyong Division, Messamena area. Alternate names: Bekol, Bikele-Bikay, Bikele-Bikeng.  Dialects: Bikele, Bikeng, Kol North, Kol South.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Makaa-Njem (A.80) 
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Kolbila

[klc] 2,500 (1997 L. Lode). North Province, Faro Division, Bantadje Canton, southeast of Poli, and east between Ngaoundere and Garoua. Alternate names: Kolbilari, Kolbili, Kolbilla, Kolena, Zoono.  Dialects: Related to Samba Leko [ndi].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Adamawa-Ubangi, Adamawa, Leko-Nimbari, Leko 
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Kom

[bkm] 233,000 (2005), increasing. 30% monolingual. Ethnic population: 232,600. North West Province, south Boyo Division; 20,000 in major urban centers. Alternate names: Bamekon, Bikom, Kong, Nkom.  Dialects: Mbizenaku (Mbesa, Itangimbesa).  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Wide Grassfields, Narrow Grassfields, Ring, Center 
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Koma

[kmy] 3,000 in Cameroon (1984 SIL). North Province, Faro Division, northwest of Tchamba in Alantika Mountains along Nigeria border. Alternate names: Kuma.  Dialects: Koma Ndera, Koma Damti, Leelu, Bangru, Zanu, Liu, Yeru.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Adamawa-Ubangi, Adamawa, Leko-Nimbari, Duru, Voko-Dowayo, Vere-Dowayo, Vere-Gimme, Vere 
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Koonzime

[ozm] 30,000 (2000 SIL). East Province, Upper Nyong Division, Lomie area (north and northwest, south and southeast to Dja River). Alternate names: Djimu, Dzimou, Kooncimo, Koozhime, Koozime, Nzime, Zimu.  Dialects: Nzime (Koonzime), Badwe’e (Badjoue, Bajwe’e, Koozime).  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Makaa-Njem (A.80) 
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Korop

[krp] 7,440 in Cameroon (2000). South West Province, Ndian Division, along Nigeria border, northwest of Mundemba. Alternate names: Durop, Dyurop, Erorup, Ododop.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Cross River, Delta Cross, Upper Cross, Kiong-Korop 
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Koshin

[kid] 1,000 (2001 SIL). North West Province, Menchum Division, Wum Subdivision, Koshin village. Alternate names: Kaw, Kosin, Kusheen Benubcouh.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Beboid, Western 
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Kuk

[kfn] 3,000 (2001 SIL). North-West Province, Menchum Division, Fungom Subdivision, Ring Road between Weh and Bafmeng. 6 villages. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Wide Grassfields, Narrow Grassfields, Ring, Center 
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Kung

[kfl] 1,750 (2001 SIL). North-West Province, Menchum Division, Fungom Subdivision. 1 village. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Wide Grassfields, Narrow Grassfields, Ring, Center 
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Kuo

[xuo] 2,980 in Cameroon (2000). North Province, between Sorombeo and Chad border, and Garoua area. Alternate names: Ko, Koh.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Adamawa-Ubangi, Adamawa, Mbum-Day, Mbum, Eastern Mbum, Koh 
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Kutep

[kub] 1,400 in Cameroon (Breton 1986). North West Province, Menchum Division, Furu-Awa Subdivision, Baji and Lubu villages near Nigeria border. Alternate names: Ati, “Jompre” , Kuteb, Kutev, Mbarike, Zumper.  Dialects: Jenuwa, Lissam, Fikyu, Kunabe, Kentin.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Jukunoid, Yukuben-Kuteb 
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Kwa’

[bko] 1,000 (2000 SIL). Littoral Province, Nkam Division, east Nkondjok Subdivision; West Province, southwest corner of Nde Division. Alternate names: Bakoa, Bakwa, Bamileke-Kwa.  Dialects: Kwa’ (Bekwa’, Bakoua, Babwa, Mipa), Mbyam.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Wide Grassfields, Narrow Grassfields, Mbam-Nkam, Bamileke 
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Kwaja

[kdz] 2,980 (2000). North West Province, Donga-Mantung Division, Nkambe Subdivision. Dialects: Possibly intelligible with other Mfumte languages.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Wide Grassfields, Narrow Grassfields, Mbam-Nkam, Nkambe 
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Kwakum

[kwu] 10,000 (2002 SIL). East Province, Upper Nyong Division, Dimako and Doume subdivisions; Lom-and-Djerem Division, north of Bertoua; Belabo Subdivision. Alternate names: Abakoum, Abakum, Akpwakum, Bakum, Kpakum, Pakum.  Dialects: Kwakum, Beten (Bethen, Petem), Til, Baki (Mbaki).  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Kako (A.90) 
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Kwanja

[knp] 20,000 (1991 UBS). Adamawa Province, Mayo-Banyo Division, northeast Tikar Plain, south of Mayo-Darle between Banyo and Bankim. Alternate names: Kondja, Konja.  Dialects: Nyasunda, Nyandung, Nyanjang (Njang, Njanga).  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Northern, Mambiloid, Mambila-Konja, Konja 
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Kwasio

[nmg] 9,000 in Cameroon (1982 SIL). Population total all countries: 17,500. South Province, Ocean Division, Kribi and Lolodorf subdivisions, Kribi forests area; Kribi to Lolodorf. Also in Equatorial Guinea. Alternate names: Ngumba.  Dialects: Kwasio (Kwassio, Bisio), Mvumbo (Ngumba, Ngoumba, Mgoumba, Mekuk), Mabi (Mabea).  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Makaa-Njem (A.80) 
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La’bi

[lbi] 4,400 (2006). North Province, Mayo-Rey Division, Touboro Subdivision. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Adamawa-Ubangi, Adamawa, La’bi 
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Lagwan

[kot] 1,500 in Cameroon (Tourneux 2004). 10,000 all Lagwan, 40,000 all Kotoko languages (Tourneux 2004). Majority in Cameroon (2005 S. Allison). Far North Province, Logone-and-Chari Division, north of Waza National Park in Logone-Birni Subdivision, Logone River bank across to Nigeria border. Also in Chad. Alternate names: Kotoko-Logone, Lagouane, Lagwane, Logone.  Dialects: Logone-Birni, Logone-Gana (Kotoko-Gana). Related to Mser [kqx], Afade [aal], Malgbe [mxf], Maslam [msv], Mpade [mpi].  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Chadic, Biu-Mandara, B, B.1, Kotoko Proper, South 
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Laimbue

[lmx] 5,000 (1994 SIL). North West Province, Menchum Division, Wum Central Subdivision; Boyo Division, Fundong Subdivision. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Wide Grassfields, Narrow Grassfields, Ring, West 
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Lamnso’

[lns] 125,000 in Cameroon (1987 SIL). North West Province, Bui Division, east Kumbo and Jakiri Subdivisions, northeast of Bamenda, Kumbo area. Also in Nigeria. Alternate names: Bansaw, Banso, Banso’, Lamnsok, Lamso, Nsaw, Nsho’, Nso, Nso’, Panso.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Wide Grassfields, Narrow Grassfields, Ring, East 
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Lefa

[lfa] 10,000. Center Province, Mbam and Inoubou Division, Bafia Subdivision. Alternate names: Balom, Fak, Lefa’.  Dialects: Lefa, Cama (Tempanye), Tingong, Letia.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Bafia (A.50) 
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Leti

[leo]  Center Province, Lekie Division, north Sa’a Subdivision, Sanaga River bend. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Mbam, Sanaga (A.60) 
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Limbum

[lmp] 73,000 in Cameroon (1982 SIL). North West Province, Donga-Mantung Division, Nkambe Subdivision, Nkambe and Ndu area. Also in Nigeria. Alternate names: Bojiin, Limbom, Llimbumi, Ndzungle, Ndzungli, Njungene, Nsungali, Nsungli, Nsungni, Wimbum.  Dialects: Wiyeh, Tang, Wat.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Wide Grassfields, Narrow Grassfields, Mbam-Nkam, Nkambe 
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Longto

[wok] 2,400 (1982 SIL). North Province, Faro Division, Poli Subdivision, southwest of Poli to Faro Reserve, Voko area. Alternate names: Boko, Gobeyo, Longa, Longbo, Lonto, Voko, Woko.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Adamawa-Ubangi, Adamawa, Leko-Nimbari, Duru, Voko-Dowayo, Voko 
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Luo

[luw] 1 (1995 B. Connell). A section of Atta. Classification: Unclassified  Nearly extinct.
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Mada

[mxu] 17,000 (1982 SIL). Far North Province, Mayo-Sava Division, Tokombere Subdivision, Mada massif at edge of Mandara Mountains and neighboring plain. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Chadic, Biu-Mandara, A, A.5 
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Mafa

[maf] 136,000 in Cameroon (1982 SIL). Population total all countries: 140,910. Far North Province, Mayo-Tsanaga Division, from Mokolo north. Also in Nigeria. Alternate names: “Matakam” , Mofa, Natakan.  Dialects: West Mafa (Magoumaz, Mavoumay), Central Mafa (Ouzal, Koza, Mokola, Mokolo, Ldamtsai), East Mafa (Soulede, Roua).  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Chadic, Biu-Mandara, A, A.5 
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Majera

[xmj] 500 in Cameroon (Tourneux 2004). 500 all Majera (Tourneux 2004). Far North Province, Logone-and-Chari Division, extreme south Logone-Birni Subdivision, Majera area. Also in Chad. Alternate names: Mazera.  Dialects: Majera (Mazra), Kajire-’dulo, Hwalem (Holom).  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Chadic, Biu-Mandara, B, B.1, Jina 
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Makaa

[mcp] 80,000 (1987 SIL). East Province, north Upper Nyong Division, Messamena, Abong-Mbang, Doume, Nguelemendouka Subdivisions. Alternate names: Mekaa, South Makaa, South Mekaa.  Dialects: Bebent (Bebende, Biken, Bewil, Bemina), Mbwaanz, Sekunda. Related to Byep [mkk], Kol [biw].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Makaa-Njem (A.80) 
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Malgbe

[mxf] 6,000 in Cameroon (Tourneux 2004). Far North Province, Logone-and-Chari Division, Chari River area, Goulfey and Goulfey Subdivision, north of Kousseri. Also in Chad. Alternate names: Goulfei, Gulfe, Gulfei, Malbe, Malgwe, Ngwalkwe, Sanbalbe.  Dialects: Malgbe (Goulfei), Mara, Dro, Douguia (Dugiya). Related to Afade [aal], Maslam [msv], Mpade [mpi], Mser [kqx], Lagwan [kot].  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Chadic, Biu-Mandara, B, B.1, Kotoko Proper, North 
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Malimba

[mzd] 2,230 (2001 SIL). Littoral Province, Sanaga-Maritime Division, small pocket north of Edea, and Sanaga River mouth area. Alternate names: Lemba, Limba, Mudima, Mulimba.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Duala (A.20) 
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Mambai

[mcs] 8,000 in Cameroon (2002 SIL). Population total all countries: 10,000. North Province, Benoue Division, extreme north Bibemi Subdivision, along Mayo-Kebi River near Chad border. Also in Chad. Alternate names: Mambay, Mamgbay, Mamgbei, Manbai, Mangbai, Mangbei, Mongbay.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Adamawa-Ubangi, Adamawa, Mbum-Day, Mbum, Northern, Tupuri-Mambai 
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Mambila, Cameroon

[mcu] 30,000 (1993 UBS). Adamawa Province, on Nigeria border, northwest Mayo-Banyo Division, Banyo and Bankim Subdivisions. Alternate names: Bang, Bea, Ble, Juli, Lagubi, Mambere, Mambilla, Nor, Tagbo, Tongbo, Torbi.  Dialects: Ju Ba, Sunu Torbi (Torbi), Ju Naare (Mambila de Gembu), Langa. Closely related to Mvanlip [mcj] (Magu) in Nigeria. Similar to Mambila [mzk] of Nigeria. Dialect continuum; one end unintelligible to speakers of the other. Langa inherently intelligible to some, but not most, dialects. At least 4 dialects in Cameroon.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Northern, Mambiloid, Mambila-Konja, Mambila 
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Manta

[myg] 5,300 (2001 SIL). South West Province, Manyu Division northeast of Mamfe, from Mom border, Akwaya Subdivision, to Manta, Mamfe Subdivision. About 20 villages. Alternate names: Anta, Banta, Bantakpa, Kisam, Menta, Tinta.  Dialects: Most similar to Atong [ato].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Tivoid 
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Masana

[mcn] 103,000 in Cameroon (1982 SIL). Far North Province, southeast Mayo-Danay Division, Yagoua area. Alternate names: “Banana” , Masa, Massa, Walia.  Dialects: Yagwa (Yagoua), Domo, Walya, Bongor, Wina (Viri), Gizay (Guissey), Budugum.  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Chadic, Masa 
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Maslam

[msv] 250 in Cameroon (Tourneux 2004). Nearly all are in Cameroon. Far North Province, Logone-and-Chari Division, Makari Subdivision, northwest of Kousseri, Maltam and Saho. Also in Chad. Dialects: Maslam (Maltam), Sao (Sahu). Related to Afade [aal], Mpade [mpi], Malgbe [mxf], Mser [kqx], Lagwan [kot]. Speakers may be able to use literature in one of these languages.  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Chadic, Biu-Mandara, B, B.1, Kotoko Proper, North 
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Matal

[mfh] 18,000 (1982 SIL). Far North Province, Mayo-Sava Division, Mora Subdivision, southwest of Mora, to the south, east edge of Mandara Mountains. Alternate names: Balda, Mouktele, Muktele, Muktile.  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Chadic, Biu-Mandara, A, A.5 
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Mazagway

[dkx] 17,000 (1997). North Province, Mayo-Louti Division, northwest of Guider, Mazagway: Guider, Baila, Boula Ibbi, Tam Djidde; Far North Province, southwest corner of Diamare Division, Ndoukoula District, Kpala: Dagaï; Mayo-Tsanaga Division, Mokolo Department, Hina District, Zouvoul, Mayo-Ladde. Alternate names: Mazagway-Hidi.  Dialects: Mazagway (Musgoi, Musgoy, Daba-Mousgoy), Kpala (Kola, Daba-Kola).  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Chadic, Biu-Mandara, A, A.7 
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Mbedam

[xmd] 6,000 (2001 SIL). Far North Province, Mayo-Tsanaga Division, Mokolo Subdivision, Northeast of Hina. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Chadic, Biu-Mandara, A, A.7 
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Mbembe, Tigon

[nza] 36,000 in Cameroon (1982 SIL). Population total all countries: 56,000. North West Province, Donga-Mantung Division, Ako Subdivision, north of Nkambe. Also in Nigeria. Alternate names: Akonto, Tigon, Tigong, Tigum, Tigun, Tikun.  Dialects: Ashuku (Kitsipki), Nama (Dama, Namu), Nzare (Ndzale, Nsare, Izale, Izare, Njari), Kporo, Eneeme.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Jukunoid, Central, Jukun-Mbembe-Wurbo, Mbembe 
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Mbo

[mbo] 45,000 (1995 Ewane). Mbo plain, Littoral Province, Moungo Division, Nkongsamba and Melong subdivisions; West Province, Menoua Division, Santchou Subdivision and Upper Nkam Division, Kekem Subdivision. Alternate names: Mboo, Sambo.  Dialects: Melong (Eho Mbo), Bareko (Ehow Mba, Minahe), Kekem (Nlembuu), Santchou (Nla Mboo). Related to Akoose [bss], Bassossi [bsi].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Lundu-Balong (A.10), Ngoe 
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Mbo’

[mtk] 1,490 (2000). North West Province, Donga-Mantung Division, Nwa Subdivision, Mbo canton. Alternate names: Mbaw, Mbe’, Mbo.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Wide Grassfields, Narrow Grassfields, Mbam-Nkam, Nkambe 
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Mbonga

[xmb] 1,490 (2000). East Province, Lom-and-Djerem Division, near Betare-Oya. Alternate names: Mboa.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Jarawan, Cameroon 
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Mbu’

[muc] 1,000 (2001 SIL). North West Province, Menchum Division, Wum Subdivision, northeast of Wum, Mbu’ village. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Beboid, Western 
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Mbuko

[mqb] 13,000 (2002 SIL). Far North Province, Diamare Division, Meri Subdivision east of Meri, Mbuko massif and neighboring Mayo-Raneo plain. Alternate names: Mbokou, Mboku, Mbuku.  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Chadic, Biu-Mandara, A, A.5 
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Mbule

[mlb] 100 (2007), decreasing. No monolinguals. Center Province, Mbam Division, south Bokito Subdivision, Mbola village. Alternate names: Dumbule, Mbola.  Dialects: Not intelligible with other Yambassa languages. 78% lexical similarity with Baca [baf]; 77% with Yangben [yav]; 72% with Elip [ekm] and Mmaala [nmu]. 62% with Baca; 56% with Yangbe (1982 T. Scruggs); 51% with Elip and Mmaala (Boone, Bradley and Grant 1999).  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Mbam, Yambasa (A.60) 
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Mbum

[mdd] 38,600 in Cameroon (1982 SIL). Population total all countries: 51,260. West Mbum, isolated in Adamawa Province, Vina and Djerem divisions, south and southwest of Ngaoundere; North Province, Faro Division, Ngaoundere area to border of Faro Reserve; East Province, Lom-and-Djerem Division, Belabo Subdivision, Gbete. Also in Central African Republic, United States. Alternate names: Buna, Mboum, Mboumtiba, Wuna.  Dialects: Mboum (West Mbum, Bum), Gbete (Kepere, Kpere, Pere, Ripere, Byrre, Pono, Vana).  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Adamawa-Ubangi, Adamawa, Mbum-Day, Mbum, Southern 
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Medumba

[byv] 210,000 (1991 UBS). West Province, Nde Division, Tonga Bangangte subdivisions east of Bangangte. Alternate names: Bagangte, Bamileke-Medumba, Bangangte.  Dialects: Batongtou.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Wide Grassfields, Narrow Grassfields, Mbam-Nkam, Nun 
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Mefele

[mfj] 11,000 (2002 SIL). Far North Province, Mayo-Tsanaga Division, Mokolo Subdivision, south and east of Mokolo. 6 villages. Alternate names: Boulahay, Bula, Bulahai.  Dialects: Mefele, Serak (Sirak), Muhura (Mouhour), Shugule (Chougoule).  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Chadic, Biu-Mandara, A, A.5 
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Mendankwe-Nkwen

[mfd] 23,100 (2001 SIL). North West Province, Mezam Division, Bamenda Central Subdivision, north and east of Bamenda, either side of Ring Road, and mountainous circle of Menda Nkwe. Alternate names: Mandankwe, Mendankwe.  Dialects: Nkwen (Bafreng), Mendankwe (Munda, Bamenda). The Mendankwe dialect has 74% intelligibility of the Nkwen dialect; Nkwen 79% intelligibility of Mendankwe. Socially very distinct groups. Related to Ngemba [nge], Bafut [bfd], Pinyin [pny], Awing [azo], Bambili-Bambui [baw].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Wide Grassfields, Narrow Grassfields, Mbam-Nkam, Ngemba 
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Mengaka

[xmg] 20,000 (1993 SIL). West Province, Bamboutos Division, South Galim Subdivision, Bagam, Galim, and Bamendjing. Alternate names: Bamileke-Mengaka, Benzing, Ghap, Megaka.  Dialects: Bagam, Bamendjing (Bamendjin). Lexical similarity: 91% among villages, but no dialect differences reported.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Wide Grassfields, Narrow Grassfields, Mbam-Nkam, Bamileke 
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Mengisa

[mct] 20,000 (1979 SIL). Center Province, Lekie Division, Sa’a Subdivision, Sanaga River bend area between the River and Sa’a. Alternate names: Mangisa, Mengisa-Njowe.  Dialects: May be intelligible with Ewondo [ewo]. The Mangisa people speak 2 languages: the Mengisa Njowi dialect, spoken daily, and Leti [leo], a secret language of tradition.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Yaunde-Fang (A.70) 
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Menka

[mea] 5,200 (2000 SIL). North West Province, Momo Division, Widikum-Menka Subdivision, west of Mbwengi, northwest of Batibo. 10 villages. Alternate names: Mamwoh, Wando Bando.  Dialects: Related to Atong [ato], Manta [myg].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Wide Grassfields, Narrow Grassfields, Momo 
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Merey

[meq] 10,000 (1982 SIL). Far North Province, Diamare Division, Meri Massif, west of Meri. Alternate names: Meri, Mere, Mofu de Méri.  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Chadic, Biu-Mandara, A, A.5 
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Mesaka

[iyo] 14,000 (1982 SIL). South West Province, Manyu Division, on Nigeria border northeast of Akwaya, isolated. Alternate names: Banagere, Iyon, Messaga, Messaga-Ekol, Messaka, Ugare.  Dialects: Batomo (Babasi). The Batomo dialect may be a separate language, or may be the same as Motomo (Oliti, Matchi), a dialect of Iceve-Maci [bec]. Lexical similarity: 70% with Tiv [tiv].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Tivoid 
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Meta’

[mgo] 87,000 (1982 SIL). North West Province, Momo Division, east and southeast Mbengwi and east Batibo subdivisions; Bamenda Subdivision, Bafuchu and Nja village areas. Alternate names: Bameta, Batibo, Chubo, Menemo-Mogamo, Metta, Mitaa, Moghamo-Menemo, Muta, Widikum-Tadkon.  Dialects: Menemo (Metta, Meta’, Uta’, Bameta), Moghamo (Muywi, Iyirikum, Widekum, Tiwirkum, Batibo, Besi, Kugwe).  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Wide Grassfields, Narrow Grassfields, Momo 
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Mfumte

[nfu] 24,700 (1982 SIL). North West Province, Donga-Mantung Division, Nwa Subdivision, Mfumte canton north of Nwa and east of Nkambe. 16 villages. Alternate names: Nfumte.  Dialects: Lus, Kom, Mballa, Bang, Koffa (Kofa), Jui, Mbat, Manang, Mbibji, Mbah.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Wide Grassfields, Narrow Grassfields, Mbam-Nkam, Nkambe 
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Mina

[hna] 11,000 (2000). Far North Province, Mayo-Tsanaga Division, Hina Subdivision, south of Mokolo. 20 villages. Alternate names: Besleri, Hina.  Dialects: Besleri, Jingjing (Dzumdzum), Gamdugun.  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Chadic, Biu-Mandara, A, A.7 
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Mmaala

[mmu] 5,300 (1982 SIL). Center Province, Mbam Division, Mmala canton, in and south of Bokito. Alternate names: Benyi, Central Yambassa, Mmala.  Dialects: Related to Elip [ekm] and Yangben [yav].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Mbam, Yambasa (A.60) 
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Mmen

[bfm] 35,000 (2001 SIL). 1,000 Fungom (1994 SIL). North West Province, Menchum Division, Wum Subdivision, along Fundong Road northwest of Fundong. Alternate names: Bafmen, Bafmeng, Bafoumeng, Bafumen, Mme.  Dialects: Fungom (Northern Fungom, We), Cha’, Nyos.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Wide Grassfields, Narrow Grassfields, Ring, Center 
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Mofu, North

[mfk] 27,500 (1982 SIL). Far North Province, Diamare Division, massifs south of Meri. Alternate names: Douvangar, Mofu-Douvangar, Mofu-Nord.  Dialects: Douroun (Mofu de Douroum, Durum), Wazan (Wazang).  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Chadic, Biu-Mandara, A, A.5 
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Mofu-Gudur

[mif] 60,000 (1998 SIL). Far North Province, Mayo-Tsanaga Division into Diamare Division, Mokolo Subdivision, massifs south of Tsanaga River to Mayo-Louti River. Alternate names: Mofou, Mofou de Goudour, Mofu South, Mofu-Sud.  Dialects: Mokong, Gudur, Zidim, Dimeo, Massagal (Massakal), Njeleng.  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Chadic, Biu-Mandara, A, A.5 
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Mokpwe

[bri] 32,200 (1982 SIL). South West Province, Fako Division, Muyuka, Tiko, Buea, and Limbe subdivisions. Alternate names: Bakpwe, Bakwedi, Bakwele, Bakweri, Bekwiri, Kwedi, Kweli, Kwili, Kwiri, Mokpe, Ujuwa, Vakweli, Vambeng.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Duala (A.20) 
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Moloko

[mlw] 8,500 (1992 SIL). Far North Province, Mayo-Sava Division, Tokombere Subdivision, Makalingay Canton, Melokwo Mountain and plains around its base. Alternate names: Melokwo, Mokyo, Molko, Molkoa, Molkwo, Molokwo.  Dialects: Surrounded by 4 related languages (including Muyang [muy], Giziga North [gis], and the Mikiri dialect of Dugwor [dme]) plus one other.  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Chadic, Biu-Mandara, A, A.5 
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Mom Jango

[ver] 6,520 in Cameroon (2000). North Province, Faro Division, Beka Subdivision, north of Tchamba on Nigeria border. Alternate names: Kobo, Vere, Verre, Were.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Adamawa-Ubangi, Adamawa, Leko-Nimbari, Duru, Voko-Dowayo, Vere-Dowayo, Vere-Gimme, Vere 
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Mono

[mru] 300 (2001 SIL). North Province, Mayo-Rey Division, north of Rey-Bouba, Kongrong area along Mayo-Godi River. Alternate names: Mon-Non.  Dialects: Related to Dama [dmm].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Adamawa-Ubangi, Adamawa, Mbum-Day, Mbum, Northern, Dama-Galke 
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Mpade

[mpi] 16,000 in Cameroon (Tourneux 2004). 16,000 all Mpade (Tourneux 2004). Large majority in Cameroon. Far North Province, Logone-and-Chari Division, south of Lake Chad, Makari area. Also in Chad, Nigeria. Alternate names: Makari, Makary.  Dialects: Shewe (Mani), Mpade (Makari), Bodo, Woulki, Digam. Related to Afade [aal], Maslam [msv], Malgbe [mxf], Mser [kqx], Lagwan [kot].  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Chadic, Biu-Mandara, B, B.1, Kotoko Proper, North 
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Mpiemo

[mcx] 5,000 in Cameroon (1991 SIL). East Province, Boumba-and-Ngoko Division, Gari-Gombo Subdivision, along Gribi to Yokadouma road. Alternate names: Bimu, Mbimou, Mbimu, Mpo, Mpyemo.  Dialects: Jasua (Jasoa), Bidjuki (Bidjouki).  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Makaa-Njem (A.80) 
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Mpongmpong

[mgg] 45,000 (1991 SIL). East Province. Menzime and Bangantu are in Kadey Division, Mbang Subdivision, south of Batouri; others in Boumba-and-Ngoko Division, south and west of Yokadouma. Alternate names: Bombo, Mbombo, Mpompo, Mpopo, Pongpong.  Dialects: Mbobyeng (Pobyeng), Menzime (Medzime, Mezime, Mendzime), Bageto (Baagato, Bangantu, Northern Bangantu), Kunabembe (Konabembe, Nkumabem, Kunabeeb, Konabem), Mpomam (Boman, Mboman).  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Makaa-Njem (A.80) 
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Mser

[kqx] 500 in Cameroon (Tourneux 2004). 500 all Mser (Tourneux 2004). Far North Province, Logone-and-Chari Division, Kousseri Subdivision. Also in Chad. Alternate names: Kotoko-Kuseri, Kouseri, Kousseri, Kuseri.  Dialects: Shewe (Mani), Mpade (Makari), Bodo, Woulki, Digam. Comprehension of Lagwan [kot] is marginal. Related to Lagwan, Afade [aal], Malgbe [mxf], Maslam [msv], Mpade [mpi].  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Chadic, Biu-Mandara, B, B.1, Kotoko Proper, South 
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Mundabli

[boe] 1,000 (2001 SIL). North West Province, Menchum Division, Wum Subdivision, northeast of Wum, Mundabli, Bu, and Mufu villages. Alternate names: Bu.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Beboid, Western 
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Mundang

[mua] 44,700 in Cameroon (1982 SIL). Far North Province, Kaele Division, Kaele Subdivision, near Chad border north and west of Kaele; North Province, Benoue Division, south of Mayo-Kebi near Chad border. Alternate names: Kaele, Marhay, Moundan, Moundang, Musemban, Nda.  Dialects: Kiziere, Imbana (Bana, Mbana, Imbara), Zasing (Yassing, Djasing, Yasing, Jasing, Zazing), Gelama.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Adamawa-Ubangi, Adamawa, Mbum-Day, Mbum, Northern, Tupuri-Mambai 
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Mundani

[mnf] 34,000 (1987 SIL). South West Province, Manyu Division, Mamfe and north Fontem subdivisions, south of Batibo. Dialects: Bamumbo (Bamumbu), Bechati, Besali, Banti, Folepi, Iguambo (Igumbo), Bangang, Nko (Nkong).  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Wide Grassfields, Narrow Grassfields, Momo 
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Mungaka

[mhk] 50,100 (1982 SIL). North West Province, Mezam Division, Bali Subdivision; West Province, Bamboutos Division, southeast Galim Subdivision; Mifi Division, north Bafoussam Subdivision. Alternate names: Bali, Li, Munga’ka, Nga’ka, Ngaaka.  Dialects: Bali Nyonga (Bali), Ti (Bati), Nde (Bandeng).  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Wide Grassfields, Narrow Grassfields, Mbam-Nkam, Nun 
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Musey

[mse] 20,000 in Cameroon. Far North Province, Mayo-Danay Division, east of Guere on Chad border. Alternate names: Bananna, Bananna Ho, Ho, Mosi, Moussei, Moussey, Musaya, Musei, Museyna, Musiina, Musoi, Mussoi, Mussoy.  Dialects: Pe.  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Chadic, Masa 
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Musgu

[mug] 61,500 in Cameroon (1982 SIL). Population total all countries: 85,900. Far North Province, Mayo-Danay Division, Maga Subdivision. Also in Chad. Alternate names: Mousgou, Mousgoum, Mousgoun, Munjuk, Musgum, Musuk, Muzuk.  Dialects: Mpus (Pus, Pouss, Mousgoum de Pouss), Beege (Jafga), Vulum (Vlum, Mulwi), Ngilemong, Luggoy, Maniling (Mani-Iling), Muzuk (Mousgoum de Guirvidig). Vulum dialect is mainly in Chad.  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Chadic, Biu-Mandara, B, B.2 
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Muyang

[muy] 30,000. Far North Province, Mayo-Sava Division, northeast of Tokombere, Muyang, Mougouba, Gouadagouada, and Palbarar massifs. Alternate names: Mouyenge, Mouyengue, Muyenge, Myau, Myenge.  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Chadic, Biu-Mandara, A, A.5 
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Nagumi

[ngv] Extinct. North Province, Benoue Division, Garoua Subdivision between Benoue and Faro rivers and Poli Mountains. Alternate names: Bama, Mbama.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Jarawan, Cameroon 
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Naki

[mff] 3,000 (Breton 1993). 300 in Nse chiefdom. North West Province, Menchum Division, Furu-Awa Subdivision, Nse chiefdom, Naki, Mekaf, Bukpang II, and Lebo villages. Alternate names: Bunaki, Mekaf, Munkaf, Nkap.  Dialects: Member of the Eastern Beboid subgroup.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Beboid, Eastern 
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Ncane

[ncr] 15,500 (2002 SIL). North West Province, Donga-Mantung Division, Misaje Subdivision, Nkanchi, Nfume, Chunge, Bem, Kibbo and Mungong villages; Menchum Division, Bum Subdivision, Mungong. Alternate names: Cane, Nchane, Nchaney, Nchanti, Ntshanti.  Dialects: Ncane, Mungong (Mungom). Member of the Eastern Beboid subgroup. Lexical similarity: 84% with Nsari [asj], 88% with Noone [nhu].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Beboid, Eastern 
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Ndai

[gke] 5. North Province, Mayo-Rey Division, Tchollire. Alternate names: Galke, Pormi.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Adamawa-Ubangi, Adamawa, Mbum-Day, Mbum, Northern, Dama-Galke  Nearly extinct.
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Ndaktup

[ncp] 2,980 (2000). North West Province, Donga-Mantung Division, northeast of Nkambe. Dialects: Ncha, Bitui (Bitwi). Possibly mutually inherently intelligible with, or bilingual in, other Mfumte languages.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Wide Grassfields, Narrow Grassfields, Mbam-Nkam, Nkambe 
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Nda’nda’

[nnz] 10,000 (1990 SIL). West Province, straddling Upper Nkam (east of Bana), Nde (north and west of Bangante), and Mifi (south of Bangou) divisions. Alternate names: Bamileke-Nda’nda’.  Dialects: Undimeha (East Nda’nda’), Ungameha (West Nda’nda’, South Nda’nda’). Batoufam is a subdialect of East Nda’nda’.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Wide Grassfields, Narrow Grassfields, Mbam-Nkam, Bamileke 
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Ndemli

[nml] 5,950 (2000). Littoral Province, Nkam Division, between Yabassi, Yingui, and Nkondjok. Alternate names: Bandem, Bayong, Ndemba.  Dialects: Related to Tikar [tik]. The Bandobo dialect of Tikar is very similar to Ndemli.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Ndemli 
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Ndoola

[ndr] 2,120 in Cameroon (2000). Adamawa Province, Faro-and-Deo Division, south Mayo-Baleo Subdivision, upper Mayo-Deo River, Dodeo village near Nigeria border; North West Province, Donga-Mantung Division, north of Nkambe. Alternate names: Ndoro, Njoyame, Nundoro.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Northern, Mambiloid, Ndoro 
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Ngamambo

[nbv] 8,000 (2002 SIL). North West Province, Momo Division, east and southeast Mbengwi and east Batibo subdivisions; Mezam Division, Santa Subdivision, Bafuchu and Nja village areas. Alternate names: Bafuchu, Banja, Mbu, Mungyen, Nga, Ngembo.  Dialects: Lexical similarity: 88% with Meta’ [mgo].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Wide Grassfields, Narrow Grassfields, Momo 
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Ngambay

[sba]  North Province, along the route to Garoua, Mayo-Rey Division, Rey-Bouba Subdivision, near the Chad border east of Tchollire; Benoue Division, in Garoua. Alternate names: Gamb-Lai, Gamba, Gambai, Gambaye, Ngambai, Sara, Sara Ngambai.  Classification: Nilo-Saharan, Central Sudanic, West, Bongo-Bagirmi, Sara-Bagirmi, Sara, Sara Proper 
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Ngemba

[nge] 18,800 (2002 SIL). North West Province, Mezam Division, Tuba and west Bamenda subdivisions. Alternate names: Megimba, Mogimba, Ngomba, Nguemba.  Dialects: Bagangu (Akum), Njong (Banjong), Mbutu (Bambutu, Alamatu, Mbotu), Songwa (Nsongwa, Bangwa, Ngwa), Mankon (Bida), Shomba (Bamechom, Almatson), Mangkunge (Ngemba, Bandeng, Bande, Bande’, Nkune, Mukohn), Mbrerewi (Mundum 1, Bamundum 1), Anyang (Mundum 2, Bamundum 2), Alatening (Alatining). Related to Bafut [bfd], Mendankwe-Nkwen [mfd], Pinyin [pny], Awing [azo]. Distinct from Ngiemboon [nnh] (Nguemba). Lexical similarity: 87% between the Mbrerewi and Anyang dialects, 78% between Mbrerewi and Bafut, 85% between Mbrerewi and the Mankon dialect, 74% between Bafut and Mankon.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Wide Grassfields, Narrow Grassfields, Mbam-Nkam, Ngemba 
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Ngie

[ngj] 37,000 (2001 SIL). North West Province, Momo Division, west Mbengwi Subdivision, Andek area. Alternate names: Angie, Baminge, Baninge, Mingi, Ngi, Ugie, Ungie.  Dialects: Mengum. Lexical similarity: 56% between Ngie [ngj] and the Mengum dialect, which may be a separate language.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Wide Grassfields, Narrow Grassfields, Momo 
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Ngiemboon

[nnh] 250,000 (2000), increasing. 80,000 monolinguals. Many young Ngiemboon moving to urban areas because little room left in rural home area. West Province, Bamboutos Division, Batcham Subdivision and west Mbouda Subdivision in Balatchi; Menoua Division, north of Penka-Michel. Alternate names: Bamileke-Ngiemboon, Bamileke-Ngyemboon, Nguemba, Ngyemboon.  Dialects: Batcham, Balessing, Bangang, Bamougong, Balatchi, Batang.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Wide Grassfields, Narrow Grassfields, Mbam-Nkam, Bamileke 
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Ngomba

[jgo] 63,000 (1999 SIL). West Province, Bamboutos Division, south Mbouda Subdivision, southeast of Mbouda. 5 villages, each a separate dialect. Alternate names: Bamileke-Ngomba, Nda’a, Ndaa.  Dialects: Bamendjinda, Bamenkumbo, Bamesso, Babete (Bamete), Bamendjo. Dialect speakers appear to understand each other well. Bamendjinda, Bamesso, and Bamenkumbo are most similar.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Wide Grassfields, Narrow Grassfields, Mbam-Nkam, Bamileke 
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Ngombale

[nla] 45,000 (1993 SIL). West Province, Bamboutos Division, north Mbouda Subdivision, northwest of Mbouda. Alternate names: Bamileke-Ngombale.  Dialects: Babadjou (Basso, Nchobela), Bamessingue (Bassing).  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Wide Grassfields, Narrow Grassfields, Mbam-Nkam, Bamileke 
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Ngong

[nnx] 2 (Dieu and Renaud 1983). North Province, Benoue Division, south of Garoua on road to Ngaoundere, Ngong village. Alternate names: Gong, Nagumi, Puuri.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Jarawan, Cameroon  Nearly extinct.
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Ngoshie

[nsh] 9,200 (2001 SIL). North West Province, Momo Division, east Njikwa Subdivision. Alternate names: Ngishe, Oshie.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Wide Grassfields, Narrow Grassfields, Momo 
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Ngwe

[nwe] 73,200 (2001 SIL). South West Province, Lebialem Division. Alternate names: Bamileke-Ngwe, Fomopea, Fontem, Nwe, Nweh.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Wide Grassfields, Narrow Grassfields, Mbam-Nkam, Bamileke 
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Ngwo

[ngn] 22,000 (2004 SIL). North West Province, Momo Division, Njikwa Subdivision. Alternate names: Ngwaw.  Dialects: Ngwo (Nguni, Ngwaw, Miguhni, Ngunu), Konda, Basa (Bassa), Ikweri (Ekperi), Banya, Bako, Okorobi, Zang.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Wide Grassfields, Narrow Grassfields, Momo 
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Nimbari

[nmr] No known speakers. Ethnic population: 130. North Province, Benoue Division, Basheo Subdivision, Gorimbari village; Mayo-Louti Division, Guider Subdivision, Padjara-Djabi and Badjire villages. Alternate names: Bari, Niamniam, Nimbari-Kebi, Nyam-Nyam du Mayo-Kebi, Nyamnyam.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Adamawa-Ubangi, Adamawa, Leko-Nimbari, Nimbari 
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Njen

[njj] 1,800 (2002 SIL). North West Province, Momo Division, southeast of Batibo, Njen village. Alternate names: Nyen, Nzin.  Dialects: Lexical similarity: 47% with Meta [mgo].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Wide Grassfields, Narrow Grassfields, Momo 
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Njyem

[njy] 3,500 in Cameroon. 85% monolingual. Population total all countries: 7,000. East Province, Upper Nyong Division, Ngoila Subdivision. Also in Congo. Alternate names: Djem, Dzem, Ndjem, Ndjeme, Ndzem, Ngyeme, Njem, Nyem.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Makaa-Njem (A.80) 
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Nkongho

[nkc] 2,230 (2000). South West Province, Kupe-Muanenguba Division, Nguti Subdivision. Alternate names: Kinkwa, Lekongo, Upper Mbo.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Lundu-Balong (A.10) 
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Nomaande

[lem] 6,000 (1982 SIL). Center Province, Mbam Division, west and north Bokito Subdivision, southwest of Bafia. Alternate names: Lemande, Mande, Mandi, Noomaante, Numand, Pimenc.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Mbam, West (A.40) 
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Noone

[nhu] 25,000 (2001 SIL). North West Province, Bui Division, northwest Kumbo Subdivision. Alternate names: Noni, Nooni.  Dialects: Member of the Eastern Beboid subgroup. Lexical similarity: 88% with Ncane [ncr].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Beboid, Eastern 
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Nubaca

[baf] 4,500 (2007). No monolinguals. Ethnic population: 5,000. Center Province, Mbam Division, Bokito Subdivision, Yangben Canton, south of Yangben, village of Bongo, 8 quarters: Puéméné, Galala, Bupili, Buyatolo, Gafogo, Buaya, Ganok, Nikoss. Alternate names: Baca, Bango, Bongo, Central Yambassa, Nu Baca.  Dialects: Centre Nubaca, Kélendé, Nibiég. No significant dialect differences. Not intelligible with other Yambassa language varieties. Related to Elip [ekm], Dimli [diq], Mmaala [mmu].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Mbam, Yambasa (A.60) 
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Nugunu

[yas] 35,000 (1987 SIL). Center Province, Mbam Division, Ombessa and Bokito subdivisions, Ombessa area southwest. Alternate names: Behie, Beke, Gounou, Gunu, Nu Gunu, Ombessa, Yambasa, Yambassa.  Dialects: Northern Gunu, Southern Gunu.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Mbam, Yambasa (A.60) 
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Nyong

[muo] 30,000 in Cameroon (2008). North West Province, Ngo-Ketunjia Division, Balikumbat Subdivision, near Ndop Plain in Balikumbat, Baligansin, and Baligashu villages; Mezam Division, Baligham. Also in Nigeria. Alternate names: Daganonga, Daganyonga, Mubako, Mumbake, Ndagam, Nyongnepa, Samba Bali.  Dialects: They consider themselves the same ethnically as Samba Leko [ndi], but inherent intelligibility is low.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Adamawa-Ubangi, Adamawa, Leko-Nimbari, Leko 
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Nzakambay

[nzy] 13,000 in Cameroon (2000). North Province, Mayo-Rey Division, Touboro Subdivision, Touboro area. Alternate names: Mbay, Nzak Mbai, Nzak Mbay, Nzakmbay.  Dialects: Gonge (Ngonge).  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Adamawa-Ubangi, Adamawa, Mbum-Day, Mbum, Eastern Mbum, Karang 
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Nzanyi

[nja] 9,000 in Cameroon. North Province, Mayo-Louti Division, Mayo-Oulo Subdivision, Doumo region, west of Dourbeye near Nigeria border. Alternate names: Jeng, Kobochi, Kobotshi, Mzangyim, Njai, Njanyi, Njegn, Njei, Njeng, Njeny, Nzangi, Zani, Zany.  Dialects: Holma.  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Chadic, Biu-Mandara, A, A.8 
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Oblo

[obl]  Benoue Division, Pitoa Subdivision, Gobtikéré, Ouro Bé, and Ouro Badjouma areas. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Adamawa-Ubangi, Adamawa, Unclassified  Nearly extinct.
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Oku

[oku] 40,000 (1991 SIL). North West Province, Bui Division, west Jakiri Subdivision, Mt. Oku and Lake Oku area. Alternate names: Bvukoo, Ebkuo, Ekpwo, Kuo, Ukfwo, Uku.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Wide Grassfields, Narrow Grassfields, Ring, Center 
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Oroko

[bdu] 106,000 (2000). South West Province, Meme Division, Kumba Subdivision, west, north, and south of Kumba; Ndian Division, east Ekondo-Titi Subdivision. Alternate names: Bakundu-Balue, Oroko-East, Oroko-West.  Dialects: Lokundu (Bakundu, Kundu, Lakundu, Bekunde, Bawo, Nkundu), Lolue (Balue, Barue, Babue, Western Kundu, Lue), Mbonge, Ekombe (Bekombo, Ekumbe), Londo (Balondo Ba Nanga, Balondo Ba Diko), Longolo (Ngolo), Bima, Lotanga (Batanga), Lokoko (Bakoko). The Batanga dialect is distinct from Batanga [bnm] (Banoho) of Bantu A.30, and the Batanga dialect of Caka [ckx]; the Bakoko dialect is distinct from Bakoko [bkh] of Bantu A.40.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Lundu-Balong (A.10), Oroko 
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Osatu

[ost] 400 (2002 SIL). South West Province, Manyu Division, Akwaya Subdivision, southeast of Asumbo. Alternate names: Ihatum, Ossatu.  Dialects: Lexical similarity: 60% with Balo [bqo], 40% with Ipulo [ass] and Caka [ckx], 35% with Mesaka [iyo] and Esimbi [ags].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Tivoid 
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Pam

[pmn] 30 (2003 SIL). North Province, Mayo-Rey Division, near Tchollire. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Adamawa-Ubangi, Adamawa, Mbum-Day, Mbum, Unclassified  Nearly extinct.
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Pana

[pnz] 2,980 in Cameroon (2000). North Province, Mayo-Rey Division, Touboro Subdivision. Some urban areas. Alternate names: Pani.  Dialects: Man.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Adamawa-Ubangi, Adamawa, Mbum-Day, Mbum, Eastern Mbum, Karang 
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Parkwa

[pbi] 30,000 (1993 SIL). Far North Province, Mayo-Sava Division, Mora Subdivision, west and southwest of Mora. Alternate names: Gwadi Parekwa, Kudala, Padogo, Padokwa, Paduko, Parekwa, Pawdawkwa, Podogo, Podoko, Podokwo.  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Chadic, Biu-Mandara, A, A.4, Mandara Proper, Podoko 
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Peere

[pfe] 15,000 in Cameroon (1993). Northwestern Tignere Subdivision between Tignere and Nigeria border, Faro and Deo Division; northeast of Banyo, Mayo-Banyo Division, Adamawa Province. Also in Nigeria. Alternate names: Kotofo, Kotopo, Kotpojo, Koutin, Koutine, Kutin, Kutine, Kutinn, Patapori, Peer, Pere, Potopo, Potopore.  Dialects: Peer Muure, Zongbi (Djonbi), Dan Muure (Potopo, Kotopo, Kpotopo, Kotofo).  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Adamawa-Ubangi, Adamawa, Leko-Nimbari, Duru, Voko-Dowayo, Kutin 
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Pévé

[lme] 5,720 in Cameroon (2000). North Province, Mayo-Rey Division, northeast of Tchollire, Bouba-Ndjida Park area. Alternate names: Ka’do, Lamé.  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Chadic, Masa 
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Pidgin, Cameroon

[wes]  Primarily South West and North West provinces; widespread elsewhere. Alternate names: Cameroon Creole English, Wes Cos.  Dialects: Similar to Krio [kri] of Sierra Leone and Pidgin English of various West African countries; probably an offshoot of 19th century Krio. Also similar to Sranan [srn] (I. Hancock). There are dialect variations.  Classification: Creole, English based, Atlantic, Krio 
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Pinyin

[pny] 24,600 (2001 SIL). North West Province, Mezam Division, southwest Bamenda Subdivision, southwest of Bamenda. Alternate names: Bapinyi, Pelimpo.  Dialects: Related to Awing [aal], Ngemba [nge], Bafut [bfd], Mendankwe-Nkwen [mfd].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Wide Grassfields, Narrow Grassfields, Mbam-Nkam, Ngemba 
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Pol

[pmm] 38,700 in Cameroon (2000). Population total all countries: 44,130. East Province, Upper Nyong Division, Dimako Subdivision, east of Doume; Lom and Djerem Division, east of Belabo. Also in Congo. Alternate names: Congo Pol, Pomo, Pori, Pul.  Dialects: Azom (Pori Asom, Asom), Bobili, Dondi, Mambaya, Pori Kinda (Kinda).  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Kako (A.90) 
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Psikye

[kvj] 40,500 in Cameroon (1982 SIL). Population total all countries: 52,500. Far North Province, Mayo-Tsanaga Division, southwest Mokolo Subdivision. Also in Nigeria. Alternate names: Kamsiki, Kapsiki, Ptsake.  Dialects: Psikye (Kapsiki, Kamu), Zlenge. Similar to Hya [hya], Kamwe [hig] of Nigeria.  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Chadic, Biu-Mandara, A, A.3 
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Saari

[asj] 7,000 (2001 SIL). North West Province, Donga-Mantung Division, Misaje Subdivision, both sides of Ring Road between Misaje and Nkambe. 3 villages: Mbissa, Kamine, and Akweto. Alternate names: Akweto, Nsari, Pesaa, Sali.  Dialects: Member of the Eastern Beboid subgroup. Lexical similarity: 84% with Ncane [ncr].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Beboid, Eastern 
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Samba Leko

[ndi]  North Province, Faro Division, between Tchamba and Mayo-Louti River, west of Poli; south Beka Subdivision along Nigeria border. Alternate names: Chamba Leeko, Samba.  Dialects: Samba Leko (Ndii, Lekon, Lego, Leko, Laeko, Suntai), Deenu (Koola), Bangla, Samba de Wangai, Sampara.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Adamawa-Ubangi, Adamawa, Leko-Nimbari, Leko 
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Sharwa

[swq] 5,100 (2000 SIL). Far North Province, Mayo-Tsanaga Division, South Bourrah Subdivision; a few in North Province, Mayo-Louti Division. Alternate names: Sarwaye, Sherwin, Tchevi.  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Chadic, Biu-Mandara, A, A.8 
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So

[sox] 9,000 (1992 SIL). Center Province, Nyong-and-Mfoumou Division, Akonolinga Subdivision, Melan and Emvane cantons; East Province, a few in Upper Nyong Division. Alternate names: Fo, Shwo, Sso.  Dialects: Melan So, Emvane So. Dialects have vocabulary and pronunciation differences, but no reported problem with mutual intelligibility. The Melan So dialect has been influenced by Beti [btb], Ewondo [ewo], and Bulu [bum].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Makaa-Njem (A.80) 
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Suga

[sgi] 10,000 (1985). Adamawa Province, Faro-and-Deo Division, Galim area southwest of Tignere; Mayo-Banyo Division, north Banyo Subdivision, Sambolabbo area. Alternate names: Galim, “Jemjem” , Nizaa, “Njemnjem” , “Nyamnyam” , Ssuga.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Northern, Mambiloid, Suga-Vute, Suga 
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Tibea

[ngy] 1,400 (1992 SIL). Center Province, Mbam Division, extreme north Ngoro Subdivision, northeast of Bafia. 3 villages. Alternate names: Djanti, Minjanti, Ngayaba, Njanti, Nyabea, Zangnte.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Bafia (A.50) 
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Tikar

[tik] 25,000 (1989 SIL). Center Province, Mbam Division, Ngambe-Tikar Subdivision, scattered over northwest Yoko and northeast of Foumban; Adamawa Province, Mayo-Banyo Division, Bankim Subdivision; West Province, Noun Division, Magba Subdivision. Alternate names: Ndob, Ndome, Tikali, Tikar-East, Tikari, Tingkala.  Dialects: Twumwu (Tumu, Tikar de Bankim), Tige (Tikar de Ngambe), Nditam, Kong, Mankim, Gambai, Bandobo. Bandobo may be a separate language. The Bankim call their dialect Twumwu, the Ngambe call theirs Tige.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Tikar 
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Tiv

[tiv] Few in Cameroon. South West Province, Manyu Division, northeast of Akwaya on Nigeria border, Njobo (Njawbaw) village. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Tivoid 
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To

[toz]  North Province, Mayo-Rey Division, Touboro Subdivision. Also in Central African Republic. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Adamawa-Ubangi, Adamawa, Mbum-Day, Mbum, Unclassified 
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Tsuvan

[tsh] 2,300 (2000 SIL). Far North Province, Mayo-Tsanaga Division, southeast Bourrah Subdivision, northeast of Dourbeye, Tchevi village, 5 quarters found in an area 10 km in diameter; some in North Province, Mayo-Louti Division. Alternate names: Matsuvan, Motsuvan, Tchede, Telaki, Teleki, Terki.  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Chadic, Biu-Mandara, A, A.8 
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Tuki

[bag] 26,000 (1982 SIL). Center Province, Mbam Division, along Sanaga River north of Saa; north of Sanaga River between Ombessa and Ntui. Alternate names: Bacenga, Baki, Batchenga, Betsinga, Betzinga, Ki, Oki, Osa Nanga, Sanaga.  Dialects: Kombe (Tukombe, Wakombe, Bakombe), Tocenga (Tiki, Bacenga), Tsinga (Chinga, Tutsingo, Batsingo), Bundum, Tonjo (Bunju, Boudjou), Ngoro (Tu Ngoro, Uki, Aki), Mbere (Tumbele, Mbele, Bambele, Mvele, Bamvele).  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Mbam, Sanaga (A.60) 
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Tunen

[baz] 35,300 (1982 SIL). Center Province, Mbam Division, Ndikinimeki and Makenene subdivisions; Littoral Province, Nkam Division, south to east Yingui Subdivision. Alternate names: Banen, Banend, Nenni Nyo’o, Penin, Penyin.  Dialects: Eling (Alinga, Tuling), Itundu, Logananga, Ndogbang, Ndokbiakat, Ndoktuna, Ni Nyo’o (Nyo’on, Nyokon, Fung), Mese (Paningesen, Ninguessen, Sese).  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Mbam, West (A.60) 
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Tuotomb

[ttf] 1,000 (1984). Center Province, Mbam Division, Bafia Subdivision, Ndikinemeki area, Bonek village. Urban. Alternate names: Bonek, Ponek.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Mbam, West (A.40) 
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Tupuri

[tui] 125,000 in Cameroon. Population total all countries: 229,000. Far North Province, Kaele Division, southeast Moulvouday plain east of Kaele; Mayo-Danay Division, Kar-Hay Subdivision. Also in Chad. Alternate names: Dema, Honya, Mata, Ndoore, Ndore, Tongoyna, Toubouri, Toupouri, Tuburi, Wina.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Adamawa-Ubangi, Adamawa, Mbum-Day, Mbum, Northern, Tupuri-Mambai 
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Twendi

[twn] 30 (2000 B. Connell). Ethnic population: 1,000 or fewer (1991 SIL). Adamawa Province, Mayo-Banyo Division, north of Bankim, Sanga village. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Northern, Mambiloid, Mambila-Konja, Konja  Nearly extinct.
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Usaghade

[usk] 10,000 in Cameroon (1990 B. Connell). South West Province, Ndian Division, Isangele Subdivision, near the coast. Also in Nigeria. Alternate names: Isangele, Usakade, Usakedet.  Dialects: Distinct from Efik [efi] (1998 B. Connell, Crozier and Blench 1992).  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Cross River, Delta Cross, Lower Cross, Obolo, Usaghade 
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Vame

[mlr] 8,500 (1992 SIL). Far North Province, Mayo-Sava Division, Mora and Tokombere subdivisions, Southern Mora massif south of Mora. Alternate names: Maslava, Pelasla.  Dialects: Mayo-Plata (Pelasla, Plasla, Platla, Plata, Gwendele, Damlale), Mberem (Mbreme, Maslava), Demwa (Dmwa, Doume), Hurza (Hurzo, Ourza, Ourzo, Ouzza), Ndreme. Mayo-Plata is more similar to Wuzlam than the other dialects are.  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Chadic, Biu-Mandara, A, A.5 
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Vemgo-Mabas

[vem] 5,000 in Cameroon (Dieu and Renaud 1983). Far North Province, Mayo-Tsanaga Division, Mabas village on Nigeria border northwest of Mokolo. Dialects: Vemgo, Mabas.  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Chadic, Biu-Mandara, A, A.4, Lamang 
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Vengo

[bav] 27,000 (2008). North West Province, Ngo Ketunjia Division, north of Ndop on Ndop Plain. Alternate names: Babungo, Nge, Ngo, Nguu, Ngwa, Pengo, Vengi, Vengoo.  Dialects: Similar to Wushi [bse], Kenswei-Nsei [ndb], Bamunka [bvm].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Wide Grassfields, Narrow Grassfields, Ring, South 
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Vute

[vut] 20,000 in Cameroon (1997 L. Lode). 300 in Banyo (1995 B. Connell). Population total all countries: 21,000. Center Province, northeast Mbam Division; Upper Sanaga Division, near Nanga-Eboko and Mbandjok; Adamawa Province, Mayo-Banyo and Djerem divisions (near Tibati and Banyo); some in East Province, west Lom and Djerem Division. Also in Nigeria. Alternate names: ’Abotee, ’Abwetee, Baboute, Bamboute, Boute, Bubure, Bule, Bute, Foute, Luvure, Nbule, Pute, Voute, Voutere, Woute, Wute.  Dialects: Bute Bamnyo (Vute de Banyo), Vute Mbanjo (Vute de Mbandjok), Nudoo (Vute de Yangba), Nujum (Vute de Linte), Nduvum (Vute de Tibati), Nugane (Vute de Doume), Kumbere (Vute de Sangbe), Ngoro (Vute de Ngorro).  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Northern, Mambiloid, Suga-Vute, Vute 
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Wandala

[mfi] 23,500 in Cameroon (1982 SIL). Population total all countries: 43,500. Far North Province, Mayo-Sava Division, east of Mora, north and northwest in a semicircle, to Nigeria border. Also in Nigeria. Alternate names: Mandara, Mandara Montagnard, Ndara.  Dialects: Kamburwama, Masfeima, Jampalam, Ziogba, Mazagwa, Gwanje, Wandala (Mandara), Mura (Kirdi-Mora, Mora Brousse, Mora Massif, Duwe), Gamargu (Gamergou, Gamergu, Malgo, Malgwa). A dialect subgroup.  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Chadic, Biu-Mandara, A, A.4, Mandara Proper, Mandara 
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Wawa

[www] 3,000 (1991 SIL). Adamawa Province, Mayo-Banyo Division, Bankim Subdivision, west of Banyo, 13 villages. Dialects: Gandua.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Northern, Mambiloid, Suga-Vute, Vute 
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Weh

[weh] 6,900 (1994 SIL). North West Province, Menchum Division, Wum Central Subdivision, Weh village. Dialects: Little dialect variation. Similar to Aghem [agq].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Wide Grassfields, Narrow Grassfields, Ring, West 
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Wumboko

[bqm] 4,000 (2000). South West Province, Fako Division, Buea Subdivision; Meme Division, Kumba Subdivision. Alternate names: Bamboko, Bambuku, Bomboko, Bumboko, Mboko, Womboko.  Dialects: Probably intelligible with Mokpwe [bri], but different enough from Duala [dua] to possibly need separate literature.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Duala (A.20) 
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Wushi

[bse] 25,000 (2008). North West Province, Ngo Ketunjia Division, Babessi Subdivision, east of Ndop. Alternate names: Babessi, Pesii, Sii, Vesi.  Dialects: Similar to Vengo [bav], Kenswei-Nsei [ndb], Bamunka [bvm].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Wide Grassfields, Narrow Grassfields, Ring, South 
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Wuzlam

[udl] 10,500 (1982 SIL). Far North Province, Mayo-Sava Division, Tokombere Subdivision, Wuzlam Massif south of Mora. Alternate names: Mizlime, Ouldeme, Udlam, Uldeme, Uzam, Uzlam.  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Chadic, Biu-Mandara, A, A.5 
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Yamba

[yam] 40,800 in Cameroon (2000). North West Province, Donga-Mantung Division, Central Nwa Subdivision. Seasonal immigrants in Nigeria, Mambila Plateau. Also in Nigeria. Alternate names: Bebaroe, Boenga Ko, “Kaka” , Kakayamba, Mbem, Mbubem, Muzok, Swe’nga.  Dialects: Ntem, Mfe, Nkot, Ntong, Kwak.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Wide Grassfields, Narrow Grassfields, Mbam-Nkam, Nkambe 
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Yambeta

[yat] 3,700 (1982 SIL). Center Province, Mbam Division, Bafia Subdivision northwest of Bafia. Alternate names: Njambeta, Yambetta.  Dialects: Nedek, Nigii (Nigi, Begi-Nibum, Kibum). Related to Bati [btc], Mbule [mlb], Elip [ekm], Leti [leo], Mmaala [mmu], Nubaca [baf], Nugunu [yas], Tuki [bag], Yangben [yav].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Mbam, West (A.40) 
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Yangben

[yav] 2,300 (1994 SIL). Center Province, Mbam Division, Bokito Subdivision, Yangben Canton south of Bokito. Alternate names: Central Yambassa, Kalong, Nuasue, Nukalonge.  Dialects: Similar to Elip [ekm] and Mmaala [mmu].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Mbam, Yambasa (A.60) 
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Yasa

[yko] 1,490 in Cameroon (2000). Population total all countries: 2,400. South Province, Ocean Division, Campo Subdivision, on the coast near Equatorial Guinea. Also in Equatorial Guinea, Gabon. Alternate names: Bongwe, Lyaasa, Maasa, Yassa.  Dialects: A subgroup of dialects.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Bube-Benga (A.30), Yasa 
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Yemba

[ybb] 300,000. West Province, Menoua Division, Dschang area. Alternate names: Atsang-Bangwa, Bafou, Bamileke-Yemba, Bangwa, Dschang, Tchang.  Dialects: Yemba, Foreke Dschang (Dschang, Tchang).  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Wide Grassfields, Narrow Grassfields, Mbam-Nkam, Bamileke 
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Yeni

[yei] Extinct. Nyalang area north of Mayo Darle village. Classification: Unclassified 
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Yukuben

[ybl] 950 in Cameroon (Breton 1986). North West Province, Menchum Division, west of Furu-Awa, near Nigeria border. Alternate names: Ayikiben, Balaabe, Balaaben, Boritsu, Gohum, Nyikobe, Nyikuben, Uuhum, Uuhum-Gigi.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Jukunoid, Yukuben-Kuteb 
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Zhoa

[zhw]  North-West Province, Menchum Division, Fungom Subdivision. 1 village. Dialects: Most similar to Weh [weh].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Wide Grassfields, Narrow Grassfields, Ring, West 
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Zizilivakan

[ziz] 2,800 in Cameroon (2002). Far North Province, Mayo-Tsanaga Division, Bourrah Subdivision, near Nigeria border. Also in Nigeria. Alternate names: Àmzírív, Fali of Jilbu, Ziliva, Ziziliveken.  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Chadic, Biu-Mandara, A, A.8 
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Zulgo-Gemzek

[gnd] 26,000 (2002 SIL). Far North Province, Mayo-Sava Division, Tokombere Subdivision, east edge of Mandara Mountains, north of Maroua. 16 villages. Alternate names: Gemjek, Guemshek, Zulgo.  Dialects: Gemzek (Gaduwa), Mineo (Minew), Zulgo (Zoulgo, Zulgwa, Zelgwa). Slight dialect differences between villages.  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Chadic, Biu-Mandara, A, A.5 
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Zumaya

[zuy] 25 (1987 SIL). Far North Province, Diamare Division, Maroua Subdivision, Ouro-Lamorde. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Chadic, Masa  Nearly extinct.
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