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Languages of Costa Rica

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Republic of Costa Rica, República de Costa Rica. 4,327,000. National or official language: Spanish. Literacy rate: 93% (WA 1999). Immigrant languages: Basque, Eastern Yiddish, Yue Chinese (4,500). Information mainly from SIL 1967–2002. Blind population: 2,500. Deaf population: 202,625. Deaf institutions: 9. The number of individual languages listed for Costa Rica is 10. Of those, all are living languages.

[brn] 5 (1986 SIL). 30 to 35 nonfluent speakers. Ethnic population: 1,000 (1991). South coast between Playa Bonita and Golfito. Alternate names: Borunca, Brunca, Brunka, Burunca.  Classification: Chibchan, Talamanca  Nearly extinct.
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[bzd] 11,000 (2002). Ethnic population: 12,172 (2000). South, Limón Province, Canton of Talamanca, along Lari, Telire, Uren rivers; Puntarenas Province, Canton of Buenos Aires. Alternate names: Talamanca.  Dialects: Salitre-Cabagra, Amubre-Katsi, Coroma. Most similar to, but unintelligible with Cabécar [cjp], Maleku Jaika [gut], and Teribe [tfr]. At least 3 major dialects which are inherently mutually intelligible.  Classification: Chibchan, Talamanca 
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[cjp] 8,840 (2000). 7,072 monolinguals (80%). Ethnic population: 9,308 (2000). Turrialba region. Alternate names: Chirripó.  Dialects: Chirripó, Telire, Estrella, Ujarrás.  Classification: Chibchan, Talamanca 
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Costa Rican Sign Language

[csr]   Dialects: May be related to Providencia Sign Language [prz]. Lexical similarity: 60% with ASL [ase].  Classification: Deaf sign language 
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Limón Creole English

[jam] 55,100 in Costa Rica (1986). East of San José, principally along the railroad between Siquirres and Limón, south of Limón along the road. Alternate names: Southwestern Caribbean Creole English.  Classification: Creole, English based, Atlantic, Western 
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Maléku Jaíka

[gut] 750 (2000). Ethnic population: 1,074 (2000). Northern. Alternate names: Guatuso.  Classification: Chibchan, Rama 
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[gym] 5,090 in Costa Rica (2000). Ethnic population: 5,360 (2000).  Alternate names: Guaymí.  Classification: Chibchan, Guaymi 
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[pdt] 100 in Costa Rica (Minnich 1974). Sarapiqui area. Alternate names: Low German, Mennonite German.  Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, Low Saxon-Low Franconian, Low Saxon 
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[spa] 3,300,000 in Costa Rica (1995).  Alternate names: Castellano, Español.  Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Ibero-Romance, West Iberian, Castilian 
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[tfr] 5 in Costa Rica (1991 SIL). Ethnic population: 35 to 300 in Costa Rica (1991 SIL). Southeast, north coast. Alternate names: Terraba.  Classification: Chibchan, Talamanca 
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