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Languages of Gabon

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Gabonese Republic, République Gabonaise. 1,291,000. National or official language: French. Literacy rate: 70%–77%. Immigrant languages: American Sign Language. Also includes languages of Lebanon (1,000), Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, and West Africa. Information mainly from J. Bendor-Samuel and Hartell 1989; A. Jacquot 1978. Blind population: 1,300 (1982 WCE). The number of individual languages listed for Gabon is 42. Of those, all are living languages.
Baka

[bkc] 3,200 in Gabon. Cameroon border area. Alternate names: Babinga.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, North, Adamawa-Ubangi, Ubangi, Sere-Ngbaka-Mba, Ngbaka-Mba, Ngbaka, Western, Baka-Gundi 
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Barama

[bbg] 6,000 (1990 CMA). Ogooue Maritime Province, east of Omboue; Nyanga Province, west of Moabi. Alternate names: Bavarama, Ghibarama, Gibarama, Yibarambu.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Sira (B.40) 
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Bekwil

[bkw] 2,460 in Gabon (2000). Extreme northeast corner, Ogooue Ivindo Province, northeast of Mekambo. Alternate names: Bakwele, Bakwil, Bekwel, Bekwie.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Makaa-Njem (A.80) 
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Benga

[bng] 1,100 in Gabon (2004). North of Libreville, Bata. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Bube-Benga (A.30) 
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Bubi

[buw] 5,000 (1990 CMA). Ogooue-Lolo Province, west of Koulamoutou, between M’Bigou and N’djoli. Alternate names: Bhubhi, Eviia, Ibhubhi, Ibubi, Pove.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Tsogo (B.30) 
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Bwisi

[bwz] 1,230 in Gabon (2000). Far south, Nyanga Province, Ndende area on Congo border. Alternate names: Ibwisi, Mbwisi.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Sira (B.40) 
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Duma

[dma] 9,840 (2000). Upper Ogooue Province, Franceville area near Lastourville. Alternate names: Adouma, Aduma, Badouma, Douma, Liduma.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Njebi (B.50) 
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Fang

[fan] 588,000 in Gabon (2007). Northwest, Estuary and Woleu-Ntem provinces. Alternate names: Pahouin, Pamue.  Dialects: Make, Ntum, Ogowe.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Yaunde-Fang (A.70) 
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French

[fra] 37,500 in Gabon (Johnstone 1993).  Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Gallo-Romance, Gallo-Rhaetian, Oïl, French 
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Kande

[kbs] 1,000 (1990 CMA). Ogooue-Ivindo Province, west of Booue. Alternate names: Kanda, Okande.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Tsogo (B.30) 
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Kaningi

[kzo] 6,000 (1990 CMA). Upper Ogooue Province, south of Franceville. Alternate names: Bakanike, Lekaningi.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Mbere (B.60) 
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Kélé

[keb] 9,230 (2000). Scattered in Middle Ogooue Province area, Mimongo area. Alternate names: Akele, Dikele, Western Kele.  Dialects: Bubi, Western Kele. Similar to Ngom [nra]. Also related to Kota [koq], Mahongwe [mhb], Mbangwe [zmn], Ndasa [nda], Sake [sak], Seki [syi], Sighu [sxe], Wumbvu [wum].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Kele (B.20) 
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Kota

[koq] 34,400 in Gabon (2000). Population total all countries: 43,460. Ogooue-Iwindo Province. Also in Congo. Alternate names: Ikota, Ikuta, Kotu.  Dialects: Many dialects.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Kele (B.20) 
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Lumbu

[lup] 19,700 in Gabon (2000). Population total all countries: 22,720. Southwest coast, Nyanga Province, between Nyanga and Bangua rivers; Congo border. Also in Congo. Alternate names: Baloumbou, Ilumbu.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Sira (B.40) 
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Mahongwe

[mhb] 1,000 (2000 B. Connell). Northeast corner, Mekambo area. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Kele (B.20) 
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Mbama

[mbm] 9,700 in Gabon (2004). Upper Ogooue Province, south of Okondja. Alternate names: Bakota, Lembaamba, Obamba.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Mbere (B.60) 
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Mbangwe

[zmn] 3,690 in Gabon (2000). Population total all countries: 5,200. Upper Ogooue Province, south and west of Franceville. Also in Congo. Alternate names: M’bahouin, Mbahouin.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Kele (B.20) 
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Mbere

[mdt] 45,500 in Gabon (2000). All Mbere languages in Gabon: 110,000 (Johnstone 1993). Upper Ogooue Province, Okondja area. Alternate names: Ambede, Limbede, Mbédé, Mbété.  Dialects: Ngwii.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Mbere (B.60) 
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Myene

[mye] 46,700 (2000). 1,000 to 2,000 Dyumba, 1,000 to 5,000 Enenga, 2,000 to 11,000 Galwa, 1,000 to 4,000 Mpongwe, 10,000 Orungu, 20,000 Nkomi. Ogooue-Maritime and Middle Ogooue provinces, Lambarene area to coast. Mpongwe on both sides of Gabon Estuary, south of Libreville, Port Gentil area; Ajumba north of Lambarene; Enenga northeast of Lambarene; Galwa in Lambarene area and west; Nkomi on coast, southeast of Port Gentil. Alternate names: Omyene, Pangwe.  Dialects: Ajumba (Dyumba, Adyumba, Adjumba), Enenga, Galwa (Galoa, Galua, Galloa, Omyene), Mpongwe (Mpungwe, Npongwe, Pongoué, Mpongoué, Npongué), Nkomi (N’komi), Orungu (Rongo, Rungu). A dialect subgroup.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Myene (B.10) 
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Ndasa

[nda] 2,460 in Gabon (2000). Upper Ogooue Province, south of Franceville. Alternate names: Andasa, Ndash, Ndassa.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Kele (B.20) 
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Ndumu

[nmd] 4,310 (2000). Upper Ogooue Province, Lastoursville north of Franceville. Alternate names: Bandoumou, Doumbou, Dumbu, Lendumu, Mindoumou, Mindumbu, Minduumo, Ndumbo, Ndumbu, Nduumo, Ondoumbo, Ondumbo.  Dialects: Epigi, Kanandjoho, Kuya, Nyani.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Mbere (B.60) 
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Ngom

[nra] 8,240 in Gabon (2000). Population total all countries: 12,770. Extreme northeast, Mekambo area; Ogooue-Lolo Province, Koulamoutou area. Also in Congo. Alternate names: Angom, Bangom, Bangomo, Ngomo, Ongom, Ungom.  Dialects: Similar to Kele [keb].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Kele (B.20) 
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Njebi

[nzb] 120,000 in Gabon (2007). Population total all countries: 135,100. Ogooue-Lolo and Ngounie provinces, west of Franceville, to Lebamba area. Also in Congo. Alternate names: Bandzabi, Injebi, Ndjabi, Ndjevi, Njabi, Nzebi, Yinjebi, Yinzebi.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Njebi (B.50) 
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Pinji

[pic] 5,000 (1990 CMA). Ngounie Province, east of Mouila, between Eleke and Fougamou. Alternate names: Apindje, Apindji, Apinji, Gapinji.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Tsogo (B.30) 
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Punu

[puu] 123,000 in Gabon (2000). Population total all countries: 132,060. Nyanga and Ngounie provinces, Tchibanga and Ndende areas. Also in Congo. Alternate names: Ipunu, Pouno, Puno, Yipounou, Yipunu.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Sira (B.40) 
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Sake

[sak] 1,000 (2000 B. Connell). Central, Ogooue-Iwindo Province, Booue area. Alternate names: Asake, Shake.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Kele (B.20) 
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Sangu

[snq] 20,900 (2000). Ngounie Province, Mimongo and Iboundji area. Alternate names: Chango, Isangu, Shango, Yisangou, Yisangu.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Sira (B.40) 
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Seki

[syi] 3,690 in Gabon (2000). Northwest coast, Cocobeach area. Alternate names: Seke, Sekiana, Sekiani, Sekiyani, Sekyani, Seseki, Sheke, Shekiyana.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Kele (B.20) 
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Sighu

[sxe] 1,000 (1990 CMA). Ogooue-Lolo Province, Koulamoutou-Lastourville area. Alternate names: Lesighu, Mississiou.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Kele (B.20) 
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Simba

[sbw] 3,000 (1990 CMA). Ogooue-Lolo Province, between Sindare and Mimongo. Alternate names: Nsindak.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Tsogo (B.30) 
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Sira

[swj] 39,400 (2000). 250,000 in all Sira languages in Gabon (Johnstone 1993). Ngounie Province, west of Mouila, southwest of Fougamou and Mandji. Alternate names: Eshira, Gisira, Ichira, Ishira, Isira, Shira, Shire, Yichira.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Sira (B.40) 
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Tchitchege

[tck] 2,000 (2003). Mboua village, on the road south from Franceville to Boumango. Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Teke (B.70) 
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Teke, Northern

[teg] 15,700 in Gabon (2000). Upper Ogooue Province, east of Franceville. Alternate names: Iteghe, Katege, Ketego, Tege, Teghe, Teke.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Teke (B.70) 
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Teke-Tsaayi

[tyi] 33,600 in Gabon (2000).  Alternate names: Getsaayi, Tsaya, Tsaye, Tsayi.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Teke (B.70) 
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Tsaangi

[tsa] 8,610 in Gabon (2000). Upper Ogooue Province, west and southwest of Franceville. Alternate names: Batsangui, Icaangui, Itsaangi, Itsangi, Tcengui, Tchangui, Tsangi.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Njebi (B.50) 
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Tsogo

[tsv] 12,000 (1982 UBS). Ngounie Province, north and east of Mouila. Alternate names: Getsogo, Ghetsogo, Mitsogo.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Tsogo (B.30) 
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Vili

[vif] 3,690 in Gabon (2000). Extreme south, on the coast near Mayumba. Alternate names: Civili, Fiot, Fiote, Tsivili.  Dialects: Yoombe (Ciyoombe).  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Central, H, Kongo (H.10) 
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Vumbu

[vum] 2,460 (2000). Yetsou area, west of Mouila. Alternate names: Yivoumbou.  Dialects: Related to Yipunu.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Sira (B.40) 
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Wandji

[wdd] 10,500 (2000). Ogooue-Lolo and Haut Ogooue. Alternate names: Bawandji.  Dialects: May be a dialect of Njebi [nzb], which they understand.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Njebi (B.50) 
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Wumbvu

[wum] 18,300 in Gabon (2000). Ngounie Province, east of Lebamba. Also in Congo. Alternate names: Wumvu.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Kele (B.20) 
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Yangho

[ynh] 5,000 (1990). Haut Ogooue around Mamidi and Bakoumba. Alternate names: Bayongho, Miyangho, Yongho.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Mbere (B.60) 
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Yasa

[yko]   Alternate names: Bongwe, Lyassa, Maasa, Yassa.  Dialects: Iyasa, Bweko, Vendo, Bodele, Marry, One, Asonga, Bomui, Mogana, Mooma, Mapanga.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Bube-Benga (A.30), Yasa 
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