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Languages of Georgia

Georgia. 4,473,000. National or official languages: Georgian, Abkhaz. Literacy rate: 99%. Immigrant languages: Armenian (448,000), Chechen, Greek (38,000), Lak (250), Lezgi (3,650), Lishán Didán (120), Pontic (120,000), Russian (372,000), Tatar (3,100), Turkish (3,100), Udi (500), Ukrainian (52,000). Information mainly from E. Haby 1975; A. Kibrik 1991; T. Sebeok 1963. The number of individual languages listed for Georgia is 13. Of those, all are living languages.
Abkhaz

[abk] 101,000 in Georgia (1993). Population total all countries: 117,350. Abkhaz Republic, Black Sea coast. Also in Russian Federation (Asia), Turkey (Asia), Ukraine. Alternate names: Abxazo.  Dialects: Bzyb, Abzhui, Samurzakan.  Classification: North Caucasian, West Caucasian, Abkhaz-Abazin 
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Assyrian Neo-Aramaic

[aii] 3,000 in Georgia (1999). Ethnic population: 14,000. Erevan and scattered throughout Transcaucasia. Alternate names: Aisorski.  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, Aramaic, Eastern, Central, Northeastern 
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Azerbaijani, North

[azj] 360,000 in Georgia (2007).  Classification: Altaic, Turkic, Southern, Azerbaijani 
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Bats

[bbl] 3,420 (2000). Kakheti region, Talavei District, Zemo-Alvani (Upper Alvani). Alternate names: Bac, Batsaw, Batsba, Batsbi, Batsbiitsy, Batsi, Tsova-Tush, Tush.  Classification: North Caucasian, East Caucasian, Nakh, Batsi 
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Bohtan Neo-Aramaic

[bhn] 1,000 in Georgia (1999 S. Fox). Mainly Garbadani village. Also in Russian Federation (Asia). Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, Aramaic, Eastern, Central, Northeastern 
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Georgian

[kat] 3,900,000 in Georgia (1993 UBS). Population total all countries: 4,255,270. Ethnic population: 3,981,000 (1993 UBS). Also in Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russian Federation (Asia), Tajikistan, Turkey (Asia), Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United States, Uzbekistan. Alternate names: Common Kartvelian, Gruzinski, Kartuli.  Dialects: Imeretian, Racha-Lexchxum (Lechkhum), Gurian, Adzhar (Acharian), Imerxev Kartlian, Kaxetian (Kakhetian), Ingilo, Tush, Xevsur (Kheysur), Moxev (Mokhev), Pshav, Mtiul, Ferejdan, Meskhur-Javakhuri. Imerxev is in Turkey, Ferejdan may no longer be spoken in Iran.  Classification: Kartvelian, Georgian 
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Judeo-Georgian

[jge] 20,000 in Georgia (1995).  Classification: Kartvelian, Georgian 
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Kurdish, Northern

[kmr] 40,000 in Georgia (1991). Tblisi area. Alternate names: Kurdî, Kurmancî, Kurmanji.  Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western, Northwestern, Kurdish 
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Laz

[lzz] 2,000 in Georgia (1982). Adjar, Georgia, a few villages. Alternate names: Chan, Chanuri, Chanzan, Laze, Zan.  Dialects: Xopa (Hopa), Chxala (Ckhala), Vice-Arxava (Vital-Arkhava), Atina, Samurzakan-Zugdidi, Senaki.  Classification: Kartvelian, Zan 
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Mingrelian

[xmf] 500,000 (1989 B. Hewitt). Lowland west Georgia. Alternate names: Margaluri, Megrel, Megruli.  Dialects: Officially considered a single language with Laz [lzz] called Zan, but linguists recognize they are not inherently mutually intelligible.  Classification: Kartvelian, Zan 
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Osetin

[oss] 100,000 in Georgia (Johnstone and Mandryk 2001). Population total all countries: 641,450. Also in Azerbaijan, Germany, Kazakhstan, Russian Federation (Asia), Tajikistan, Turkey (Asia), Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan. Alternate names: Ossete, Ossetian.  Dialects: Digor, Tagaur, Kurtat, Allagir, Tual, Iron.  Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Eastern, Northeastern 
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Svan

[sva] 15,000 (2000 A. Kibrik). Ethnic population: 15,000 (2000 A. Kibrik). Svantetia region. Alternate names: Svanuri.  Dialects: Upper Bal, Lower Bal, Lashx, Lentex.  Classification: Kartvelian, Svan 
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Urum

[uum] 97,700 in Georgia (2000). Population total all countries: 192,700. Caucasus. Recent emigration from Georgia to Greece. Also in Greece, Ukraine. Dialects: Related to Crimean Tatar [tat]. A number of inherently intelligible dialects.  Classification: Altaic, Turkic 
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