Ethnologue > Web version > Country index > Americas > Guadeloupe

Languages of Guadeloupe

See language map.
Guadeloupe. 438,000. National or official language: French. A French Department in the Leeward Islands. 2 large islands: Basse Terre, Grande Terre; also Marie Galante, the Saintes group, Desirade, St. Barthélemy, most of St. Martin. Literacy rate: 89%–90%. The number of individual languages listed for Guadeloupe is 4. Of those, all are living languages.

[eng] 200 in Guadeloupe (2002). St. Barthélemy Island. Dialects: Gustavia English (St. Barth English).  Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, English 
More information.


[fra] 7,300 in Guadeloupe (2004).  Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Gallo-Romance, Gallo-Rhaetian, Oïl, French 
More information.

Guadeloupean Creole French

[gcf] 430,000 in Guadeloupe (2001). Population total all countries: 848,000. Eastern St. Barthélemy, Marie Galante islands. Also in Martinique. Alternate names: Kreyol, Martiniquan Creole French, Patois, Patwa.  Dialects: Marie Galante Creole French, St. Barth Creole French. St. Barth Creole is distinct in grammatical, phonological, and lexical features, and may be a separate language (Maher 1989). Comprehension of Saint Lucia Creole [acf] is 89%.  Classification: Creole, French based 
More information.


[hat] 12,000 in Guadeloupe (2004). St. Maarten, St. Barths, and Guadeloupe. Alternate names: Creole, Haitian Creole.  Classification: Creole, French based 
More information.