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Languages of Equatorial Guinea

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Republic of Equatorial Guinea, República de Guinea Ecuatorial. Formerly Spanish Guinea. 484,000. National or official languages: Spanish, French. Literacy rate: 55%–72%. Also includes Lebanese, English (USA), Arabic, Hindi. Information mainly from J. Bendor-Samuel and Hartell 1989; J. Holm 1989; A. Jacquot 1978; A. Pendi 1991; SIL 1987–2007. Blind population: 800 (1982 WCE). The number of individual languages listed for Equatorial Guinea is 14. Of those, all are living languages.
Batanga

[bnm] 9,000 in Equatorial Guinea (Johnstone and Mandryk 2001). Population total all countries: 15,000. Also in Cameroon. Alternate names: Bano’o, Banoho, Banoo, Noho, Nohu, Noku.  Dialects: Bapuku (Puku, Naka, Bapuu). The Puku are one of the Ndowe coastal peoples.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Bube-Benga (A.30) 
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Benga

[bng] 3,000 in Equatorial Guinea (1995). 400 on Corisco Island. Population total all countries: 4,100. Corisco Island, Rio Muni. Also in Gabon. Dialects: Related to Batanga [bnm].  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Bube-Benga (A.30) 
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Bube

[bvb] 40,000 (1995 UBS). Biombo Island, Fernando Po. Alternate names: Adeeyah, Adija, Bobe, Boobe, Boombe, Bubi, Ediya, Fernandian.  Dialects: North Bobe, Southwest Bobe, Southeast Bobe.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Bube-Benga (A.30) 
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Fa D’ambu

[fab] 2,500 in Equatorial Guinea (1999 SIL). Population total all countries: 3,100. Annobón Island, isolated from mainland by 360 km of ocean (2,000); Bioko Island, Malabo (500), a few on continental Equatorial Guinea. Also in Spain. Alternate names: Annobonense, Annobonés, Annobonese.  Dialects: Different from Fernando Po Krio [fpe] and Crioulo [pov] of Guinea-Bissau and Kabuverdianu. Little variation between Annobonese in Annobón and Malabo. Lexical similarity: 62.5% with Sãotomense [cri]. 10% of the lexicon comes from Spanish.  Classification: Creole, Portuguese based 
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Fang

[fan] 297,000 in Equatorial Guinea (2007). Population total all countries: 1,027,900. Interior. Also in Cameroon, Congo, Gabon, São Tomé e Príncipe. Alternate names: Pahouin, Pamue.  Dialects: Make, Ntum (Ntumu). Intelligible with Bulu [bum] and Ewondo [ewo] as part of the Beti language subgroup.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Yaunde-Fang (A.70) 
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Fernando Po Creole English

[fpe] 5,000 (1998 S. Smith). North central Bioko Island, Fernando Po, 6 communities in Malabo area: Musola, Las Palmas, Sampaca, Basupu, Fiston, Balveri de Cristo Rey. Alternate names: Criollo, Equatorial Guinean Pidgin, Fernandino, Fernando Po Krio, Pidginglis.  Dialects: Pidginglis may be a separate language from Krio.  Classification: Creole, English based, Atlantic, Krio 
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French

[fra]  Mostly cities. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Gallo-Romance, Gallo-Rhaetian, Oïl, French 
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Gyele

[gyi] 29 in Equatorial Guinea (1998 govt.). Coast, northwest corner. Alternate names: Babinga, Bagiele, Bagyele, Bajele, Bajeli, Bako, Bakola, Bakuele, Bekoe, Bogyel, Bogyeli, Bondjiel, Giele, Gieli, Gyeli, Likoya.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Makaa-Njem (A.80) 
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Kwasio

[nmg] 8,500 in Equatorial Guinea (1982 SIL). Rio Muni. Alternate names: Bujeba, Mabea, Mabi, Mgoumba, Mvumbo, Ngoumba, Ngumba.  Dialects: Kwasio (Bisio, Bissio, Bisiwo).  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Makaa-Njem (A.80) 
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Molengue

[bxc] 1,000 (2002 SIL). South tip and Rio Benito, inland. Alternate names: Balengue, Molendji.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Unclassified 
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Ngumbi

[nui] 4,000 (1995). Rio Muni coast, including Ecuco village. Alternate names: Combe, Kombe.  Dialects: Asonga, Bomudi, Moganda. In Yasa (Bongwe) subgroup. May be a dialect of Yasa [yko]. One of the Ndowe coastal peoples.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Bube-Benga (A.30), Yasa 
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Seki

[syi] 11,000 in Equatorial Guinea (Johnstone and Mandryk 2001). Population total all countries: 14,690. Coastal. Also in Gabon. Alternate names: Beseki, Bulu, Seke, Sekiana, Sekiani, Sekiyani, Sekyani, Sheke, Shekiyana.  Dialects: Different from Bulu of [bum] Cameroon. One of 3 groups known as ‘semi-playeros’ because they function well on the coast and in the jungle.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, B, Kele (B.20) 
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Spanish

[spa] 11,500 in Equatorial Guinea (Johnstone 1993). Mainly Biombo Island. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Ibero-Romance, West Iberian, Castilian 
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Yasa

[yko] 910 in Equatorial Guinea (2000). Rio Muni. Yasa in Rio Ntem. Alternate names: Bongwe, Lyassa, Maasa, Yassa.  Dialects: Iyasa, Bweko, Vendo, Bodele, Marry, One, Asonga, Bomui, Mogana, Mooma, Mapanga.  Classification: Niger-Congo, Atlantic-Congo, Volta-Congo, Benue-Congo, Bantoid, Southern, Narrow Bantu, Northwest, A, Bube-Benga (A.30), Yasa 
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