Ethnologue.com home
Ethnologue > Web version > Country index > Americas > Haiti

Languages of Haiti

See language map.
Republic of Haiti, République d’Haiti. 9,296,000. National or official languages: Haitian, French. Literacy rate: 23%–33%. Blind population: 60,000. Deaf population: 93,549. Deaf institutions: 4. The number of individual languages listed for Haiti is 3. Of those, 2 are living languages and 1 is a second language without mother-tongue speakers.
French

[fra] 600 in Haiti (2004).  Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Gallo-Romance, Gallo-Rhaetian, Oïl, French 
More information.

Haitian

[hat] 6,960,000 in Haiti (2001). Population total all countries: 7,701,640. Widespread. Also in Bahamas, Canada, Cayman Islands, Dominican Republic, French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Puerto Rico, Turks and Caicos Islands, United States. Alternate names: Creole, Haitian Creole.  Dialects: Fablas, Plateau Haitian Creole. Linguistic influences from Wolof [wol] (Benjamin 1956), Fon [fon], and Éwé [ewe] (C. Lefebvre) of West Africa.  Classification: Creole, French based 
More information.

Haitian Vodoun Culture Language

[hvc]   Alternate names: Langaj, Langay.  Classification: Unclassified 
More information.