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Languages of Cambodia

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Kingdom of Cambodia. Formerly State of Cambodia, Kampuchea, Khmer Republic. 13,956,000. 13,021,254 or 95% speakers of Austro-Asiatic languages, 310,381 or 2% speakers of Austronesian languages (1990). National or official language: Central Khmer. Literacy rate: 48%–50%. Immigrant languages: Mandarin Chinese, Min Nan Chinese (350,000). Information mainly from F. Lebar, G. Hickey, J. Musgrave 1964; D. Thomas and R. Headley 1970; S. Wurm and S. Hattori 1981. Blind population: 40,000 (1982 WCE). Deaf population: 622,366. The number of individual languages listed for Cambodia is 23. Of those, all are living languages.
Brao

[brb] 7,970 in Cambodia (2006 Rat PDP). Northeast Cambodia, north part of Ratanakiri Province, especially Ta Veaeng District, Sesan River area. Alternate names: Braou, Brou, Lave, Laveh, Love, Proue.  Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Bahnaric, West Bahnaric, Brao-Kravet 
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Cham, Western

[cja] 290,000 in Cambodia (2006 Ministry of Interior). Population total all countries: 321,020. Near major cities and along the Mekong. Also in Australia, France, Indonesia (Java and Bali), Libya, Malaysia (Peninsular), Saudi Arabia, Thailand, United States, Viet Nam, Yemen. Alternate names: Cambodian Cham, Cham, New Cham, Tjam.  Dialects: Differs somewhat from Eastern Cham [cjm] of central Viet Nam.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Malayo-Sumbawan, North and East, Chamic, Coastal, Cham 
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Chong

[cog] 5,000 in Cambodia. Population total all countries: 5,500. Pursat Province, Thai-Cambodia border southeast of Chantaburi. Also in Thailand. Alternate names: Chawng, Shong, Xong.  Dialects: Related to Somray [smu] in Cambodia.  Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Pearic, Western, Chong 
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English

[eng]   Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, English 
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French

[fra]   Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Gallo-Romance, Gallo-Rhaetian, Oïl, French 
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Jarai

[jra] 20,200 in Cambodia (2006 Rat PDP). Ratanakiri Province, Bar Kaev, Andoung Meas, Ou Ya Dav districts principally, northeast border near Viet Nam. Alternate names: Cho-Rai, Chor, Chrai, Djarai, Gia-Rai, Gio-Rai, Jorai, Mthur.  Dialects: Puan, Hodrung (Hdrung), Jhue, Aráp, Habau (Ho-Bau), To-Buan, Sesan, Chuty, Pleikly, Golar.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Malayo-Sumbawan, North and East, Chamic, Highlands 
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Kaco’

[xkk] 3,370 (2007). Ratanakiri Province, Andoung Meas and Veun Sai districts. Alternate names: Kachah’.  Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Bahnaric, Central Bahnaric 
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Kavet

[krv] 2,380 (2006 Rat PDP). Stung Treng and Ratanakiri provinces, Laos-Cambodia border area. Alternate names: Khvek, Kowet, Kravet.  Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Bahnaric, West Bahnaric, Brao-Kravet 
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Khmer, Central

[khm] 12,300,000 in Cambodia (2006). Population total all countries: 13,603,400. Widespread. Also in Canada, China, France, Laos, United States, Viet Nam. Alternate names: Cambodian, Khmer.  Dialects: Distinct from Northern Khmer [kxm] of Thailand.  Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Khmer 
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Kraol

[rka] 1,960 (1996 CAS). Kratie Province. Dialects: Not intelligible to Mnong [cmo].  Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Bahnaric, South Bahnaric, Sre-Mnong, Mnong, Southern-Central Mnong 
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Kru’ng 2

[krr] 18,400 (2006 Rat PDP). Stung Treng and Ratanakiri provinces, Laos-Cambodia border area. Alternate names: Kreung.  Dialects: Brao [brb] and Kavet [krv] are inherently intelligible with Kru’ng 2.  Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Bahnaric, West Bahnaric, Brao-Kravet 
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Kuy

[kdt] 37,700 in Cambodia (2007). Northeast Cambodia, Preah Vihear Province, most districts; east Siem Reap, north Kampong Thom, west Stung Traeng, and Kratie provinces. Alternate names: Kuay.  Dialects: Kuy Antra, Kuy Anthua, Kuy May (Kuy Ma’ay), Kuy Mlor.  Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Katuic, West Katuic, Kuay-Nheu 
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Lamam

[lmm] 1,000 (Wurm and Hattori 1981). Northeast corner on Viet Nam border. Alternate names: Lmam.  Dialects: Related to Bahnar [bdq], Tampuan [tpu], Alak 1 [alk]. Perhaps identified with Kaco’ [xkk].  Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Bahnaric, Central Bahnaric 
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Lao

[lao] 17,000 in Cambodia.  Classification: Tai-Kadai, Kam-Tai, Be-Tai, Tai-Sek, Tai, Southwestern, Lao-Phutai 
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Mnong, Central

[cmo] 20,000 in Cambodia (2002). Northeast, 80% of Mondolkiri Province, all districts. Alternate names: Budong, Bunong, Phanong, Phnong, Phong.  Dialects: Biat, Preh, Bu Nar, Bu Rung, Dih Bri, Bu Dang.  Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Bahnaric, South Bahnaric, Sre-Mnong, Mnong, Southern-Central Mnong 
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Pear

[pcb] 1,670 (Helmers and Wallgren 2002). Preah Vihear Province (formerly part of Kampong Thom Province). Alternate names: Por.  Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Pearic, Eastern 
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Samre

[sxm] 50 (2000 D. Bradley). Ethnic population: 200 (2000 D. Bradley). Just north of Siemreap. Dialects: Related to Sa’och [scq], Suoy [syo], Pear [pcb].  Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Pearic, Western, Samre  Nearly extinct.
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Sa’och

[scq] 180 (1996 CAS), decreasing. Southwest near Kompong Som on the coast. Alternate names: Saotch, Sauch.  Dialects: Related to Samre [sxm], Suoy [syo], Pear [pcb].  Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Pearic, Western, Chong 
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Somray

[smu] 4,000 (2005 J. Ironside). Pursat Province, north, east, and west of Phum Tasanh, and Tanyong River around Phum Pra Moi; 2 areas. Dialects: Related to Chong [cog].  Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Pearic, Western, Samre 
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Stieng, Bulo

[sti] 6,060 in Cambodia (2000). East, Kratie Province, Snuol District, and southern Mondolkiri. Alternate names: Kajiang.  Dialects: Budip, Bulo.  Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Bahnaric, South Bahnaric, Stieng-Chrau 
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Suoy

[syo] 930 (2004), decreasing. Central, northwest of Phnom Penh. Dialects: Related to Sa’och [scq], Samre [sxm], Pear [pcb].  Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Pearic, Western, Suoy 
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Tampuan

[tpu] 31,100 in Cambodia (2006 Rat PDP). Northeast border area, Central Ratanakiri Province, south of Brao, west of Jarai. Also in Laos. Alternate names: Campuon, Kha Tampuon, Proon, Proons, Tamphuan, Tampuen, Tampuon.  Dialects: Related to Bahnar [bdq], but geographically separated.  Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Eastern Mon-Khmer, Bahnaric, Central Bahnaric 
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Vietnamese

[vie] 393,000 in Cambodia (2000).  Classification: Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Viet-Muong, Vietnamese 
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