Languages of Lebanon
Republic of Lebanon, al-Jumhouriya al-Lubnaniya. 4,011,000. National or official languages: Standard Arabic, French. Literacy rate: 70%–75%. Immigrant languages: Assyrian Neo-Aramaic (1,000), Chaldean Neo-Aramaic (18,000), Turoyo (18,000). Information mainly from W. Fischer and O. Jastrow 1980; H. Fleisch 1974; T. Sebeok 1963. Blind population: 5,000. Deaf population: 219,480. Deaf institutions: 13. The number of individual languages listed for Lebanon is 6. Of those, all are living languages.
|Arabic, North Levantine Spoken||
3,900,000 in Lebanon (1991). Widespread.
Alternate names: Lebanese-Syrian Arabic, Levantine Arabic, Syro-Lebanese Arabic.
Dialects: North Lebanese Arabic, South Lebanese Arabic (Shii, Metuali), North-Central Lebanese Arabic (Mount Lebanon Arabic), South-Central Lebanese Arabic (Druze Arabic), Standard Lebanese Arabic, Beqaa Arabic, Sunni Beiruti Arabic, Saida Sunni Arabic, Iqlim-Al-Kharrub Sunni Arabic, Jdaideh Arabic.
Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic
75,000 in Lebanon (Meho 2002). Ethnic population: 215,384. Beirut; Sidon, Tripoli, and Biqa Valley.
Dialects: Mhallami (Mardinli).
Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western, Northwestern, Kurdish