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Languages of Morocco

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Kingdom of Morocco, al-Mamlaka al-Maghrebia. 30,495,000. National or official language: Standard Arabic. Literacy rate: 30%–50%. Immigrant languages: French (80,000). Information mainly from J. Applegate 1970; J. Chetrit 1985; D. Cohen 1963, 1985; C. Coon 1931; Y. Zavadovskii 1962. Blind population: 35,000 (1982 WCE). Deaf institutions: 1. The number of individual languages listed for Morocco is 11. Of those, 9 are living languages and 2 have no known speakers.
Arabic, Hassaniyya

[mey] 40,000 in Morocco (1995). South from Laayoune. Alternate names: Hasanya, Hassani, Maure, Mauri, Moor, Sahrawi, Sulaka.  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic 
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Arabic, Judeo-Moroccan

[aju] 8,930 in Morocco (2000). Casablanca. Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic 
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Arabic, Moroccan Spoken

[ary] 18,800,000 in Morocco (1995). Population total all countries: 21,048,900. North, south of Atlas Mountains, including Sahara port cities. Also in Belgium, Egypt, France, Germany, Gibraltar, Libya, Netherlands, United Kingdom, Western Sahara. Alternate names: Colloquial Arabic, Maghrebi Arabic, Maghribi, Moroccan Arabic, Moroccan Colloquial Arabic, Moroccan Dareja, Moroccan Darija, Moroccan Dereja.  Dialects: Rabat-Casablanca Arabic, Fez, Meknes, Tangier, Oujda, Jebli (Jebelia, Jbala), Southern Morocco Arabic, Marrakech.  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic 
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Arabic, Standard

[arb]   Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic 
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Ghomara

[gho] Extinct. North and west of Tamazight, a small region near Chechaouen, west Rif mountains, Oued Laou Valley. Dialects: Ghomara is intelligible with Tarifit [rif] (Coon 1939).  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Berber, Northern, Zenati, Ghomara 
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Moroccan Sign Language

[xms]  Tetouan, other cities. Alternate names: MSL.  Dialects: Algerian Sign Language [asp] has influenced the strong deaf community of 60 to 70 men in the city of Oujda in the north. Lexical similarity: less than 50% with American Sign Language [ase].  Classification: Deaf sign language 
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Senhaja de Srair

[sjs] Extinct. North, west of Tarifit. Alternate names: Sanhaja of Srair, Sinhaja Srir.  Dialects: A separate language from Tarifit [rif].  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Berber, Northern, Zenati, Riff 
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Spanish

[spa] 20,000 in Morocco (Johnstone 1993). North coast scattered. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Ibero-Romance, West Iberian, Castilian 
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Tachelhit

[shi] 3,000,000 in Morocco (1998). Southwest, from coast south to Ifni, north to near Agadir, northeast to Marrakech outskirts, east to Draa, including Sous valley, and south near the border. Also in Algeria, France. Alternate names: Shilha, Southern Shilha, Susiua, Tachilhit, Tashelheyt, Tashelhit, Tashilheet, Tasoussit.  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Berber, Northern, Atlas 
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Tamazight, Central Atlas

[tzm] 3,000,000 in Morocco (1998). Population total all countries: 3,150,000. Middle Atlas, High Atlas, east High Atlas Mountains. 1,200,000 in rural areas between Taza, Khemisset, Azilal, Errachidia; 100,000 outside language area. Also in Algeria, France. Alternate names: Central Shilha, Middle Atlas Berber, Shilha.  Dialects: Central Atlas, South Oran. Much variety in dialects. May be more than one language.  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Berber, Northern, Atlas 
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Tarifit

[rif] 1,500,000 in Morocco (1991). Population total all countries: 1,700,000. North. Dialects listed are near Al Hoceima. Also in Algeria, Belgium, France, Germany, Netherlands, Spain. Alternate names: Northern Shilha, Rifeño, Rifi, Rifia, Shilha.  Dialects: Urrighel, Beni Iznassen (Beni Snassen). There may be other dialects. Beni Iznassen may be a separate language.  Classification: Afro-Asiatic, Berber, Northern, Zenati, Riff 
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