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Languages of Mauritius

Mauritius. 1,241,000. Ethnically 685,170 or 69% of the population from India. National or official languages: English, French. Includes Rodrigues; 4 islands. Literacy rate: 90%–94%. Immigrant languages: Eastern Panjabi (26,000), Gujarati (3,340), Hakka Chinese (35,000), Mandarin Chinese, Marathi (11,800), Telugu (10,700), Yue Chinese. Information mainly from P. Baker 1972; P. Baker and R. Ramnak 1985; R. Barz and J. Siegel 1988; T. Eriksen 1990. Blind population: 250. Deaf institutions: 2. The number of individual languages listed for Mauritius is 6. Of those, all are living languages.

[bho] 336,000 in Mauritius (Johnstone and Mandryk 2001). Urban and rural. Dialects: Mauritian Bhojpuri, Bojpury.  Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Eastern zone, Bihari 
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[eng] 3,000 in Mauritius (Johnstone 1993).  Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, English 
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[fra] 37,000 in Mauritius.  Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Gallo-Romance, Gallo-Rhaetian, Oïl, French 
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[mfe] 800,000 in Mauritius (2005). Population total all countries: 806,000. Also in France, Madagascar, United Kingdom. Alternate names: Kreol, Kreole, Mauritian, Mauritius Creole French, Maurysen.  Dialects: Rodrigues Creole. More similar to French creoles of the Caribbean than to Réunion Creole (Baker 1972).  Classification: Creole, French based 
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[tam] 31,000 in Mauritius (Johnstone and Mandryk 2001).  Classification: Dravidian, Southern, Tamil-Kannada, Tamil-Kodagu, Tamil-Malayalam, Tamil 
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[urd] 64,000 in Mauritius (Johnstone 1993).  Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Central zone, Western Hindi, Hindustani 
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