Languages of Mauritius
Mauritius. 1,241,000. Ethnically 685,170 or 69% of the population from India. National or official languages: English, French. Includes Rodrigues; 4 islands. Literacy rate: 90%–94%. Immigrant languages: Eastern Panjabi (26,000), Gujarati (3,340), Hakka Chinese (35,000), Mandarin Chinese, Marathi (11,800), Telugu (10,700), Yue Chinese. Information mainly from P. Baker 1972; P. Baker and R. Ramnak 1985; R. Barz and J. Siegel 1988; T. Eriksen 1990. Blind population: 250. Deaf institutions: 2. The number of individual languages listed for Mauritius is 6. Of those, all are living languages.
336,000 in Mauritius (Johnstone and Mandryk 2001). Urban and rural.
Dialects: Mauritian Bhojpuri, Bojpury.
Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Eastern zone, Bihari
800,000 in Mauritius (2005). Population total all countries: 806,000. Also in France, Madagascar, United Kingdom.
Alternate names: Kreol, Kreole, Mauritian, Mauritius Creole French, Maurysen.
Dialects: Rodrigues Creole. More similar to French creoles of the Caribbean than to Réunion Creole (Baker 1972).
Classification: Creole, French based