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Languages of Norway

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Kingdom of Norway, Kongeriket Norge. 4,639,000. National or official language: Norwegian. Literacy rate: 96%–100%. Immigrant languages: Danish (12,000), English, Finnish (5,360), Northern Kurdish (3,000), Russian (3,000), Spanish (6,500), Swedish (21,000), Tibetan, Urdu, Vietnamese (99,000). Also includes Chinese (3,000), and languages of Africa (7,000), and Pakistan (17,000). Information mainly from B. Comrie 1987; I. Hancock 1991; J. Hupli 1998; M. Stephens 1976; B. Winsa 1998. Blind population: 4,000 (1982 WCE). Deaf population: Estimates range from 4,000 to 261,618. Deaf institutions: 12. The number of individual languages listed for Norway is 10. Of those, all are living languages.
Finnish, Kven

[fkv] 6,500 (1998 The Federation of Norwegian Kven People). North; Tromso and Finnmark counties, Ruija, Kveeniland; Tromso City; Oteren, Skibotn, Storslett, Kvaenangsbotn, Nordreisa, Alta, Borselv, Neiden, Bygoynes, Vadso. Alternate names: Kven, North Finnish.  Dialects: Standard Finnish [fin] speakers generally understand, except for some vocabulary. More similar to Tornedalen Finnish [fit] (see Sweden) than to Standard Finnish. Various dialects: northern west coast varieties differ from eastern ones. Kven has integrated Norwegian loans, whereas Tornedalen has integrated Swedish [swe] loans.  Classification: Uralic, Finnic 
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[nor] 4,640,000.  Dialects: Bokmål, Nynorsk.  Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, North, East Scandinavian, Danish-Swedish, Danish-Bokmal 
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Norwegian Sign Language

[nsl] 4,000 (Van Cleve 1986).  Dialects: Holmestrand, Oslo, Trondheim. Intelligible with Danish [dsl] and Swedish [swl] sign languages with only moderate difficulty. Not intelligible with Finnish Sign Language [fse].  Classification: Deaf sign language 
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Norwegian, Traveller

[rmg]   Alternate names: Norwegian Traveller, Rodi.  Dialects: Based on Norwegian with heavy lexical borrowing from Northern Romani varieties and German Rotwelsch [rmd]. Not intelligible with Angloromani [rme].  Classification: Mixed language, Norwegian-Romani 
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Romani, Tavringer

[rmu] 6,000 in Norway (1998 Hallman). East and north. Alternate names: Rommani, Svensk Rommani, “Tattare” , Traveller Swedish.  Classification: Mixed language, Swedish-Romani 
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Romani, Vlax

[rmy] 500 in Norway (Johnstone 1993). 3,500 ethnicGypsies in Norway.  Dialects: Lovari.  Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Central zone, Romani, Vlax 
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Saami, Lule

[smj] 500 in Norway (Krauss 1995). Ethnic population: 1,000 to 2,000 in Norway (Krauss 1995). 31,600 to 42,600 ethnic Sámi in Norway (1995). Tysfjord, Hamaroy, and Folden. Alternate names: Lule, Saame.  Classification: Uralic, Sami, Western, Northern 
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Saami, North

[sme] 15,000 in Norway (Krauss 1995). Population total all countries: 20,700. Ethnic population: 30,000 to 40,000 in Norway (Krauss 1995). Finnmark, Troms, Nordland, Ofoten. Also in Finland, Sweden. Alternate names: “Lapp” , “Northern Lappish” , Northern Saami, “Norwegian Lapp” , Saami, Same, Samic.  Dialects: Ruija, Torne, Sea Lappish.  Classification: Uralic, Sami, Western, Northern 
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Saami, Pite

[sje]  Between Saltenfjord and Ranenfjord. Alternate names: “Lapp” , Pite.  Classification: Uralic, Sami, Western, Northern  Nearly extinct.
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Saami, South

[sma] 300 in Norway (Krauss 1995). Ethnic population: 600 in Norway. Hatfjelldal and Wefsen, south to Elga. Alternate names: “Northern Lappish” , “Norwegian Lapp” , Saami, Same, Samic.  Classification: Uralic, Sami, Western, Southern 
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