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Languages of French Polynesia

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French Overseas Territory of French Polynesia. 256,000. National or official languages: French, Tahitian. Includes Marquesas Islands, Gambier Islands, Austral Islands, Tuamotu Archipelago, Tahiti and Society Islands. Literacy rate: 82%–95%. Immigrant languages: Rapa Nui, Rarotongan (870). Information mainly from N. Besnier 1992; S. Wurm and S. Hattori 1981. The number of individual languages listed for French Polynesia is 9. Of those, all are living languages.
Austral

[aut] 8,000 (1987). Austral (Tubuai) Islands. Alternate names: Tubuai-Rurutu.  Dialects: Raivavae, Rimatara, Rurutu, Tubuai.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, East, Central, Tahitic 
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Chinese, Hakka

[hak] 19,200 in French Polynesia (1987).  Alternate names: Hakka.  Classification: Sino-Tibetan, Chinese 
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French

[fra] 25,700 in French Polynesia (2000).  Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Gallo-Romance, Gallo-Rhaetian, Oïl, French 
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Mangareva

[mrv] 1,600 (1987). Gambier Islands, Mangareva Island, Rikitea settlement. Alternate names: Mangarevan.  Dialects: Lexical similarity: 75% with Rarotongan [rar], 73% with Marquesan [mrq], 72% with Tuamotuan [pmt], 50%–68% with Tahitian [tah].  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, East, Central, Marquesic 
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Marquesan, North

[mrq] 3,400 in French Polynesia (Wurm and Hattori 1981). Population total all countries: 3,690. Marquesas Islands: Hatutu, Nuku Hiva, Ua Huka, Ua Pou islands. Also in United States. Dialects: Hatutu, Nuku Hiva, Ua Huka, Ua Pou. Wurm and Hattori (1981) list North Marquesan and South Marquesan [mqm] as 2 languages. North Marquesan dialects all inherently intelligible. 50% intelligibility with Tahitian [tah]. Lexical similarity: 45%–67% with Tahitian [tah], 73% with Mangareva [mrv] and Rarotonga [rar], 70% with Hawaiian [haw], 29% with Tuamotuan [pmt].  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, East, Central, Marquesic 
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Marquesan, South

[mqm] 2,100 (Wurm and Hattori 1981). Marquesas Islands: Hiva Oa, Tahuta, Fatu Hiva islands. Dialects: Hiva Oa, Tahuta, Fatu Hiva. Dialects listed are inherently intelligible. Wurm and Hattori (1981) list North Marquesan as a separate language.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, East, Central, Marquesic 
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Rapa

[ray] 520 (1998 K. Rutter). Austral Islands, Rapa (Rapa Iti) Island, Ha’urei and ’Area. Alternate names: Rapan.  Dialects: May be a dialect of Austral [aut].  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, East, Central 
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Tahitian

[tah] 117,000 in French Polynesia (1977 census). several thousand non-Tahitians. Population total all countries: 124,260. Society Islands and some islands in the Tuamotus including the Mihiroa group. Also in New Caledonia, New Zealand, Vanuatu. Dialects: Lexical similarity: 85% with Rarotongan [rar], 76% with Hawaiian [haw].  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, East, Central, Tahitic 
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Tuamotuan

[pmt] 14,400 (1987). 6,700 on Tuamotu (1977 census), 2,000 in Tahiti (Voegelin and Voegelin 1977). Tuamotu, Tahiti. Alternate names: Pa’umotu.  Dialects: Vahitu, Tapuhoe, Napuka, Reao, Fangatau (Tupitimoake), Parata (Putahi), Marangai. Lexical similarity: 83% with Rarotongan [rar], 77% with Hawaiian [haw].  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, East, Central, Tahitic 
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