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Languages of Solomon Islands

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Solomon Islands. 472,000. Melanesian 94%, Polynesian 4%, Micronesian 1.5%. National or official language: English. Literacy rate: 5%–60%; average years of schooling 4.4. Also includes Chinese (1,000). Information mainly from M. Ross 1988; SIL 1977-2007; E. Todd 1975; D. Tryon 1995; D. Tryon and B. Hackman 1983; S. Wurm and S. Hattori 1981. The number of individual languages listed for Solomon Islands is 74. Of those, 71 are living languages and 3 have no known speakers.
Äiwoo

[nfl] 8,400 (1999 SIL), increasing. 4,500 on Reef Islands, Santa Cruz, 1,000 in Honiara (2000 SIL). Santa Cruz Islands, eastern Solomons, Temotu Province, primarily Lomlom sland; Fenualoa, Nibanga Nede, and Nibanga Temaa islands, many villages scattered along the north coast of Santa Cruz, and Honiara. Alternate names: Ayiwo, Aïwo, Gnivo, Lomlom, Naaude, Nifilole, Nivo, Reef Islands, Reefs.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Temotu, Reefs-Santa Cruz 
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Amba

[utp] 590 (1999 SIL). Temotu Province, Utupua Island, Aveta, Matembo, Nembao villages. Alternate names: Aba, Nembao, Utupua.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Temotu, Utupua-Vanikoro, Utupua 
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Anuta

[aud] 270 (1999 SIL). Anuta Island. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, Samoic-Outlier, Futunic 
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’Are’are

[alu] 17,900 (1999 SIL). South Malaita Island. Alternate names: Areare.  Dialects: ’Are’are, Marau (Marau Sound).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Malaita-San Cristobal, Malaita, Southern 
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Arosi

[aia] 6,750 (1999 SIL). Northwest Makira (San Cristobal) Island. Dialects: Wango, Arosi. Many dialects.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Malaita-San Cristobal, San Cristobal 
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Asumboa

[aua] 10 (1999 SIL). Temotu Province, Utupua Island, Asumbuo village. Alternate names: Asumbua, Asumuo.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Temotu, Utupua-Vanikoro, Utupua  Nearly extinct.
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Babatana

[baa] 7,070 (1999 SIL). East Choiseul Island. Alternate names: East Choiseul, Mbambatana, Sisiqa.  Dialects: Babatana, Sengan (Sengga, Sisingga, Senga), Kuboro (Kumboro), Katazi, Lömaumbi, Avasö. Related to Ririo [rri].  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Choiseul 
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Baeggu

[bvd] 5,900 (1999 SIL). North Malaita Island. Alternate names: Baegu, Mbaenggu.  Dialects: Baelelea [bvc] and Baegu almost equally intelligible with To’abaita [mlu] and Lau [llu].  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Malaita-San Cristobal, Malaita, Northern 
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Baelelea

[bvc] 8,800 (1999 SIL). North Malaita Island. Alternate names: Mbaelelea.  Dialects: Baelelea and Baeggu [bvd] almost equally intelligible with To’abaita [mlu] and Lau [llu].  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Malaita-San Cristobal, Malaita, Northern 
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Bauro

[bxa] 4,980 (1999 SIL). Central Makira (San Cristobal) Island. Dialects: Haununu (Hauhunu), Bauro, Rawo (Ravo). Deep linguistic division between Bauro and Arosi [aia]. The Mamaregho variety reportedly the ‘bush’ variety.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Malaita-San Cristobal, San Cristobal 
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Bilua

[blb] 8,740 (1999 SIL). Western Province, Vella Lavella Island. Alternate names: Mbilua, Vella Lavella.  Classification: Central Solomons 
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Birao

[brr] 5,900 (1999 SIL). East Guadalcanal Island. Alternate names: Mbirao.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Gela-Guadalcanal, Guadalcanal 
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Blablanga

[blp] 1,770 (1999 SIL). Santa Isabel Island, Maringe District, Popoheo and Hovukoilo villages; Ghove to Biluro on Hograno coast. Alternate names: Gema, Goi.  Dialects: Slight dialect differences.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Santa Isabel, Central 
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Bughotu

[bgt] 4,050 (1999 SIL). Santa Isabel Island, southeast end from Suma to Horara; Furona Island off Kia District northwest coast. Alternate names: Bugota, Bugoto, Bugotu, Mahaga, Mbughotu.  Dialects: Hageulu, Vulava. Similar to Gela [nlg] and Gao [gga]. Related to vernaculars on Guadalcanal.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Gela-Guadalcanal, Bughotu 
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Cheke Holo

[mrn] 10,800 (1999 SIL), increasing. 1,500 monolinguals. Central Santa Isabel Island, on Maringe side, Gnulahaghe village southeast to Kuma’ihaui; Kia District, Hograno coast villages; Gao-Bughotu region, scattered villages. Alternate names: A’ara, Holo, Kubonitu.  Dialects: Maringe (Maringhe), Hograno (Hogirano).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Santa Isabel, East 
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Dori’o

[dor] 2,410 (1999 SIL). West central Malaita Island. Alternate names: Kwarekwareo.  Dialects: Lexical similarity: 71% with ’Are’are [alu].  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Malaita-San Cristobal, Malaita, Southern 
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Dororo

[drr] Extinct. New Georgia. Alternate names: Doriri.  Dialects: May have been a Kazukuru dialect.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, New Georgia, West 
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Duke

[nke] 2,310 (1999 SIL). Kolombangara Island, Western Province. Alternate names: Kolombangara, Ndughore, Nduke.  Dialects: Similar to Lungga [lga] and Roviana [rug].  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, New Georgia, West 
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English

[eng]   Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, English 
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Fagani

[faf] 900 (1999 SIL). Northwest Makira Island. Alternate names: Faghani.  Dialects: Fagani, Rihu’a, Agufi.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Malaita-San Cristobal, San Cristobal 
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Fataleka

[far] 6,700 (1999 SIL). Malaita Island. Dialects: Wurm and Hattori (1981) treat it as a dialect of To’abaita [mlu]. Intelligibility of Baegu variety of To’abaita reportedly high, but of To’abaita much less. Lexical similarity: 82% with Kwara’ae [kwf], 76% with Lau [llu].  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Malaita-San Cristobal, Malaita, Northern 
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Gao

[gga] 1,220 (1999 SIL). Central Isabel Island, Tausese southeast to Floakora Point, primarily in Poro. Alternate names: Nggao.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Santa Isabel, East 
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Gela

[nlg] 11,900 (1999 SIL). Central Solomons, Gela, Florida Islands, Guadalcanal (immigrants), Savo Islands. Alternate names: Florida Islands, Nggela.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Gela-Guadalcanal, Gela 
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Ghanongga

[ghn] 2,510 (1999 SIL). North Ranonga Island, Western Province. Alternate names: Ganongga, Kubokota, Kumbokota.  Dialects: Related to Lungga [lga], Simbo [sbb].  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, New Georgia, West 
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Ghari

[gri] 12,100 (1999 SIL). 7,113 Ghari, 953 Gae, 3,019 Ndi, 487 Nginia, 547 Tandai-Nggaria. Guadalcanal Island, west, northwest and north central coast. Alternate names: Gari, Sughu, Tangarare, West Guadalcanal.  Dialects: Gae (Qae, Nggae), Geri (Nggeri), Ndi (Vaturanga), Nginia, Tandai-Nggaria (Tanaghai), Ghari.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Gela-Guadalcanal, Guadalcanal 
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Gula’alaa

[gmb] 1,570 (1999 SIL). East side of Kwara’ae, Kwai and Ngongosila islands, Malaita. Alternate names: Kwai, Ngongosila.  Dialects: May be intelligible with Lau [llu] or Kwara’ae [kwf]. Lexical similarity: 85% with Lau and Kwara’ae.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Malaita-San Cristobal, Malaita, Northern 
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Guliguli

[gli] Extinct. New Georgia. Alternate names: Gulili.  Dialects: Possibly was a Kazukuru dialect.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, New Georgia, West 
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Hoava

[hoa] 460 (1999 SIL). Western Province, New Georgia Island, North Marovo Lagoon. Dialects: Similar to Kusaghe [ksg].  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, New Georgia, West 
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Kahua

[agw] 5,170 (1999 SIL). South Makira (San Cristobal) Island. Alternate names: Anganiwai, Anganiwei, Narihua, Wanoni.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Malaita-San Cristobal, San Cristobal 
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Kazukuru

[kzk] Extinct. New Georgia. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, New Georgia, West 
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Kiribati

[gil] 4,870 in Solomon Islands (1999 SIL). Gizo Island, 1 area; Choiseul Island, 1 area; Honiara, Guadalcanal. Alternate names: Gilbertese, Ikiribati.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Micronesian, Micronesian Proper, Ikiribati 
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Kokota

[kkk] 530 (1999 SIL). Santa Isabel, northeast coast, Sisiga and Ghoveo villages; southwest coast, Hurepelo. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Santa Isabel, Central 
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Kusaghe

[ksg] 2,400 (1999 SIL). Western Province, north New Georgia Island. Alternate names: Kusage, Kushage.  Dialects: Similar to Roviana [rug].  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, New Georgia, West 
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Kwaio

[kwd] 13,200 (1999 SIL). Central Malaita Island. Alternate names: Koio.  Dialects: More similar to Kwara’ae [kwf] than to ’Are’are [alu].  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Malaita-San Cristobal, Malaita, Northern 
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Kwara’ae

[kwf] 32,400 (1999 SIL). Central Malaita Island. Alternate names: Fiu.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Malaita-San Cristobal, Malaita, Northern 
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Laghu

[lgb] 15 (1999 SIL). Santa Isabel, Kia District, Baolo and Samasodu villages. Alternate names: Katova, Lagu.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Santa Isabel, West  Nearly extinct.
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Lau

[llu] 16,900 (1999 SIL). Northeast Malaita Island. Dialects: Suafa, Lau, Dai (Ndai).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Malaita-San Cristobal, Malaita, Northern 
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Lavukaleve

[lvk] 1,780 (1999 SIL). Central Solomons, Russell Islands northwest of Guadalcanal. Alternate names: Laube, Laumbe, Russell Island.  Classification: Central Solomons 
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Lengo

[lgr] 13,800 (1999 SIL). 13,594 Lengo and 158 Ghaimuta. North and east central Guadalcanal Island. Alternate names: Ruavatu, Tadhimboko.  Dialects: Aola, Paripao, Ghaimuta (Ghua), Lengo.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Gela-Guadalcanal, Gela 
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Longgu

[lgu] 1,890 (1999 SIL). Guadalcanal Island east coast. Alternate names: Logu.  Dialects: Brought over long ago by settlers from Malaita; probably not intelligible with other Malaita languages.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Malaita-San Cristobal, Malaita, Longgu 
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Lungga

[lga] 2,770 (1999 SIL). Western Province, south Ranonga Island. Alternate names: Luga, Luqa.  Dialects: Similar to Duke [nke] (Nduke). Ghanongga [ghn] and Simbo [sbb] related but separate.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, New Georgia, West 
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Malango

[mln] 4,140 (1999 SIL). Central Guadalcanal Island. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Gela-Guadalcanal, Guadalcanal 
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Marovo

[mvo] 8,090 (1999 SIL). Western Province, south New Georgia Island, Marovo Lagoon, Vangunu Island, and Nggatokae Island. Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, New Georgia, East 
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Mono

[mte] 3,340 (1999 SIL). 657 Mono, 2,266 Alu, 14 Fauro. Treasury Island (Mono), Shortland Island (Alu, Alo), Fauro Island (Fauro). Alternate names: Alu, Mono-Alu.  Dialects: Mono, Alu (Alo), Fauro.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Mono-Uruava 
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Nagu

[ngr] 210 (1999 SIL). Santa Cruz Island. Alternate names: Nanggu.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Temotu, Reefs-Santa Cruz 
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Natügu

[stc] 4,280 (1999 SIL), increasing. 4,276 Londai and 1,623 Nea. Eastern Solomons, Temotu Province, Santa Cruz Islands. Alternate names: Natqgu, Nendö, Nambakaengö, Mbanua, Bënwë, Santa Cruz, Northern Santa Cruz.  Dialects: Ndeni (Deni), Londai, Malo, Bënwë, Nea, Nooli. Speakers of most dialects understand Malo and Bënwë. Nea, Nooli, and Bibö villages speak Nalögo (Nalrgo), which is sufficiently diverse to require adapted literature, and its own designation.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Temotu, Reefs-Santa Cruz 
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Ontong Java

[ojv] 2,370 (1999 SIL). Luangiua Atoll (Lord Howe Island), 210 km from Santa Isabel Island. Alternate names: Leuangiua, Lord Howe, Luangiua, Luaniua.  Dialects: Luangiua, Pelau. Similar to Sikaiana [sky], Takuu [nho], and Nukumanu [nuq] in Papua New Guinea.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, Samoic-Outlier, Ellicean 
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Oroha

[ora] 38 (1999 SIL). South Malaita Island. Alternate names: Mara Ma-Siki, Oraha.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Malaita-San Cristobal, Malaita, Southern  Nearly extinct.
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Owa

[stn] 8,410 (2007 SIL). South Makira (San Cristobal), Santa Ana, Santa Catalina islands. Alternate names: Anganiwai, Anganiwei, Narihua, Santa Ana, Wanoni.  Dialects: Tawarafa (Star Harbour), Santa Anna (Owa Raha), Santa Catalina (Owa Riki). Part of dialect chain that includes Kahua [agw].  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Malaita-San Cristobal, San Cristobal 
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Pijin

[pis] 24,400 (1999 SIL).  Alternate names: Neo-Solomonic, Solomons Pidgin.  Dialects: Basic vocabulary more similar to standard English than Tok Pisin [tpi] of Papua New Guinea is. Grammar shows Melanesian features. Pronunciation varies according to local languages. Historically related to Tok Pisin and Bislama [bis] of Vanuatu. Intelligibility with Bislama quite high.  Classification: Creole, English based, Pacific, Melanesian 
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Rennell-Bellona

[mnv] 4,390 (1999 SIL). Central Solomons, Rennell and Bellona Islands. Alternate names: Rennell, Rennellese, Rennellese-Bellonese.  Dialects: Munggava (Rennell, Mugaba), Mungiki (Mugiki, Bellonese, Bellona).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, Samoic-Outlier, Futunic 
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Rennellese Sign Language

[rsi]  Rennell Island. Classification: Deaf sign language  Nearly extinct.
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Ririo

[rri] 79 (1999 SIL). Choiseul Island. Dialects: Similar to Babatana [baa].  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Choiseul  Nearly extinct.
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Roviana

[rug] 9,870 (1999 SIL). Western Province, north central New Georgia, Roviana Lagoon, Vonavona Lagoon. Alternate names: Robiana, Rubiana, Ruviana.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, New Georgia, West 
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Sa’a

[apb] 11,500 (1999 SIL). 7,298 Sa’a, 3,304 Ulawa, and 917 Uki Ni Masi. Three Sisters Islands, south Malaita Island, Ulawa Island. Alternate names: Apae’aa, Saa, South Malaita.  Dialects: Ulawa, Uki Ni Masi (Ugi).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Malaita-San Cristobal, Malaita, Southern 
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Savosavo

[svs] 2,420 (1999 SIL). Central Solomons, north of Guadalcanal, Savo Island. Alternate names: Savo, Savo Island.  Classification: Central Solomons 
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Sikaiana

[sky] 730 (1999 SIL). Central Solomons, Sikaiana Atoll. Alternate names: Sikayana.  Dialects: Similar to Luangiua [ojv] (Ontong Java).  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, Samoic-Outlier, Ellicean 
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Simbo

[sbb] 2,700 (1999 SIL). Western Province, Simbo (Eddystone) Island. Alternate names: Madeggusu, Mandeghughusu, Sibo.  Dialects: Distinct from Lungga [lga] and Ghanongga [ghn].  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, New Georgia, West 
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Talise

[tlr] 12,500 (1999 SIL). 5,944 in Talise, 2,087 in Moli, 4,494 in Koo. Guadalcanal Island, southeast to southwest coast. Alternate names: Talisi, Tolo.  Dialects: Talise, Tolo, Moli, Poleo, Koo (Inakona), Malagheti.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Gela-Guadalcanal, Guadalcanal 
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Tanema

[tnx] 4 (2007 A. Francois). Temotu Province, Vanikolo Island, Emua village. Alternate names: Tetawo, Tetau.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Temotu, Utupua-Vanikoro  Nearly extinct.
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Tanibili

[tbe] 15 (1999 SIL). Temotu Province, Utupua Island, Tanibili village. Alternate names: Nyisunggu.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Temotu, Utupua-Vanikoro, Utupua  Nearly extinct.
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Teanu

[tkw] 520 (2007 A. Francois). Temotu Province, Vanikolo Island, Puma, Lavaka, Emua, and Lale villages. Alternate names: Buma, Puma.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Temotu, Utupua-Vanikoro 
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Tikopia

[tkp] 3,320 (1999 SIL). Temotu Province, Tikopia Island; settlements on other islands including Vanikoro, Santa Cruz, and Makira. Dialects: Related to Anuta [aud].  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, Samoic-Outlier, Futunic 
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To’abaita

[mlu] 12,600 (1999 SIL). North Malaita Island. Alternate names: Malu, Malu’u, To’ambaita.  Dialects: Baelelea [bvc] and Baeggu [bvd] about equally intelligible with To’abaita and Lau [llu].  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Malaita-San Cristobal, Malaita, Northern 
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Touo

[tqu] 1,870 (1999 census). Western Province south Rendova Island. Alternate names: Baniata, Lokuru, Mbaniata.  Classification: Central Solomons 
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Ughele

[uge] 1,200 (1999 SIL). Western Province, Rendova Island, north end. Alternate names: Ugele.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, New Georgia, West 
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Vaeakau-Taumako

[piv] 1,660 (1999 SIL). Duff and Reef islands, Matema, Taumako, Nupani, Nukapu, Pileni, Nifiloli. Alternate names: Pileni, Pilheni.  Dialects: Matema, Taumako (Duff), Nupani, Nukapu, Pileni, Aua. Pileni and Taumako differ in significant ways.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, Samoic-Outlier, Futunic 
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Vaghua

[tva] 1,960 (1999 SIL). Tavula, Choiseul Island. Alternate names: Tavola, Tavula, Vagua.  Dialects: Similar to Varisi [vrs].  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Choiseul 
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Vangunu

[mpr] 910 (1999 SIL). 399 Bareke, 508 Vangunu. Western Province, North Vangunu Island (Bareke), southwest Vangunu Island (Vangunu). Dialects: Bareke (Mbareke), Vangunu.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, New Georgia, East 
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Vano

[vnk] 5 (2007 A. Francois). Temotu Province, Vanikolo Island, Lale and Lavaka villages. Alternate names: Alavana, Alavano, Vanikolo, Vanikoro.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Temotu, Utupua-Vanikoro  Nearly extinct.
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Varisi

[vrs] 5,160 (1999 SIL). Northeast Choiseul Island. Alternate names: Varese.  Dialects: Ghone, Varisi. Similar to Vaghua [tva].  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Choiseul 
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Wala

[lgl] 6,980 (1999 SIL). West central Malaita Island. Alternate names: Langalanga.  Dialects: Lexical similarity: 56% with Kwaio [kwd]; 66% with Kwara’ae [kwf].  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Southeast Solomonic, Malaita-San Cristobal, Malaita, Northern 
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Zabana

[kji] 3,360 (2003 SIL). Santa Isabel Island, Samasodu southwest to Kia village, northeast to Baolo village. Alternate names: Kia.  Dialects: Borrowings from Roviana [rug]. Most similar to Cheke Holo [mrn].  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Santa Isabel, West 
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Zazao

[jaj] 10 (1999 SIL). Central Isabel Island, Hograno coast, Kilokaka village. Alternate names: Jajao, Kilokaka.  Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Western Oceanic, Meso Melanesian, New Ireland, South New Ireland-Northwest Solomonic, Santa Isabel, Central  Nearly extinct.
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