Languages of TurkmenistanSee language map.
Turkmenistan. 4,863,169. National or official language: Turkmen. Literacy rate: 98%. Immigrant languages: Armenian (32,000), Bashkort (2,610), Belarusan (5,290), Brahui, Dargwa (1,600), Dungan, Erzya (3,490), Georgian (1,050), Karakalpak (2,540), Kazakh (88,000), Korean (3,490), Lak (1,590), Lezgi (10,400), Lithuanian (220), North Azerbaijani (33,000), Osetin (1,890), Romanian (1,560), Russian (349,000), Tabassaran (180), Tajiki (1,280), Tatar (40,400), Ukrainian (37,100), Western Farsi (8,000). Information mainly from T. Sebeok 1963. The number of individual languages listed for Turkmenistan is 5. Of those, 4 are living languages and 1 has no known speakers.
20,000 in Turkmenistan (Bakaev 1962). Ashkhabad area.
Alternate names: Khorasani, Khorasani Kurmanji, Kurmancî, Kurmanji.
Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western, Northwestern, Kurdish
3,430,000 in Turkmenistan (1995). Population total all countries: 6,562,810. Ethnic population: 3,465,000 (1995). Also in Afghanistan, Germany, Iran, Iraq, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Russian Federation (Asia), Syria, Tajikistan, Turkey (Asia), United States, Uzbekistan.
Alternate names: Trukhmen, Trukhmeny, Turkmani, Turkmanian, Turkmenler, Turkomans.
Dialects: Nokhurli, Anauli, Khasarli, Nerezim, Yomud, Teke (Tekke), Goklen, Salyr, Saryq, Esari, Cawdur.
Classification: Altaic, Turkic, Southern, Turkmenian