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Languages of Turkey

Republic of Turkey, Turkiye Cumhuriyeti. 72,970,000. both Europe and Asia sections. National or official language: Turkish. Literacy rate: 76%–90%. Also includes languages of refugees from Central Asia (50,000). Information mainly from P.A. Andrews 1989; B. Comrie 1987; M. Izadi 1993; O. Jastrow 1971, 1986, 1988; T. Sebeok 1963, 1970. Blind population: 38,178. Deaf population: 316,839. Deaf institutions: 12. The number of individual languages listed for Turkey is 36. Of those, 34 are living languages and 2 have no known speakers.