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Languages of Trinidad and Tobago

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Republic of Trinidad and Tobago. 1,324,000. Afro-Trinidadian 40%, East Indian 41%, mixed 14%, white 1%, Chinese 1%, other 1%. National or official language: English. Literacy rate: All 97%: male 98%, female 96%. Immigrant languages: North Levantine Spoken Arabic (2,600). Also includes Chinese (6,500). Information mainly from I. Hancock 1985; P. Mohan and P. Zador 1986; S. R. Sperl 1980; L. Winer 1993. Deaf institutions: 2. The number of individual languages listed for Trinidad and Tobago is 6. Of those, all are living languages.
English

[eng] 2,600 in Trinidad and Tobago (2004).  Classification: Indo-European, Germanic, West, English 
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Hindustani, Caribbean

[hns] 15,600 in Trinidad and Tobago (1996). Ethnic population: East Indians are 41% of the population.  Alternate names: Trinidad Bhojpuri.  Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Eastern zone, Bihari 
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Spanish

[spa] 4,100 in Trinidad and Tobago (2004). Southern peninsula, fishing villages. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Ibero-Romance, West Iberian, Castilian 
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Tobagonian Creole English

[tgh] 36,000 (1990). Tobago. Alternate names: Tobagonian Dialect.  Dialects: Most similar to Guyanese Creole English [gyn] and Saint Vincent [crb].  Classification: Creole, English based, Atlantic, Eastern, Southern 
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Trinidadian Creole English

[trf] 9,600 (2004). Trinidad. Classification: Creole, English based, Atlantic, Eastern, Southern 
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Trinidadian Creole French

[acf] 3,800 in Trinidad and Tobago (2004). Trinidad, Northern Range villages, island fishing communities, peninsular coastal settlements west of the capital (I. Hancock, ms.). Alternate names: Lesser Antillean Creole French, Patois, Patwa.  Classification: Creole, French based 
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