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Languages of Ukraine

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Ukraine. 46,918,000. National or official language: Ukrainian. Literacy rate: 99%. Immigrant languages: Abkhaz (950), Armenian (99,900), Balkan Romani, Baltic Romani, Bashkort (3,670), Belarusan (440,000), Bulgarian (234,000), Czech (21,000), Dargwa (630), Eastern Yiddish (634,000), Erzya (19,000), Gagauz, Georgian (24,000), Kazakh (7,560), Lak (570), Latvian (2,600), Lezgi (1,710), North Azerbaijani (45,200), Northern Uzbek (10,600), Osetin (4,550), Polish (1,140,000), Russian (11,300,000), Serbian (5,000), Slovak, Standard German (38,000), Tajiki (2,220), Tatar (90,500), Tosk Albanian (5,000), Turkish. Information mainly from B. Comrie 1987; B. Podolsky 1985. The number of individual languages listed for Ukraine is 13. Of those, all are living languages.
Crimean Tatar

[crh] 260,000 in Ukraine (2006 A. Goriainov). Population total all countries: 483,990. Crimea. Also in Bulgaria, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Romania, Russian Federation (Europe), Turkey (Asia), United States, Uzbekistan. Alternate names: Crimean, Crimean Turkish.  Classification: Altaic, Turkic, Southern 
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Greek

[ell] 7,210 in Ukraine (1970 census). Ethnic population: 106,909. Donetsk Oblast, Mariupol town. 18 villages. Dialects: Mariupol Greek (Tavro-Rumeic, Crimeo-Rumeic).  Classification: Indo-European, Greek, Attic 
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Hungarian

[hun] 176,000 in Ukraine (Johnstone and Mandryk 2001). Transcarpathian Ukraine. Alternate names: Magyar.  Classification: Uralic 
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Jakati

[jat] 29,300 in Ukraine (2000). Population total all countries: 30,670. Also in Afghanistan. Alternate names: Jat, Jataki, Jati, Jatu, Kayani, Musali.  Dialects: Related to Western Panjabi [pnb].  Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Northwestern zone, Lahnda 
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Karaim

[kdr] 1,010 in Ukraine (2006 A. Goraianov). 1,000 in Crimea; 12 Lutzk-Halych in Western Ukraine. Population total all countries: 1,130. Ethnic population: 5,000 in Lithuania. Western Ukraine, Crimea Autonomous Republic. Also in Lithuania. Alternate names: Karaite.  Dialects: Karaim, Trakai (Trakay), Halych (Galits). Similar to Karachay [krc], Kumyk [kum].  Classification: Altaic, Turkic, Western, Ponto-Caspian 
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Krimchak

[jct]  Crimea Autonomous Republic. Alternate names: Judeo-Crimean Tatar, Judeo-Crimean Turkish.  Dialects: Similar to Crimean Tatar [crh].  Classification: Altaic, Turkic, Western, Ponto-Caspian  Nearly extinct.
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Romani, Carpathian

[rmc]  Ukraine, Transcarpathia. One dialect is in east Hungary, south Poland, and Galicia; another in Transylvania, Romania; others in Czech Republic and Slovakia, USA. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Central zone, Romani, Northern 
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Romani, Vlax

[rmy]  East and west, Odessa, Transcarpathia. Dialects: Ukrainian Vlax Romani, Central Vlax Romani, Kalderash.  Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Central zone, Romani, Vlax 
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Romanian

[ron] 250,000 in Ukraine (2004).  Alternate names: Daco-Romanian, Moldavian, Rumanian.  Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Eastern 
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Rusyn

[rue] 560,000 in Ukraine (2000). Population total all countries: 623,960. Transcarpathian Oblast. Possibly in Romania. Also in Belarus, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Serbia, Slovakia. Alternate names: Carpathian, Carpatho-Rusyn, Ruthenian.  Dialects: Rusyn is called a dialect of Ukrainian [ukr], but speakers reportedly consider themselves distinct from Ukrainians.  Classification: Indo-European, Slavic, East 
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Ukrainian

[ukr] 31,100,000 in Ukraine (1993). Population total all countries: 37,029,730. Ethnic population: 37,419,000 (Johnstone 1993). Also in Argentina, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Brazil, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Georgia, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Paraguay, Poland, Romania, Russian Federation (Asia), Serbia, Slovakia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, United States, Uzbekistan. Dialects: Northwest Ukrainian, Southwest Ukrainian, East Ukrainian. Dialect differences slight.  Classification: Indo-European, Slavic, East 
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Ukrainian Sign Language

[ukl]   Classification: Deaf sign language 
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Urum

[uum] 95,000 in Ukraine (2000). Southeast, Donetsk Oblast. 10 villages. Classification: Altaic, Turkic 
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