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Adyghe

A language of Russian Federation (Europe)

ISO 639-3ady

Population  125,000 in Russian Federation (1993 UBS). Population total all countries: 499,300. Ethnic population: 128,528.
Region  Adygea Republic. Also in Australia, Egypt, France, Germany, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Macedonia, Netherlands, Syria, Turkey (Asia), United States.
Language map  European Russia
Alternate names   Adygei, Adygey, Circassian, Kiakh, Kjax, Lower Circassian, West Circassian
Dialects  Shapsug (Sapsug), Xakuchi, Bezhedukh (Bzedux, Bzhedug, Temirgoj, Chemgui), Abadzex (Abadzakh, Abadzeg), Natuzaj (Natukhai). Most similar to Kabardian [kbd].
Classification  North Caucasian, West Caucasian, Circassian
Language use  96% speak it as L1. All domains. All ages. Positive attitude. Also use Russian.
Language development  Literacy rate in L1: 99%. Literacy rate in L2: 100%. Taught in primary schools. Radio programs. Dictionary. Grammar. NT: 1992.
Writing system  Arabic script, no longer in use. Cyrillic script. Latin script, used in Turkey.
Comments  Some literature. SOV. Muslim (Sunni).

Also spoken in:

Iraq

Language name   Adyghe
Population  19,000 in Iraq (1993).
Alternate names  Adygey, West Circassian
Comments  Muslim (Sunni).
 

Israel

Language name   Adyghe
Population  3,000 in Israel (1987).
Region  Kafr Kama and Rehaniya, small border villages.
Alternate names  Adygey, West Circassian
Language use  Also use South Levantine Arabic [ajp].
Comments  Came about 100 years ago from the Caucasus (now the Russian Federation). Very slight dialect differences between the 2 villages. They understand radio programs in Adyghe from Jordan. Muslim (Sunni).
 

Jordan

Language name   Adyghe
Population  44,300 in Jordan (1986).
Language map  Jordan and Syria
Alternate names  Adygey, West Circassian
Comments  City dwellers. Muslim (Sunni).
 

Macedonia

Language name   Adyghe
Region  A few villages in Macedonia.
Alternate names  Adygey, West Circassian
Comments  Muslim (Sunni).
 

Syria

Language name   Adyghe
Population  25,000 in Syria.
Language map 
Alternate names  Adygey, West Circassian
Comments  Muslim (Sunni).
 

Turkey (Asia)

Language name   Adyghe
Population  278,000 in Turkey (2000). 6,409 monolinguals (1965 census). Ethnic population: 130,000 in Turkey (1965 census).
Region  Central and western Anatolia, Kayseri, Tokat, Karaman Maras, many other provinces.
Alternate names  Adygey, Cherkes, Circassian
Language use  Also use Turkish [tur].
Comments  Agriculturalists. Muslim (Sunni).