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Akha

A language of Myanmar

ISO 639-3ahk

Population  200,000 in Myanmar (Bradley 2007). Population total all countries: 563,960.
Region  Shan state, east Kengtung District. Also in China, Laos, Thailand, Viet Nam.
Alternate names   Ahka, Aini, Ak’a, Aka, Ekaw, Ikaw, Ikor, Kaw, Kha Ko, Khako, Khao Kha Ko, Ko, Yani
Dialects  Ako, Asong.
Classification  Sino-Tibetan, Tibeto-Burman, Burmic, Ngwi, Southern
Language development  Dictionary. Bible: 2001.
Writing system  Latin script.
Comments  SOV; tonal, 3 tones. Traditional religion, Christian, Buddhist.

Also spoken in:

China

Language name   Akha
Population  240,000 in China (Bradley 2007), increasing. Ethnic population: 240,000 (Bradley 2007).
Region  Southwest Yunnan, Xishuangbanna and Simao prefectures.
Language map  Southwestern China
Alternate names  Ahka, Aini, Ak’a, Aka, Ekaw, Ikaw, Ikor, Kaw, Kha Ko, Khako, Khao Kha Ko, Ko, Yani
Language use  All domains. All ages. Positive attitude.
Language development  Literacy rate in L1: 5%. Literacy rate in L2: 70%. Observed functional literacy in Chinese is low. Official literacy rate for the Hani Nationality is registered much higher. Taught in primary schools.
Comments  Classified as Hani nationality. Traditional religion, Christian.
 

Laos

Language name   Akha
Population  66,100 (Bradley 2007).
Region  Luang Namtha, Phongsali provinces.
Language map  Laos, reference number 2
Alternate names  Ahka, Aini, Ak’a, Aka, Ekaw, Hka Ko, Ikaw, Ikor, Kaw, Khako, Khao Kha Ko, Ko, Yani
Comments  Traditional religion, Christian.
 

Thailand

Language name   Akha
Population  56,600 (Bradley 2007).
Region  Chiangmai, Chiangrai, Maehongson provinces. 250 villages.
Language map  Northern Thailand, reference number 2
Alternate names  Ahka, Aini, Ak’a, Aka, Ekaw, Ikaw, Ikor, Kaw, Kha Ko, Khako, Khao Kha Ko, Ko, Yani
Language development  Literacy rate in L1: 1%–5%. Literacy rate in L2: 1%–50%.
Comments  Traditional religion, Christian.
 

Viet Nam

Language name   Akha
Population  1,260 in Viet Nam (1995 Institute for Southeast Asian Studies, Hanoi).
Region  Quang Binh, Quang Tri provinces, both sides of Viet Nam-Laos border, northeast of Phuc Trach.
Language map  Northwestern Viet Nam, reference number 1
Alternate names  Ahka, Aini, Ak’a, Aka, Ekaw, Ikaw, Kaw, Kha Ko, Khako, Khao Ikor, Ko, Yani
Comments  Traditional religion, Christian.