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Arabic, Standard

A language of Saudi Arabia

ISO 639-3arb

Population  206,000,000 L1 speakers of all Arabic varieties (Wiesenfeld 1999).
Region  Middle East, North Africa. Also in Algeria, Bahrain, Chad, Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Palestinian West Bank and Gaza, Qatar, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Tanzania, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, Yemen.
Alternate names   Al-’Arabiyya, Al-Fusha, Literary Arabic
Dialects  Modern Standard Arabic (Modern Literary Arabic), Classical Arabic (Koranic Arabic, Quranic Arabic). Preserves the ancient grammar.
Classification  Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Central, South, Arabic
A member of macrolanguage Arabic [ara] (Saudi Arabia).
Language use  National language. 246,000,000 L2 speakers of all Arabic varieties (Wiesenfeld 1999). Not a L1. Used for education, official purposes, written materials, and formal speeches. Classical Arabic is used for religion and ceremonial purposes, having archaic vocabulary. Modern Standard Arabic is a modernized variety of Classical Arabic. In most Arab countries only the well-educated have adequate proficiency in Standard Arabic, while over 100,500,000 do not.
Language development  Fully developed. Bible: 1984–1991.
Writing system  Arabic script.
Comments  VSO.

Also spoken in:

Algeria

Language name   Arabic, Standard
Language use  Official language. Used for written materials, formal speeches. Not a L1 language, but taught in schools.
 

Bahrain

Language name   Arabic, Standard
Region  Middle East, North Africa.
Language use  National language. Used for education, official purposes.
 

Chad

Language name   Arabic, Standard
Language use  Official language.
 

Comoros

Language name   Arabic, Standard
Region  Widespread.
Language use  Official language. Not a L1.
 

Djibouti

Language name   Arabic, Standard
Language use  Official language.
 

Egypt

Language name   Arabic, Standard
Region  Middle East, North Africa.
Language use  Official language. Not a L1. Used for nearly all written materials and formal speeches. Taught in schools.
 

Eritrea

Language name   Arabic, Standard
Region  Middle East, North Africa.
Language use  Official language. Some schools.
 

Iraq

Language name   Arabic, Standard
Region  Middle East, North Africa.
Language use  National language. Used for education, official purposes.
 

Israel

Language name   Arabic, Standard
Region  Middle East, North Africa.
Language use  National language. Used for education and communication among Arabic-speaking countries.
 

Jordan

Language name   Arabic, Standard
Region  Middle East, North Africa.
Language use  Official language. Used for education, official purposes, communication among Arabic-speaking countries. Education officials promoting this variety among students. Regional varieties have been used in classrooms, but this is changing.
 

Kuwait

Language name   Arabic, Standard
Region  Middle East, North Africa.
Language use  Official language. Used for education, official purposes.
 

Lebanon

Language name   Arabic, Standard
Region  Middle East, North Africa.
Language use  Official language. Used for education, official purposes, communication among Arabic speaking countries.
 

Libya

Language name   Arabic, Standard
Language use  National language. Used for nearly all written materials, formal speeches. Not L1, but taught in schools.
 

Morocco

Language name   Arabic, Standard
Language use  Official language. Used for education, official purposes, communication among Arabic speaking countries.
 

Oman

Language name   Arabic, Standard
Region  Middle East, North Africa.
Language use  Official language. Used for education, official purposes, formal speeches.
 

Palestinian West Bank and Gaza

Language name   Arabic, Standard
Region  Middle East, North Africa.
Language use  National language. Used for education, official purpose, formal speeches.
 

Qatar

Language name   Arabic, Standard
Region  Middle East, North Africa.
Language use  Official language. Used for education, official purposes, formal speeches.
 

Somalia

Language name   Arabic, Standard
Language use  National language. Most Somalis have very limited or no proficiency in Arabic.
 

Sudan

Language name   Arabic, Standard
Region  Middle East, North Africa.
Language use  Official language. Used for written materials and formal speeches. Not L1, but taught in schools. Little known and used in the Southern Sudan.
Comments  Not intelligible with Sudanese Spoken Arabic [apd] or Sudanese Creole Arabic [pga].
 

Syria

Language name   Arabic, Standard
Region  Middle East, North Africa.
Language use  Official language. Used for education, official purposes, formal speeches.
 

Tanzania

Language name   Arabic, Standard
Region  Middle East, North Africa.
 

Tunisia

Language name   Arabic, Standard
Language use  Official language. Used for written materials and formal speeches. Not a L1, but taught in schools.
 

United Arab Emirates

Language name   Arabic, Standard
Region  Middle East, North Africa.
Language use  Official language. Used for education, official purposes, formal speeches.
 

Yemen

Language name   Arabic, Standard
Language use  National language. Used for education, official purposes, formal speeches.