Ethnologue.com home
Ethnologue > Web version > Country index > Asia > Azerbaijan > Azerbaijani, North

Azerbaijani, North

A language of Azerbaijan

ISO 639-3azj

Population  6,100,000 in Azerbaijan (2007). 4,000,000 monolinguals. Population total all countries: 7,473,270. Ethnic population: 6,224,490.
Region  Also in Armenia, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russian Federation (Asia), Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan.
Language map  Azerbaijan
Alternate names   Azerbaijan, Azerbaydzhani, Azeri Turk
Dialects  Quba, Derbend, Baku, Shamakhi, Salyan, Lenkaran, Qazakh, Airym, Borcala, Terekeme, Qyzylbash, Nukha, Zaqatala (Mugaly), Qabala, Yerevan, Nakhchivan, Ordubad, Ganja, Shusha (Karabakh), Karapapak. Slight dialect differences. Qazakh is not related to Kazakh [kaz]. Significant differences from South Azerbaijani [azb] in phonology, lexicon, morphology, syntax, and loanwords.
Classification  Altaic, Turkic, Southern, Azerbaijani
A member of macrolanguage Azerbaijani [aze] (Iran).
Language use  National language. 8,000,000 L2 speakers. Publications. Taught as L2 in Russian language schools.
Language development  Literacy rate in L2: High. Radio programs. TV. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible: 1891.
Writing system  Cyrillic script, widely used in Armenia. Latin script, official script.
Comments  North and South Azerbaijani are spoken by one ethnic group. Each language group is reluctant to accept the written form of the other. Muslim (Shi’a and Sunni).

Also spoken in:

Armenia

Language name   Azerbaijani, North
Population  161,000.
Alternate names  Azerbaydzhani, Azeri Turk, Turkler
Dialects  Kuba, Derbent, Baku, Semakha, Saliany, Lenkoran, Kazakh, Airym, Borcala, Terekeme, Kyzylbash, Nukha, Zakataly (Mugaly), Kutkasen, Erevan, Nakhichevan, Ordubad, Kirovabad, Susa (Karabakh), Karapapak.
Language development  Literacy rate in L2: High.
Comments  Muslim (Shi’a).
 

Georgia

Language name   Azerbaijani, North
Population  360,000 in Georgia (2007).
 

Russian Federation (Asia)

Language name   Azerbaijani, North
Population  622,000 in Russian Federation (2002 census).
Region  Southern Dagestan, Caspian coast in southern Caucasus Mountains.