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Bengali

A language of Bangladesh

ISO 639-3ben

Population  110,000,000 in Bangladesh (2001 census). 250,000,000 including L2 speakers. Population total all countries: 181,272,900.
Region  West. Also in Canada, India, Malawi, Nepal, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States.
Language maps  Bangladesh
Bangladesh
Alternate names   Banga-Bhasa, Bangala, Bangla
Dialects  Languages or dialects in the Bengali group according to Grierson: Central (Standard) Bengali, Western Bengali (Kharia Thar, Mal Paharia, Saraki), Southwestern Bengali, Northern Bengali (Koch, Siripuria), Rajbanshi, Bahe, Eastern Bengali (East Central, including Sylheti), Haijong, Southeastern Bengali (Chakma), Ganda, Vanga, Chittagonian (possible dialect of Southeastern Bengali).
Classification  Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Eastern zone, Bengali-Assamese
Language use  Official language. All ages.
Language development  Taught in primary and secondary schools. Fully developed. Bible: 1809–2000.
Writing system  Bengali script.
Comments  Muslim.

Also spoken in:

India

Language name   Bengali
Population  70,600,000 in India (1997).
Region  West Bengal; Jharkhand, Dhanbad, Manbhum, Singhbhum, Santal Parganas; Bihar; Assam, Goalpara District; Meghalaya, Garo Hills; Mizoram; Nagaland.
Alternate names  Bangala, Bangla, Bangla-Bhasa
Dialects  Barik, Bhatiari, Chirmar, Kachari-Bengali, Lohari-Malpaharia, Musselmani, Rajshahi, Samaria, Saraki, Siripuria (Kishanganjia).
Language use  State language of West Bengal.
Language development  Literacy rate in L1: 85%.
Comments  Muslim, Hindu, Christian.
 

Nepal

Language name   Bengali
Population  23,600 in Nepal (2001 census).
Region  Mechi zone, Jhapa District; Koshi zone, Morang and Sunsari districts; Sagarmatha zone, Saptari District.
Language map  Eastern Nepal, reference number 8
Alternate names  Bangala, Bangla, Bangla-Bhasa
Dialects  Barik, Bhatiari, Chirmar, Kachari-Bengali, Lohari-Malpaharia, Musselmani, Rajshahi, Samaria, Saraki, Siripuria.
Language development  Literacy rate in L2: 51%.
Comments  Hindu, Christian.
 

Singapore

Language name   Bengali
Population  600 in Singapore (1985). Ethnic population: 14,000 in Singapore (Johnstone and Mandryk 2001).
Comments  Hindu, Muslim.