Ethnologue.com home
Ethnologue > Web version > Country index > Asia > India > Bhojpuri

Bhojpuri

A language of India

ISO 639-3bho

Population  36,500,000 in India (2007). Population total all countries: 38,546,000.
Region  Uttar Pradesh, Gorakhpur, Basti, Deoria, Azamgarh, Ghazipur, Varanasi, Mirzapur, Ballia districts; Bihar, Champaran, Saran, Shahabad districts; Jharkhand, Palamau, Ranchi districts; Assam; Delhi; Madhya Pradesh; West Bengal. Also in Mauritius, Nepal.
Alternate names   Bajpuri, Bhojapuri, Bhozpuri, Bihari, Deswali, Khotla, Piscimas
Dialects  Northern Standard Bhojpuri (Gorakhpuri, Sarawaria, Basti), Western Standard Bhojpuri (Purbi, Benarsi), Southern Standard Bhojpuri (Kharwari), Bhojpuri Tharu, Madhesi, Domra, Musahari. May be more than 1 language. Extent of dialect variation in India and Nepal not yet determined. The cover term ‘Bihari’ (alternate name for Bhojpuri )(Behari) is also used for Bhojpuri, Maithili [mai], and Magahi [mag]. Bhojpuri Tharu dialect is spoken by Tharu caste in Nepal. Distinct from Chitwan and other Tharu [awa].
Classification  Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Eastern zone, Bihari
Language development  Literacy rate in L1: 5%–30%. Literacy rate in L2: 50%–75%. Radio programs. NT: 1999–2006.
Writing system  Devanagari script. Kaithi script.
Comments  Agriculturalists. Hindu, Muslim, Christian.

Also spoken in:

Mauritius

Language name   Bhojpuri
Population  336,000 in Mauritius (Johnstone and Mandryk 2001).
Region  Urban and rural.
Dialects  Mauritian Bhojpuri, Bojpury.
Language use  Government and politics.
Comments  Although often called ‘Hindi’, the language is Bhojpuri. Hindu.
 

Nepal

Language name   Bhojpuri
Population  1,710,000 in Nepal (2001 census).
Region  Narayani zone, Rautahat, Bara, and Parsa districts; near India border, Lumbini zone, Nawalparasi District; Janakpur zone, Sarlahi District; Koshi zone, Morang District; Mechi zone, Jhapa District.
Language map  Western Nepal, reference number 9
Alternate names  Bajpuri, Bhojapuri, Bhozpuri
Dialects  Bhojpuri Tharu, Teli.
Language use  74,148 L2 speakers in Nepal (1991 census). Also use Hindi, Maithili [mai], Nepali [nep], or Awadhi [awa].
Language development  Literacy rate in L1: 5%–30%. Literacy rate in L2: 50%–75%. 40% literate in Nepali, Hindi.
Comments  Hindu, Muslim, Christian.