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Blackfoot

A language of Canada

ISO 639-3bla

Population  4,500 in Canada (2001 census), decreasing. Few monolinguals. Population total all countries: 4,600. Ethnic population: 15,000.
Region  South Alberta, Blackfoot, Piegan, and Blood Reserves. Also in United States.
Language map  Canada
Alternate names   Blackfeet, Pikanii
Dialects  Piegan (Peigan), Blood.
Classification  Algic, Algonquian, Plains
Language use  Some efforts under way in schools on the reserves to promote knowledge and use of the language. Used for some traditional ceremonies. Mainly adults. Positive attitude. Most prefer to use English [eng]. Some also use Cree [crk].
Language development  Dictionary. Grammar. Bible portions: 1890–1980.
Writing system  Latin script. Unified Canadian Aboriginal Syllabics script, no longer in use.
Comments  Christian, traditional religion.

Also spoken in:

United States

Language name   Blackfoot
Population  100 in United States (2001 I. Goddard), decreasing. Ethnic population: 5,000 to 8,000 in USA (2001 I. Goddard). 1,604 (2000 US census).
Region  Blackfeet Reservation, Montana.
Language map  Northwestern United States of America
Alternate names  Blackfeet, Pikanii
Dialects  Piegan (Peigan).
Language use  Mainly older adults. Shifting to English.
Comments  In Missoula, Montana, summer language classes are offered in Blackfoot.