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Tai Dam

A language of Viet Nam

ISO 639-3blt

Population  699,000 in Viet Nam (2002 SIL). Population total all countries: 763,950.
Region  North, along Red and Black rivers; now settled south in Tung Nghia (Lam Dam), Tho Thanh (Dac Lac), Pleiku (Gia Lai), elsewhere. Also in Australia, China, France, Laos, Thailand, United States.
Language maps  Northern Viet Nam, reference number 82
Northwestern Viet Nam, reference number 82
Alternate names   Black Tai, Tai Do, Tai Noir, Táy-Dam, Thái Den
Dialects  Táy Mu’ò’i (Tai Mueai, Meuay). Similar to Thai Song [soa] and Tai Dón [twh], but not inherently intelligible with Tai Dón.
Classification  Tai-Kadai, Kam-Tai, Be-Tai, Tai-Sek, Tai, Southwestern, East Central, Chiang Saeng
Language development  Literacy rate in L1: 1%–5%. Literacy rate in L2: 50%–75%. Radio programs. Bible portions: 1982–2000.
Writing system  Lao script. Latin script. Tai Viet script.
Comments  It is part of the Thái official nationality (760,000 in 1984; official figure), which also includes Tai Dón and Tai Daeng. Officially included under Dai in China. Traditional religion.

Also spoken in:

China

Language name   Tai Dam
Population  10,000 in China (1995).
Region  Jingping County, Yunnan.
Language map  Southwestern China
Comments  Part of the Dai nationality.
 

Laos

Language name   Tai Dam
Population  50,000 in Laos (1995).
Region  Khammouan Province.
Language map  Laos, reference number 61
Alternate names  Black Tai, Tai Noir, Thai Den
Dialects  Tai Muoi (Tai Muei, Tay Mueai, Meuay).
Comments  Part of the Dai official nationality in China and the Thai official nationality in Viet Nam.
 

Thailand

Language name   Tai Dam
Population  700 in Thailand (2004).
Region  Loei Province, Ban Na Pa Nat village.
Alternate names  Black Tai, Jinping Dai, Tai Noir, Thai Den
Comments  Arrived in Thailand 1885.