Ethnologue.com home
Ethnologue > Web version > Country index > Asia > Russian Federation (Asia) > Buriat, Russia

Buriat, Russia

A language of Russian Federation (Asia)

ISO 639-3bxr

Population  369,000. Ethnic population: 445,175 (2002 Russian census).
Region  Siberia, east of Lake Baikal, bordering on Mongolia.
Language map  Western Asian Russia, reference number 32
Alternate names   Buriat-Mongolian, Buryat, Northern Mongolian
Dialects  Ekhirit-Bulagat, Selengin, Unga, Ninzne-Udinsk, Barguzin, Tunka, Oka, Alar, Bohaan, Bokhan. Buriat in newspapers from around Irkutsk, west of Lake Baikal; Buriat east of the lake less influenced by Russian, more like in Mongolia. Literary dialect differs considerably from those in Mongolia and China, which are influenced by other languages. Khori main dialect in the Russian Federation. Speakers in the Russian Federation apparently understand each other well.
Classification  Altaic, Mongolic, Eastern, Oirat-Khalkha, Khalkha-Buriat, Buriat
A member of macrolanguage Buriat [bua] (Russian Federation (Asia)).
Language use  Home, community. All ages. Neutral attitude. Younger also use Russian.
Language development  Those on both sides of the lake are fully literate in the literary variety. Newspapers. Bible: 1846.
Writing system  Cyrillic script.
Comments  Heavily influenced by Russian. East: pastoralists: cattle, horses, sheep, goats, camels; west: agriculturalists. Buddhist (Lamaist), traditional religion.
Contact us