Ethnologue > Web version > Country index > Pacific > Northern Mariana Islands > Carolinian


A language of Northern Mariana Islands

ISO 639-3cal

Population  3,000 in Northern Mariana Islands (1990 census). Population total all countries: 3,100.
Region  Saipan, Anatahan, and Agrihan islands, Carolines. Also in United States.
Language map  Guam and North Mariana Islands
Alternate names   Saipan Carolinian, Southern Carolinian
Dialects  Lexical similarity 95% between Southern Carolinian and Satawalese [stw], 88% with Woleaian [woe] and Puluwatese [puw], 81% with Mortlockese [mrl], 78% with Chuukese [chk], and 74% with Ulithian [uli].
Classification  Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Micronesian, Micronesian Proper, Ponapeic-Trukic, Trukic
Language use  National language. Semiofficial status. All on Saipan also use Chamorro [cha] or English.
Language development  Dictionary.
Writing system  Latin script.
Comments  Fishermen mainly; agriculturalists: vegetables; livestock: cattle, pigs, goats.

Also spoken in:

United States

Language name   Carolinian
Population  100 in United States (2000 census).