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Carib

A language of Venezuela

ISO 639-3car

Population  4,450 in Venezuela (2001 census). Population total all countries: 7,430. Ethnic population: 16,679.
Region  Monagas and Anzoategui states, northeast near Orinoco River mouth, a few communities in Bolivar state, just south of Orinoco. Also in Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname.
Language map  Venezuela, reference number 6
Alternate names   Caribe, Cariña, Galibi, Kalihna, Kalinya
Dialects  Tabajari.
Classification  Carib, Northern, Galibi
Language use  Quite well integrated into Venezuelan culture, though they do speak their own language among themselves. Home. All ages.
Language development  Dictionary. Grammar. NT: 2003.
Writing system  Latin script.

Also spoken in:

Brazil

Language name   Carib
Population  100 in Brazil (1995 SIL). Ethnic population: 1,794 in Brazil (2004 ISA).
Region  State of Amapá.
Language map  Brazil, reference number 86
Alternate names  Caribe, Cariña, Galibí, Kalihna, Kalinya, Maraworno, Marworno
Dialects  Tyrewuju (Eastern Carib).
Comments  Called Galibi in Brazil. Portuguese-Carib creole people (Galibí do Uaça) also speak Karipuna Creole French [kmv].
 

French Guiana

Language name   Carib
Population  1,200 in French Guiana.
Region  Coastal areas.
Language map  French Guiana and Suriname
Alternate names  Caribe, Cariña, Galibi, Kalihna, Kalinya
Dialects  Tyrewuju (Eastern Carib).
 

Guyana

Language name   Carib
Population  480 in Guyana (1991). The ethnic group represents 6% of the Amerindians in Guyana. Ethnic population: 3,000 in Guyana (2000 J. Forte).
Region  West coast and northwest.
Language map  Guyana
Alternate names  Caribe, Cariña, Galibi, Kalihna, Kalinya
Dialects  Murato (Myrato, Western Carib).
 

Suriname

Language name   Carib
Population  1,200 in Suriname (Carlin 2001). Ethnic population: 3,000.
Region  North coast. Eastern dialect primarily in Albina and in French Guiana, Brazil, and Venezuela; western dialect in central and western areas of Suriname and in Guyana.
Language map  French Guiana and Suriname
Alternate names  Caribe, Cariña, Galibí, Kali’na, Kalihna, Kalinya, Maraworno
Dialects  Murato (Myrato, Western Carib), Tyrewuju (Eastern Carib).
Language use  All ages. Eastern is the prestige dialect in Suriname. Central dialect users reportedly bilingual and shifting to Sranan [srn]. Also use Dutch [nld].
Language development  Literacy rate in L1: Below 1%. Literacy rate in L2: 25%–50%.
Comments  Their own name for the language is ‘Kari’na auran’, ‘Kari’na’ for the people. The name in Dutch is ‘Kara’ibs’, in French ‘Galibí’, in Spanish ‘Caribe’, in English ‘Carib’.