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A language of Spain

ISO 639-3cat

Population  11,200,000 in Spain (2006). Population total all countries: 11,530,160.
Region  Northeast, around Barcelona; Catalonia, Valencia provinces, Balearic Islands; Carche region, Murcia Province. Menorquin is Menorca. Pallarese, in Pallars. Ribagorçan from Aran Valley to south of Tamarit, and from Noguera Ribagorçana to border with Aragonese. Also in Algeria, Andorra, Argentina, Belgium, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Cuba, Dominican Republic, France, Germany, Italy, Mexico, Switzerland, United States, Uruguay, Venezuela.
Language map  Portugal and Spain
Alternate names   Bacavès, Català, Catalán, Catalonian
Dialects  Catalan-Rousillonese (Northern Catalán), Valencian (Valenciano, Valencià), Balearic (Balear, Insular Catalan, Mallorqui, Menorqui, Eivissenc), Central Catalan, Algherese, Northwestern Catalan (Pallarese, Ribagorçan, Lleidatà, Aiguavivan). Standardized variety is literary composite of several dialects and written form is most similar to Barcelona speech. Pallarese and Ribogorçan dialects less similar to standard Catalan. Benasquese and Aiguavivan people live in isolated valleys and have distinct phonology from their neighbors. Tortosin may be more similar to Valencian. Central Catalan has 90% to 95% inherent intelligibility for speakers of Valencian (1989 R. Hall, Jr.). Lexical similarity: 87% with Italian, 85% with Portuguese and Spanish, 76% with Ladin [lld], 75% with Sardinian [src], 73% with Romanian [ron].
Classification  Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Ibero-Romance, East Iberian
Language use  Official regional language. 5,000,000 L2 or L3 speakers in Spain (1994 La Generalitat de Catalunya). All domains. All ages. Also use Spanish, French, Italian, Sard [src] or Occitan [oci].
Language development  Literacy rate in L1: 60%. Literacy rate in L2: 96%. High literacy in Catalan (60%) is recent. Pallarese and Ribogorçan speakers have less education, less contact with standard, and live in high valleys of the Pyrenees. Some Valencian desire separate literature. Radio programs. TV. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible: 1478–1993.
Writing system  Latin script.
Comments  Christian, secular.

Also spoken in:


Language name   Catalan-Valencian-Balear
Population  31,000 in Andorra (1990).
Alternate names  Bacavès, Català, Catalán
Language use  Official language.
Language development  Literacy rate in L1: 75%–100%. Literacy rate in L2: 75%–100%.
Comments  Christian.


Language name   Catalan-Valencian-Balear
Population  100,000 in France (1996).
Region  Catalonia.
Language map  Andorra and France
Language use  All ages.
Comments  Population given above may not all be L1 speakers.


Language name   Catalan-Valencian-Balear
Population  20,000 in Italy (1996).
Region  Alghero, Sardinia north west coast.
Dialects  Algherese.
Language use  Also use Italian or Logudorese Sardinian [src].
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