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Chinook Wawa

A language of Canada

ISO 639-3chn

Population  83 in Canada (1962). Population total all countries: 100.
Region  British Columbia. Also in United States.
Alternate names   Chinook Jargon, Chinook Pidgin
Dialects  Many words from Chinook, large admixture of words from Nootka [noo], Canadian French, and English.
Classification  Pidgin, Amerindian
Language use  Formerly along Pacific coast from Oregon to Alaska, used between First Nations peoples and Europeans. Shifting to English. Revitalization program. All older than 50 years.
Language development  Dictionary. Bible portions: 1912.
Writing system  Latin script.
Comments  Nearly extinct.

Also spoken in:

United States

Language name   Chinook Wawa
Population  17 in United States (1990 census), decreasing. Ethnic population: 119 (2000 census).
Region  Formerly along Pacific coast from Oregon to Alaska. All now probably scattered.
Alternate names  Chinook Jargon, Chinook Pidgin, Tsinuk Wawa
Language use  Shifting to English. Formerly used widely during the 19th century as a trade language between Native Americans and Europeans, and between speakers of different languages.
Comments  Nearly extinct.
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