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Choctaw

A language of United States

ISO 639-3cho

Population  11,400, decreasing. Ethnic population: 120,400 including 111,400 in Oklahoma (1998 Choctaw Language Department, Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma).
Region  Southeast Oklahoma (McCurtain County), east central Mississippi. Some in Louisiana and Tennessee.
Language map  Southeastern United States of America
Dialects  Choctaw find Chickasaw [cic] unintelligible.
Classification  Muskogean, Western
Language use  Most children prefer English. Mainly older adults.
Language development  Literacy rate in L1: 5%–10%. Literacy rate in L2: 75%–100%. NT: 1848.
Writing system  Latin script.
Comments  The Houma are 12,000 racially mixed descendants of a Choctaw subgroup in southern Louisiana who speak a dialect of Cajun French [frc], and no longer speak Choctaw.