Ethnologue > Web version > Country index > Americas > United States > Chippewa


A language of United States

ISO 639-3ciw

Population  5,000. Ethnic population: 103,826 in USA (1990 census).
Region  Upper Michigan west to North Dakota.
Language map  Northern Central United States of America
Alternate names   Ojibway, Ojibwe, Southwestern Ojibwa
Dialects  Upper Michigan-Wisconsin Chippewa, Central Minnesota Chippewa, Red Lake Chippewa, Minnesota Border Chippewa. Turtle Mountain in North Dakota shares features with Central Minnesota. Red Lake includes Northwest Angle on shore of Lake of the Woods. Nett Lake on the Minnesota border is closely related to Lac la Croix (Rainy River Ojibwa of Northwestern Ojibwa [ojb]) in Ontario.
Classification  Algic, Algonquian, Central, Ojibwa
A member of macrolanguage Ojibwa [oji] (Canada).
Language use  Concerted effort via language teaching in public schools and other efforts to reverse decline. Mainly older adults.
Language development  Taught in primary schools. Dictionary. Grammar. NT: 1833–1854.
Writing system  Latin script. Unified Canadian Aboriginal Syllabics script, no longer in use.
Contact us