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Chinantec, Sochiapam

A language of Mexico

ISO 639-3cso

Population  5,800. 725 monolinguals (1990 census). Ethnic population: 6,300.
Region  North Oaxaca, Cuicatlán: San Pedro Sochiapan, Retumbadero, San Juan Zautla, Santiago Quetzalapa, San Juan Zapotitlán.
Language map  Southern Central Mexico, reference number 174
Alternate names   Sochiapan Chinantec
Dialects  66% intelligibility of Tlacoatzintepec [ctl] (most similar), 56% of Chiltepec [csa], 45% of Usila [cuc], 11% of Tepetotutla [cnt].
Classification  Oto-Manguean, Chinantecan
Language use  Vigorous. All domains. All ages. Positive attitude. 10 to 20 also use some English.
Language development  20% can read, 10% can write–all in San Pedro Sochiapam. Dictionary. Grammar. NT: 1986.
Writing system  Latin script.
Comments  People refer to themselves as tsá2 há2lí13 = people (where) wild flowers (grow). Transients go to Mexico City to work as maids, gardeners, or laborers, but the majority return and settle down in the villages. VSO; short words, affixes, clitics; tonal. Swidden agriculturalists. Christian, traditional religion.