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A language of United States

ISO 639-3dak

Population  15,400 in United States (1990 census), decreasing. 31 monolinguals (1990 census). 250 Yanktonais (1997 D. Parks); Census (2000) data may include Lakota [lkt]. Population total all countries: 19,280. Ethnic population: 5,000 Yanktonais (1997 D. Parks); 20,475 (2000 census).
Region  Northern Nebraska, southern Minnesota, North and South Dakota, northeastern Montana. Also in Canada.
Language map  Northern Central United States of America
Alternate names   Sioux
Dialects  Dakota (Dakhota, Santee, Santee-Sisseton), Nakota (Nakoda, Yankton, Yankton-Yanktonais). Lexical similarity: 83%–86% with Stoney [sto], 89%–94% with Assiniboine [asb], 90%–95% among dialects.
Classification  Siouan, Siouan Proper, Central, Mississippi Valley, Dakota
Language use  Most younger ones prefer English or do not speak the language. Few children (1998).
Language development  Grammar. Bible: 1879.
Writing system  Latin script.

Also spoken in:


Language name   Dakota
Population  3,880 in Canada. Population of Dakota and Lakota [lkt] 4,950 (2001 census).
Region  Southern Manitoba and Saskatchewan, Oak River and Oak Lake, Long Plain west of Winnipeg, Standing Buffalo, Birdtail, Stony Wahpeton, and Moose Woods. May be at Wood Mountain.
Language maps  Canada, reference number 11
Canada, reference number 4
Alternate names  Sioux
Dialects  Dakota (Santee), Nakota (Yankton).
Language use  In some communities most children and young adults do not speak Dakota. Also use English.
Language development  Literacy rate in L1: Below 1%. Literacy rate in L2: 50%–75%.