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Dong, Northern

A language of China

ISO 639-3doc

Population  463,000 in China (2003).
Region  Area where west Hunan and north Guangxi provinces meet, southeast Guizhou (Yuping Autonomous County); Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. 20 contiguous counties. Also in Viet Nam.
Language map  Southern China, reference number 35
Alternate names   Gam, Kam, Tong, Tung, Tung-Chia
Dialects  Zhanglu speech in Rongjiang County, Guizhou Province is standard variety. Reportedly similar to Mulam [mlm]. Lexical similarity: 80% with Northern Dong varieties, 71% with Southern Dong [kmc], 46% with Lakkia [lbc], 29% with Qabiao [laq], 26% with Hlai [lic], 24% with Gelao [gio], 22% with Lachi [lbt], 6% with Hmong Njua [hnj], 4% with Iu Mien [ium].
Classification  Tai-Kadai, Kam-Tai, Kam-Sui
Language use  Vigorous. All domains. All ages. Also use Mandarin Chinese [cmn].
Language development  Literacy rate in L2: 55%. Dictionary. Grammar.
Comments  Part of Dong nationality. ‘Kam’ is their own name, ‘Dong’ is the Chinese name. Traditional way of life relatively undisturbed. Tonal, 9 tones. Agriculturalists: rice, tung oil, tea oil; forestry. Polytheist.