Ethnologue > Web version > Country index > Europe > Spain > Extremaduran


A language of Spain

ISO 639-3ext

Population  200,000 in Spain. 500,000 able to use it, including some monolinguals (1994 T. Erickson). Most use northern dialect. Population total all countries: 201,500. Ethnic population: 1,100,000 (1994).
Region  Extremadura Autonomous Region (except the Fala-speaking valley northwest, Portuguese dialect-speaking strips west, and Spanish-speaking strip east); some neighboring areas. Also in Portugal.
Language map  Portugal and Spain
Alternate names   Barranquian, Cahtúo, Cahtúö, Ehtremeñu, Extremeño
Dialects  Northern Extremaduran (Artu Ehtremeñu), Central Extremaduran (Meyu Ehtremeñu), Southern Extremaduran (Bahu Ehtremeñu). Related to the eastern dialect of Tur-Leonese.
Classification  Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Italo-Western, Western, Gallo-Iberian, Ibero-Romance, West Iberian, Castilian
Language use  All domains. Mainly older adults. Some also use Spanish.
Language development  Literacy rate in L2: 90%.
Writing system  Latin script.
Comments  2 orthographies, one Castilian-like, developed around the turn of the 20th century by the famous poet José María Gabriel y Galán, the other more recent and more phonetic. SVO.

Also spoken in:


Language name   Barranquian
Population  1,500 in Portugal.
Region  Barrancos County.
Language map 
Alternate names  Barranquenho, Cahtúo, Cahtúö, Extremaduran, Ehtremeñu, Extremeño
Language use  All domains.
Contact us